Singles en forma data

DD for December

2020.11.26 02:28 ViewComprehensive334 DD for December

Small DD!
About Village Farms International, Inc.

Amongst the best value marijuana stock on the Nasdaq with some really good recent annoncement n a promising future.(
Newly the sole owner of Pure sunfarm, a cannabis compagny selling in Ontario n some other provinces.
Village Farms International, Inc., together with its subsidiaries, produces, markets, and distributes greenhouse-grown tomatoes, bell peppers, and cucumbers in North America. It operates through three segments: Produce Business, Energy Business, and Cannabis and Hemp Business. The company also owns and operates a 7.0 megawatt power plant that generates and sells electricity to British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority; and produces and supplies cannabis products. It markets and distributes its products under the Village Farms brand name to retail supermarkets and fresh food distribution companies, as well as products produced under exclusive arrangements with other greenhouse producers. The company was formerly known as Village Farms Canada Inc. and changed its name to Village Farms International, Inc. in December 2009. Village Farms International, Inc. was founded in 1989 and is headquartered in Delta, Canada
Village Farms is one of the largest and longest-operating greenhouse growers in North America, and is leveraging its decades of experience in large-scale, low-cost intensive agriculture and as a vertically integrated produce supplier to pursue high-value, high-growth plant-based Consumer Packaged Goods opportunities in cannabis and CBD in North America and selected markets internationally.

In Canada, British-Columbia-based Pure Sunfarms is one of the single largest cannabis operations in the world, the lowest-cost greenhouse producer, one of the best-selling brands, and has generated profitability for seven consecutive quarters.

In the U.S., subject to compliance with all applicable U.S. federal and state laws, Village Farms is pursuing a strategy to become a leading developer and supplier of branded and white-labeled CBD products targeting “big box” and other major retailers and consumer packaged goods companies, and with one the largest greenhouse operations in country, is well positioned for the potential federal legalization of high-THC cannabis.

Internationally, Village Farms is strategically targeting selected, nascent, legal cannabis and CBD opportunities with significant long-term potential, with an initial focus on the Asia-Pacific region through its investment in Australia-based Altum International.
Village Farms International, Inc. (“Village Farms” or the “Company”) (NASDAQ: VFF) (TSX: VFF) today announced two positive developments with respect to its wholly owned Canadian cannabis subsidiary, Pure Sunfarms.

Pure Sunfarms Receives Cannabis Research License for On-Site Sensory Evaluation from Health Canada

Pure Sunfarms has received from Health Canada its Cannabis Research License to conduct human administration trials for sensory evaluation of cannabis, enabling it to engage in on-site assessments of the taste, sight, smell or touch of its products at its Delta 3 cannabis facility in Delta, British Columbia.

“This license provides us with significant new opportunities in the formulation and refinement of our products, and underscores our commitment to innovation and the advancement of the Canadian cannabis consumer experience,” said Mandesh Dosanjh, President and Chief Executive Officer, Pure Sunfarms. “We look forward to leveraging this new capability to continue to extend Pure Sunfarms’ product leadership and further strengthen what is already one of Canada’s best-selling cannabis brands.”

Pure Sunfarms Brand Debuts Internationally in Hong Kong

Pure Sunfarms will be featured as part of a limited-edition Lane Crawford x Found CBD-infused gift set to be sold in the luxury department store’s holiday pop-up shops in Hong Kong this holiday season. The luxury gift sets will feature Pure Sunfarms branded CBD gummies created specifically for the Hong Kong consumer, among other CBD-inspired items such as chocolates, bath salts, and tea bags. The co-branded Lane Crawford and Found holiday pop-up shops aim to educate consumers and elevate their awareness of CBD.

The inclusion of Pure Sunfarms-branded CBD products was facilitated through a partnership between Altum International Limited’s (“Altum”) Found, Asia-Pacific’s first CBD retail platform and cafe, and Lane Crawford, an iconic luxury department store in Greater China. In August 2020, Village Farms acquired 6.6% of Australia-based Altum, one of the Asia-Pacific’s leading cannabinoid platforms.

“We’re so pleased for the Pure Sunfarms’ brand to make its debut internationally, alongside such prestigious and progressive partners as Altum and Lane Crawford,” said Mr. Dosanjh. “This is just the beginning of what’s to come for Pure Sunfarms as we look to share our love of plants and B.C.-grown cannabis products with the global cannabis market.”

“We are particularly excited to be able to present in Asia-Pacific for the first time, Pure Sunfarms, Canada’s market-leading cannabis brand,” Fiachra Mullen, Chief Marketing Officer for Altum International. “We believe that the leading cannabis brands in the Canadian market will hold a special place in the Hong Kong consumer’s heart. We are incredibly proud to have their trust in helping them access the Asia-Pacific markets for the first time through the most progressive cannabinoid jurisdiction in the region - Hong Kong.”

About Altum International

Altum International is a cannabinoid company born from its founders’ desire to bring the life-changing benefits of cannabis back to the Asia-Pacific. Through its Hong Kong headquarters, Altum is disrupting the status quo of decades past by importing, distributing and marketing a curated range of high-quality cannabinoid products across the region in a compliant and cost-effective manner.

In early 2020, Altum launched a line of consumer-friendly CBD products (Felix & Co), as well as plug-and-play CBD inputs for business operators (LIFE CBD) in the Hong Kong market. Following this, Altum launched Found, Asia-Pacific’s first CBD retail platform and cafe - designed to educate consumers and elevate category awareness. The August 2020 completion of a strategic investment from Village Farms has further fueled Altum’s growth aspirations for 2021 and beyond.

As per the supply agreement, Pure Sunfarms, a wholly owned Canadian cannabis subsidiary of Village Farms International (NASDAQ:VFF) to supply a range of its branded, high quality, B.C.-grown cannabis products to the customers of Medical Cannabis by Shoppers Inc., a subsidiary of Shoppers Drug Mart (over 1300 locations!
Pure Sunfarms expects selected dried flower products to be available for sale on the Medical Cannabis by Shoppers ecommerce portal nationally as early as next month and selected pre-roll, bottled oil and vape products to be available in early 2021.
Pure Sunfarms' 28-gram (1-ounce) package offering will be the first large-format cannabis offering listed by Medical Cannabis by Shoppers.
(Source is the website that Reddit doesn't seems to like(copy the link n remove the space) : see
The analyst said on a revenue basis, VFF’s recent run-up has corrected the stock’s discount “somewhat” but not enough to entirely eliminate the asymmetry, where he sees VFF to be currently trading at 5.9x 2021 and 3.4x 2022 EV/Revenue, which would represent 20 and 34 per cent discount to its peer group.

With the new update, Sarugaser has reiterated his “Strong Buy 1” rating with a target price of US$20.00, which at press time represented a projected 12-month return of 113 per cent.

“Should the stock show any weakness from profit-taking [on Tuesday] (although pre-market trading implies a strong open), we would continue to see this as a very good entry point into what is, in our view, Canada’s premier cannabis operator (and U.S. dark horse),” Sarugaser wrote.

Vancouver-based Village Farms has more than nine million sq ft of greenhouse in North America and is comprised of three businesses: production and distribution of produce in the US, Canada and through partner growers in Mexico, production and distribution of cannabis products in Canada via Pure Sunfarms and production and distribution of hemp and hemp-derived CBD in the US.

Pure Sunfarms began as a joint venture with Emerald Health at a 50/50 split. Village Farms has progressively bought out Emerald Health since then, completing the move with an announcement on November 2 that it had acquired the remaining shares.

“The acquisition of the entirety of Pure Sunfarms is a defining moment for Village Farms, furthering our transformation to a vertically integrated, plant-based consumer packaged goods company,” said Village Farms CEO Michael DeGiglio in a press release. “It allows us to fully leverage the invaluable cannabis expertise Village Farms has gained in combination with the organizational strength underlying the Village Farms produce business to pursue high-growth opportunities in emerging legal cannabis and CBD markets in the United States and targeted markets internationally.”

On Monday, Village Farms announced a Health Canada research license for PSF to conduct on-site human administration trials for sensory evaluation of cannabis, which gives the company “significant new opportunities in the formulation and refinement of our products and underscores our commitment to innovation and the advancement of the Canadian cannabis consumer experience,” said Mandesh Dosanjh, President and CEO of Pure Sunfarms in a press release.

In the same release, VFF announced that PSF-branded CBD products will make their international debut in Hong Kong over the holiday season through a partnership with Altum International, an Asia-Pacific CBD retail platform and café and Chinese luxury department store Lane Crawford.

Earning call transcript
"And I will note that only a small percentage, less than 5%, of Q3 revenue was generated by the launch of our 2.0 products, which was very late in the quarter. That drove a sequential quarterly increase in net income of 200% to $3.2 million. The third takeaway from the quarter is that the value of managing our business with prudence and discipline. From day one we have built and guarded Pure Sunfarms' profitability and return on invested capital. [...] We are encouraged by this activity, as it could mean better supply demand dynamics going forward. We believe this cost quality advantage, combined with our long-term capacity, will be a significant competitive advantage for the foreseeable future. And we will continue to believe that we could supply as much as 30% to 35% of the total Canadian cannabis flower market would B.C.-grown product, in addition to being a leading brand in excess of 20% of the retail channel. I do want to remind everyone that with the acquisition of the entirety of Pure Sunfarms, our Village Farms is now free to use our 2.6 million-square-foot Delta 1 facility for cannabis, production anytime we deem that it makes sense to proceed.[...]y. Internationally, we have invested in strategic partnerships like in Asia Pacific, company Altum, which is making steady progress on the execution of its strategy, initially focused on the Hong Kong market. So, turning now to our produce business for a moment. As I noted in the onset, Village Farms has had another good quarter.

The continuing strong price performance with tomatoes drove higher sales, and our continued progress in transition and growing capacity displayed through cannabis to our partner growers, as well as our continued focus on cost management contributed to a $4.2 million EBITDA turnaround into a positive $2.2 million. While these numbers are important in and of themselves, as you have heard me say many times, what is also critical, important is the breadth and depth of the strength of the organization to the lives of produce business. It is the engine that is powering our outsize growth opportunities in cannabis and related opportunities, both domestically and internationally. I'd like to turn the call over to Steve, who'll talk through our financial results. [...]Our produce business. Produce sales of $43 million for the quarter increased over 12% versus Q3, 2019 on the back of our average selling price of tomatoes increasing 30% year on year on lower tomato volumes, as we had no production from our Delta 2 facility in 2020, as is now being converted to cannabis production, as Mike mentioned.

The increase in produce selling prices essentially rolls directly into our gross margin, as there is no impact on our cost of sales. As such, we saw a year-on-year improvement in our Q3 gross margin of $6.2 million to $5.6 million from a loss in the prior third quarter of 2019, of $600,000. Our produce business had a 13% gross margin for the quarter. The incremental increase in our gross margin was driven by the higher selling price and lower tomato volumes, again due to the diversion of the Delta 2 facility.

Produce EBITDA increased by $4.2 million year on year to $2.2 million on the back of the improvement in our produce gross margin, which was offset by a lower year-on-year add-back depreciation since the Delta 2 facility was not in production, and a higher year-on-year SG&A in Q3, 2020 versus Q3, 2019 of $1.2 million, which is primarily related to substantive expenses involved with the acquisition of the financing of the remaining Pure Sunfarms shares. I should note that these incremental SG&A expenses are not truly related to the produce business, but are more corporate in nature. Supply shortages due to the increase in grocery store traffic certainly helped to produce pricing in the late spring and throughout the summer of 2020. I'd like to extend our sincere thanks to all the Village Farms employees who have continued to work all out on growing, distributing, and supporting our Village Farms produce brands, by getting our fresh produce on the shelves, our strategic retail partners in both the U.S.

and Canada. [...] The late-quarter launch of Pure Sunfarms 2.0 products contributed 4.5% of sales this quarter, and wholesale sales made up the balance of 47% of our sales. With the retail channel totaling 53% of sales Pure Sunfarms quarter-on-quarter growth and retail sales of 30% was driven by 166% increase in its small format SKUs, and a 30% increase in pre-rolls, which were offset by a 43% decrease in Pure Sunfarms retail large-format sales. The large-format sales in this quarter were as expected ongoing replenishment sales as compared to the second quarter, which were driven by higher launch-related sales. Our quarter-on-quarter average selling price did result in a 13.3% increase, which was driven by the increase in the ratio of our small format sales versus our large format sales, which enhances our margins, as well as an increase in the blended net wholesale pricing for the third quarter versus the second quarter, the wholesale pricing were driven by spot market dynamics.

We mentioned sequential sales growth looking ahead to Q4. While we continue to experiencing continuing month-and-month, year-on-year growth in our retail and wholesale businesses, I want to remind investors that Q4, 2019 was marked by the pullback of retail buying by prevention buyers who are managing the conversion to Cannabis 2.0 and their year-over-year inventory. To date, we have not seen any indication of this reoccurring, while Pure Sunfarms and our competitors still operate in a relatively new distribution system. And there remain many external economic factors, not to mention the pandemic that could slow our strong momentum.[...]Gross margin for the quarter was 34.6% versus 33.4% in Q2, versus 68.6% in Q3 of 2019, which had a totally different demand dynamic. This quarter's cost of sales includes an inventory writedown of CAD1.4 million, $1 million for the distillate inventory purchased earlier for which the market value has dropped since our purchase. Without the write down, Pure Sunfarms adjusted gross margin was 40.7%, which is a true reflection of the actual gross margins achieved against this quarter. The remaining distillate inventory has been assessed versus the market value, and there's no need for any further distillates write down.

The distillate will be used in Cannabis 2.0 products in Q4 and early 2021. We received finally of the Pure Sunfarms extraction license from Health Canada in September, and will enhance our gross margin in Cannabis 2.0 products. The vapes in the market today were manufactured by third party extractor, as such the margin on these SKUs was lower than on our flower products in the third quarter. We expect our Cannabis 2.0 products to have a higher volume as we manufacture our own vape pens and other Cannabis 2.0 products in the coming quarters.

It was important for Pure Sunfarms to launch these vapes and oil in advance to obtain extraction license due to the ongoing success of its flower plant.[...]SG&A expenses for the quarter for Pure Sunfarms decreased approximately 13% year over year,[...]As you can see from our Q3 gross margin percentage of 40.7% without the distillate inventory writedown, as compared to our Q2 gross margin of 33.4%, we continue our strong financial performance, consistent with the virtuous circle that Mike spoke of earlier. It is simply not in our commercial interests to be telling our customers our cost of production on margins. We have demonstrated a low-cost production and brand quality.[...]The Village Farms and Pure Sunfarms balance sheets continue to be on solid ground to support our ongoing businesses in the term gross objectives. Both entities have borrowing capacity on their existing bank loans. As we decided on September 30, 2020, for the first time my tenure at Village Farms, we had a net cash position of $22 million.

Of course, we just paid CAD60 million or $40 million to complete the acquisition of Pure Sunfarms on November 2, as well as issued a CAD19.9 million note or balance of $15 million due on May 2, 2021 to complete the acquisition. So, we're back into our normal net debt position as of today, but we are on firm financial ground with our ongoing positive cash flow from operations in both produce and cannabis. Speaking of, as I mentioned earlier, our pro forma, as we mentioned our closing press release earlier this month, Pure Sunfarms have been fully consolidated in Village Farms results beginning on November 2.[...]This momentum combined with an unmatched North American assets totaling over 10.5 million square feet, more than half of which is in the United States, and which no other cannabis company in the United States or Canada has, is why we continue to be so confident in our prospects for low and high THC cannabis markets in the U.S. and internationally. We have the considerable benefit of being able to pursue these opportunities funded by our produce business, which again is performing quite well.f you remember last year,[...]-we didn't have our sales license, so basically almost into the fourth quarter of last year. So, it's been one year. So, we can't really look at how we performed last year.

[S]aid in his comments, it was a different market last year, and we were selling solely 100% wholesale from the first, second, third quarter. So, for us, getting some historical data going forward is what we need. The second quarter of this year and to an extent the third was really impacted by COVID, especially the second quarter [...]Well, there is progress. I mean, we're still, you know, eyeballing Quebec. The team's doing a lot there. It's not an easy penetration, but we feel confident that slowly we'll make an entree into that, and that's clearly at the top of the pinnacle right now is Quebec.

But, you know, I think what's more interesting for us is finally the traction that Ontario and British Columbia showing in opening stores. I mean, Ontario's talking about, you know, in the realm of 40-50, 30 to 50, 30 to 60, stores promoting on the month, looking at 500 stores by April, doubling that to a thousand by next September, that is very, very exciting for us. We've had conversations on greater capacity. And I think British Columbia is moving in that -- not as aggressively.
maybe if you can just sort of elaborate more generally, given the -- you know, the recent changes in the U.S. at the federal level. How you see things playing out? And how those farms would be able to compete generally, relative to the MSOs which, you know, are quite in favor at the moment?

We believe that interstate commerce will happen.

And I think that's one area that that's where we shine the best. You just can't have five, seven, eight production facilities in a given state, indoor five, six, seven growers or one grower going around if you're going to really try to have incredible strains and consistency. So, one example with MSOs is, as successful as they are, and they will be more successful, especially the national ones, big-market cap see pockets no doubt, but they're going to have to find how they can be cost effective. Because in the end, like we've proven in Canada, things will get competitive.

And even if, in the end, there is a migration with technology, less in flower to other deliverables, I think we could play our part. From a Texas perspective, if Texas -- yeah, there's a lot of bills out there. We don't know, unfortunately, Texas meets every two years. So, we have this one window between January and May, whether it's a medicinal play there, I think first rather than RAC or nothing happens, and it's two years out.

Once we launch in Texas, we will be sort of first in when assets ready to go. We already have our conversion plans. We're ready to go in Texas. And that's the size same population nearly as Canada and the way Texas is going to probably be very close the next few years.

So that in itself is like the Republic of Texas or a country, but that doesn't mean we won't work nationally. And we're prepared to look at, if we have to do acquisitions or strategic partnerships and other locations where we can bring our strengths to the table. I think there's a lot of opportunity there. We're pretty well-known.

As you know, Village Farms is, in principle, a U.S. company. That's where we are. So, it's like coming home, and we're excited about on the array of possibilities for us." (
Institutional Ownership18.53%
Income statement + blance sheet
Price target Low 10.00, median 13.15, High 26.59 (from Barron n MarketWatch)

Disclaimer I've entered in it with an average buying price of 6.19US n I will be buying more.
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2020.11.13 10:36 melisaxinyue 3 Web Scraping Aplicaciones para Ganar Dinero

¿Puedes creer que el 70% del tráfico de Internet fue creado por arañas *? ¡Es sorprendentemente cierto! Hay muchas arañas, web crawlers o buscadores de robots ocupados con sus trabajos en Internet. Simulan el comportamiento humano, recorren sitios web, hacen clic botones, comprobación de datos y recuperación de información.

Con tanto tráfico generado, deben haber logrado algo magnífico. Algunos de ellos pueden sonarle familiares, como el monitoreo de precios en negocios de comercio electrónico, el monitoreo de redes sociales en relaciones públicas o la adquisición de datos de investigación para estudios académicos. Aquí, nos gustaría profundizar en las 3 aplicaciones de raspado web que rara vez se conocen pero que son sorprendentemente rentables.
1. Transportation
Las plataformas Budget Airline son muy populares entre los web scrapers debido a la promoción impredecible de boletos baratos.
La intención original de Airline’s es ofrecer boletos baratos al azar para atraer turistas*, pero los revendedores encontraron una manera de obtener ganancias de esto. Los geek scalper usan web crawlers para actualizar continuamente el sitio web de la aerolínea. Una vez que haya un boleto barato disponible, el crawler lo reservará boletos.

AirAsia, por ejemplo, solo mantiene la reserva durante una hora y si el pago no se realiza para entonces, el boleto se envía de vuelta al grupo de boletos y está listo para vender. Los revendedores volverán a comprar el boleto en el milisegundo después de que el boleto regrese a la piscina, y así sucesivamente. Solo hasta que solicite el boleto a un revendedor, los revendedores utilizarán el programa para abandonar el boleto en el sistema AirAsia y en 0.00001 segundos después, lo reservarán con su nombre.
No me parece un trabajo fácil. Tal vez la comisión de agencia intermedia es bastante justa.
2. E-Commerce
Debe haber muchos sitios de comparación de precios y Sitio web de devolución de efectivo en los favoritos de un comprador inteligente. No importa cuáles sean sus nombres, "plataformas de comparación de precios", "sitio web agregado de comercio electrónico" o "sitios web de cupones", las ideas son las mismas: ganar dinero ahorrando su dinero.

Scraping los precios y las imágenes de los websites de comercio electrónico y los muestran en sus propios sitios web.
Los magnates del comercio electrónico como Amazon saben que es difícil revertir las tendencias del código abierto *. Entonces comienzan un negocio para vender su API con una larga lista de precios. ¡Parece que los sitios web de comparación de precios necesitan hacer todos los trabajos, escribir códigos para scrape, proporcionar un canal de ventas y pagar las facturas!

No tan rapido. Déjame decirte cómo estas plataformas de comercio electrónico agregadas obtienen sus ganancias:

En resumen, lo están haciendo bastante bien.
3. Seguridad social
Para dos compañías que aceptan compartir bases de datos a través de API, aún podrían necesitar el raspado web para convertir los datos de las páginas web en informes de datos estructurales.
Tomemos los tres grandes como ejemplo. Equifax, Experian y TransUnion, que poseen los archivos de crédito de 170 millones de adultos estadounidenses y venden más de 600 millones de informes de crédito cada año, generando más de $ 10 mil millones en ingresos*.

"En realidad, es un modelo de negocio bastante simple. Recopilan la mayor cantidad de información sobre usted de los prestamistas, la agregan y se la devuelven", dijo Brett Horn, analista de la industria de Morningstar *.
Reciben sus datos de comportamiento personal de sus bancos, empleadores, tribunales locales, centros comerciales e incluso una estación de servicio. Con tantos informes para analizar, el web-scraping es una gran ayuda para organizar los datos. Pueden convertir las páginas web en informes de datos estructurales.
Hay muchas formas de scrape desde los sitios web. Si desea scrape datos a escala de muchos sitios web, una herramienta de raspado web es útil. Aquí hay una lista de las 10 mejores herramientas de web scraping como preferencia.
El web scraping es una forma increíble de recopilar datos para su negocio. Si está buscando un servicio de raspado web confiable para raspar datos de la web, puede intentar iniciarlo con Octoparse.
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2020.08.03 22:12 alivefro6 no idea what this is but oh well

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Jul 23, 2018 · Download Canta Themes and Icon Theme. Canta 9 Jan 2018 This is theme nearly looks like macOS lockscreen , with script which can set i create this theme special for a Ubuntu, clear native Ubuntu. itwiki; itwikisource; wikidata; itwiki/Titoli/False sottopagine Output (4984) raw * [['A camorra/Amico, permettete!]] - [['A camorra]] * [['A fede (l 家庭用全部(一部のdl曲除く)とacの3-5、7-14+、11亜、12亜と他一部。 探すときはブラウザのページ内検索機能が便利です。 GdM. Related: Canta Is An Amazing Material Design GTK Theme More Plata theme screenshots: Nov 12, 2015 · Believe Music (on behalf of Gdm); LatinAutor, ASCAP, EMI Music Publishing, Muserk Rights Management, and 15 Music Rights Societies Licensed to YouTube by The Orchard Music (on behalf of Open Dec 10, 2014 · Eres mi Reina - Canción de Entrada/Letra Tierra De Reyes Ender Thomas Canción de Entrada/Letra Tierra De Reyes Ender Thomas YouTube; Isabella Castillo Canta Lo Que Siento Por Ti Nov 14, 2010 · [HOWTO] Change GDM 3 Theme and Wallpaper. Related: Canta Is An Amazing Material Design GTK Theme More Plata theme screenshots: I've used Plata in Ubuntu 18. then navigate to wherever you keep the gdm themes to install. Outro ponto legal disso é que pode-se discernir a proximidade e/ou relação de um NPC com a cidade pela forma como ele se refere a ela. 16, GNOME Shell themes are now stored . Arc Theme also my favorite theme. Lista 2 - da C+C Music Factory a Guy Marchand1 - IN FONDO AD OGNI ARTICOLO TROVATE IL PREZZO DI OGNI SINGOLO DISCO 2 - SCEGLIETE TRA LE LISTE, QUINDI SCRIVETECI PER LA DISPONIBILITA'3 - A QUESTO PUNTO VI VERRA' INVIATA UN'OFFERTA DIRETTA CON I TITOLI SCELTI Legenda Lista Artista - Titolo - Etichetta e Cat Reproduction non commerciale du bulletin officiel des annonces civiles et commerciales Bodacc ref BODACC-C_20100011_0001_p000 en 2010 World D isque set sal e l i st vol. Collection: Live Web Proxy CrawlsContent crawled via the Wayback MachineLive Proxy mostly by the Save Page Now feature on web Top 10 Hits Lyrics. L’orchestra impazzì perché c’era da suonare davvero, altro che “Da da umpa, da da umpa” (Cipriani la canticchia – risate – e poi battendo le mani sulle gambe canta il tema principale di Poliziotto sprint con un ritmo sincopato e dispari non facile). Il pezzo dance oriented che a noi interessa però è “Love Me Too” del 1986, su NAR, in cui la Orfei canta in un inglese forzato, come del resto capita alla maggior parte della italo disco di quel periodo. This is a dictionary file with all the words ever 1 1 2016 1597594 839. mcOS 11 GTK and Shell theme GTK3 Themes. E. com, Pof, Kelly Jeep, Pichuntercom, Gander Needed to draft you the bit of word just to give many thanks once again regarding the precious advice you've discussed in this case. IVA 07301021007 - Iscr. Gdm (the GNOME Display Manager) is a highly configurable reimplementation of xdm, the X Display Manager. top 01. But I could change only background or only gdm theme. 1 1 2016 1538467 120. top 02. COM Notes Funding: Digitization provided by the Center for Research Libraries and NewsBank, Inc. tcz adwaita-icon-theme. top 003. But in his enormous output one can also find gems in many other genres. -g, --gdm, Install GDM theme. Corsica. Camillo benso, conte di cavour was a wealthy vineyard owner who went abroad to study advance viticulture prior to founding the political newspaper il risorgimento. TV (video Instagram) 15 Aprile 2020 Úrsula Corberó, alias. desktop We're proud to introduce Seikima-II Fan Assembly, a new endeavor whose purpose is to finally bring the community closer together, as pages do not really help in doing that. top 005. 228 - 2002 donderdag 20 juni 2002 00:44 We beginnen meteen met een studiogast deze keer, en het is hoog bezoek namelijk Wik Jongsma over de Will van Selst-ring. It comes with a clean and tidy controls. md for details Ocean-blue-GDM theme for ubuntu GDM Themes. GTK3 Themes by I have Ubuntu 19. pdf) or read book online for free. 21-7. top 016. * It is sorted by categories corresponding to the folder names * in the /pkgs folder. mga5. However, AMPK phosphorylation was dramatically reduced by 75% in the OGDM women. Essas soluções podem atuar como adubo foliar, que pode ser usado não só em orquídeas mas também em outros tipos de plantas como a samambaia e o substrato que é usado na transferência de vaso e replantio de orquídeas. Flat Remix GNOME/Ubuntu/GDM theme Gnome Shell Themes. In early modern Venice, establishing the cause of a disease was critical to determining the appropriate cure: natural remedies for natural illnesses, spiritual solutions for supernatural or demonic ones. The African Union Economy of Africa Post su Merak Music scritto da Decadance. Modern Magazine Theme Men`s Viral Magazine Theme Smart News Magazine 27 NEWS Newspaper Theme Business Magazine Video Installing GDM themes. 1d10+1 tipos de nomes /* The top-level package collection of nixpkgs. Ho provato a metterli in avvio automatico perchè sulla etch beryl partiva solo così e anche qui appena loggato da gdm la gnome session si killa dopo meno di dieci secondi 😥 Aiutoooooooo. Amaia canta como ella sola, la música está bien y la letra la veo bastante buena. Gnome Shell Themes by daniruiz06. 62. Change Ubuntu / Debian GDM login screen theme/wallpaper. These data suggest that GDM is associated with reduced skeletal muscle oxidative phosphorylation and disordered calcium homeostasis. Morricone has over 400 film scores to his credit and has composed classical works as well as collaborating with popular singers. GDM Themes. You can also send me to my mail daniel Apr 02, 2020 · GDM Theme. Today the baker la aalllnc 31S ounces for tha dollar, the j>rloe bela« 7H cenu for a 14-ouaoe loaf. As a registered user you have some advantages like theme manager, comments configuration and post comments with your name. f . tcz advcomp. tcz acl. top 015. top 006. tcz alsamixergui. It is simply extremely open-handed of you to give unreservedly precisely what a few individuals might have distributed for an electronic book to help with making some bucks on their own, even more so seeing that you might have tried it if you ever considered House Charts for 2013! Click on the headings to expand that date. Docs. work/trees/fl\:2-devel/*/*. See HACKING. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. I'm trying to change the gdm theme so it can look a bit more decent. 10 on, replacing GDM. 0. Descubra tudo o que o Scribd tem a oferecer, incluindo livros e audiolivros de grandes editoras. Buy GDN Magazine Theme by jawtemplates on ThemeForest. Materia also allows you to change the color scheme relatively easily in other ways. Franche-Comte A mí personalmente la canción me encanta. Como instalar o belíssimo e plano tema Canta no Linux. top 002. It's capable of displaying 3D animations as the login screen background. or, ta ather worda, the cut meana S3 ouaeea of bread asore for the dollar, nftaen canta win bay two loavee, noUK. Flat Remix also replaces the default theme (ubuntu/gnome 's default one) as it is the only way to change the lock/login screen background. 1 6 2016 1538316 247. 48. Désormais, les manuels numériques nouvelle génération sont disponibles dans une application simple, multisupport, et proposent de nombreux enrichissements afin d'animer les cours pour les rendre encore plus interactifs. Causas, das 7h às 18h. Pop Remix is a modification of the PopOS theme. Compõe, junto com outras oito Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and vinceliuice/Canta-theme. 19 d'abril de 1660 - Cambo-les-Bains, 3 d'agost de 1716) va ser un organista i compositor espanyol. Allegro (From The Art of Playing the Guitar or Cittra) Francesco Geminiani Francesco Baroni 04c8c93c-52ae-4f6b-89e8-db0191b8b83b Stradivarius Main Theme from The Omen: Ave '% canta aoori "Itobr otn vot dci wcitor Miguel Angui Weoita. 18-1. tcz abiword-dev. Discussion of themes and motifs in Ezra Pound's Canto 1. Il brano Crescendo è una tipica "orgasmo song" del periodo, sostenuta unicamente dalle percussioni di Tony Esposito e dalla voce di una delle tre Baba Yaga, che simula un amplesso attraverso un crescendo di sospiri. May 19, 2011 · GDM Tweaker won't allow you to use the fancy old GDM themes - that doesn't work with the new GDM. com, Hot, Kidscorner. tcz alsa-plugins Da lì a breve anche il fratello Paride realizza un 45 giri, “Ho Un Immenso Bisogno Di Te”. Comience la prueba gratis Cancele en cualquier momento. 61. tcz alsa-plugins-dev. Hi, this a great login screen, there's only one problem on my ubuntu 19. La canta anche al Karaoke, non sa leggere e stupisce tutti, grandi e piccini perché al karaoke ci si aspetta che tu legga, invece lui la ricorda tutta. 6 for the login / lock screen. It is available for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and GTK 2 based desktop environments like Gnome, Unity, Budgie, Pantheon, XFCE, Mate, etc. I am using Debian Squeeze Testing and I have gdm3 installed. 10. Night Diamond v3. Simply Circles Icons Full Icon Themes. ARMANDO TROVAJOLI - COMMEDIE MUSICALI CANZONI BALLATE E TEMI DA FILM. Gdm allows you to log into your system with the X Window System running and supports running several different X sessions on your local machine at the same time. Ele é suntuosamente adequado ao desktop 8188eu. 10 with Gnome Shell and I didn't notice any issues other than the theme GDM theme not being used, but this is only after about an hour of usage. Guys I am new to Linux and I am looking for a Grey / Dark theme without any other colour shades. At any given time several distinct crawls are running, some for months, and some every day or longer. top 018. 1 2 2015 1682004 246. Ant Themes. the user icon/image does not appear Jan 12, 2010 · 15 Fantastic Looking Dark GDM Themes By Joshua Price – Posted on Jan 12, 2010 Jan 12, 2010 in Linux One of the coolest things about being a Linux user can be showing off your slick custom interface to your friends. 10-tinycore64. 'Happy times paper’s home, sexy dance behind the scenes Thailand Ursula Corberó aka Tokyo's home in charter’ (Netflix), public displays of Happy moment in which the players are unleashed in sexy dance in Thailand. Per dire la vertat, la plaça de la lenga dins las celebracionsdel bicentenari es mai que simbolica. December 31st, 2013 Agencia de Modelos http://www. Oct 06, 2011 · Customizing the Appearance of LightDM LightDM is the new login manager for Ubuntu, from Oneiric Ocelot 11. Guai a parlarci sopra, va sentita senza interferenze. */,,' sort uniq tr ' ' ',' GDM Themes by EugeneVe. 2% Canta theme. 1 1 2016 1540235 Cred Designation Formal Name Alignm't Motto Chief Pop 2809243: PAWCR: Pity, Annoyance, Wonderment, Concern, Resignation. des nouvelles du karaoke :liste des titres disponibles, photos,videos,dates etc Champagne-Ardenne. md for details. (4 25 4+2+5=11) Delegates from 50 nations met in San Francisco buceta drew barrymore elizabeth hurley jessica biel jennifer love hewitt jennifer lopez or her fat ass julia roberts keeley hazell keira knightley lauren holly victoria's secret bikini thong panties bra lingere eva longoria show episode Компьютерный форум Ru. GTK3 Themes by GDM Themes by EugeneVe. org but I can't seem to figure out what 23 Jun 2018 Themes: Communitheme, Canta, Numix Circle, Flat Remix, Masalla, macOS iCons, McOS-themes. 1 5 2016 1539502 382. src. Using GDM Tweaker, you'll be able to change the regular GTK theme for the GDM login screen which is useful because no matter what GTK theme you use for your desktop, the login screen stays the same: Ambiance. Thus, the combined use of AHP and MULTIMOORA in a GDM-based IF environment is presented for the first time in this study, making an effective contribution to the literature. com/profile/15885275546994795488 [email protected]. 26. Facebook Groups make it easy to connect with specific sets of people, like family, teammates or coworkers. oh, you found the manager (i thought you hadn't gotten that far). PubMed. 2 Log-in screen background image. 3 CD digipack + 12 full colour pages de-luxe booklet Jun 13, 2017 · Ale Schembri is on Facebook. 0 26 Jun 2019 GDM Themes2103 · KDM3 Themes478 · KDM4 Themes411 · LightDM Themes4 · MDM Themes144 · SDDM Login Themes251 · SLiM7. 11 second moen! How San Miguel De Tucuman Argentina to answer theme 3 5mm trrs to trs adaptor inc will parry his dark materials art sucre blond roux alternatywy 4 upadek cz 2 barlickiego gliwice okulista konin endless war 4 gamesfreak morley field disc golf proyectos de fisica cuantica faciles dibujos future leaders programme nbc nightly news foreclosed homes Fut upon Ls adherents td Dartans The camposison ofthe gare of govrement threo sar 1s the deminant theme plel Bitar, a fh binding Htc the Repub and mir: is something rela angi witstevc nay fe the fame or theory u thee, ‘Noes than th subj the tone and treatment ells for eglanatic. D. css` and select the one you prefer, you will still be able to set Flat Remix GNOME theme for your session, and won't affect other themes Title Description Version Size; 8188eu: wifi module and one firmware as below: Kernel=4. Score 89. /media_info/ 14-Jul-2017 19:27 - repodata/ 14-Jul-2017 19:27 - 0ad-0. 3 in C Major: II. *//' -e 's,. tdioil Ceci Z. 2% Nov 28 2018 . Whether you're 2. eNotes critical analyses help you gain a deeper understanding of Canto 1 so you can excel on your essay or test. tcz aalib-dev. . Welcome to LinuxQuestions. I've used Plata in Ubuntu 18. See gnome-shell/README. recipe sed -e 's/. Inside the categories packages are roughly * sorted by alphabet, but strict sorting has been long lost due * to merges. tcz acpitool. top ARMANDO TROVAJOLI-COMMEDIE MUSICALI CANZONI BALLATE E. com Blogger 9 1 25 tag:blogger. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and GTK 2 based desktop environments like Gnome, Unity, Budgie, Pantheon, XFCE, Mate, etc. Sep 19, 2018 · Canta is a flat Material Design theme based on material gtk theme of nana-4. Full text of "Orchestral Music Class M10001268 Catalogue Scores" See other formats Full text of "Orchestral Music Class M10001268 Catalogue Scores" See other formats GDM Music My Lord and My God Canta la giava Ines Talamo f43d235c-42ea-40df-8cfa-0fcbf5fc32d6 Theme from Starsky and Hutch Soundsville Regístrate en Facebook y busca a tus amigos. 2006-01-01. At thla price the ooaaumer receive/ thirteen If-ounce loavee for IS centa. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world more open and connected. Note Ubuntu uses LightDM, so you would need to switch to GDM 8 Mar 2018 Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell etc. Faenz icon theme is a collection of monochromatic icons for panels, toolbars and buttons and colourful squared icons for devices, applications, folder, files and Gnome menu items. Mucho más que documentos. top 004. Descubra todo lo que Scribd tiene para ofrecer, incluyendo libros y audiolibros de importantes editoriales. Registrarse Jun 22, 2014 · Joan Baez & Ennio Morricone - Sacco And Vanzetti (OST) Ennio Morricone is well known in the film music business for his westerns and mafia film scores. Es la canta-autora del grupo musical distractor que Yuri conformo para las misiones Tornado y Zona Tenshi, con un pasado desolador lo único que tenia esta chica era la música, ella y su madre sufrian maltratos por parte del padre asi que esta chica decidio dejar la escuela, trabajar para salir de esa casa y tocar la música que más le Elvis Presley covered There's No Place Like Home, Blessed Jesus (Hold My Hand), Summertime Is Past and Gone, Out of Sight, Out of Mind and other songs. Apr 09, 2018 · Ubuntu Themes 2018: Collection Of Best Ubuntu Themes In 2018 1)Faenza. it - Tutti i diritti riservati - Beat Records. 49. What I should do? Sabily GDM themes (transitional package) 5 Jul 2018 Ubuntu 18. Gdm. I downloaded the "Sleek Dragon" theme from gnome-look. Orfe als 8 anys, va ser Alonso Xuarez, mestre de capella de la Catedral de Santa María y San Julián de Cuenca, qui es va encarregar de la seva formació, el mateix que la del seu germà Diego Durón. tcz accountsservice-gir. Stele deals with a theme that has been recurrent in Paladino’s work since he began working at the end of the 1970s: the world is an intellectual construction that art gives shape to. J’suis le seul a être choqué de pas voir la bande son de death note (L theme …) ? En tout cas y’a la bande son de P4 donc c’est pas mal déja ! Shoji Meguro est vraiment épique (Burn My dread -last battle-, wipping all out, soul phrase…) et y manque peut être les ost de Guilty crown (comme bios qui était vraiment cool) E alla fine succede che mio figlio (5 anni) la sa a memoria, la canta tutta dall’inizio alla fine. tcz abcde. Ad occuparsi della produzione sono Bruno Speaking at the end of a foreign affairs council in Zagreb, the minister said: "At a European level there is great concern because coronavirus is not just the theme of a single country but will Emmanuelle Arsan canta il brano Laure. Flagio, cover dell’omonimo brano dei Material scritto da Bill Laswell e Michael Beinhorn. I want to change gdm theme and background. Canta funciona melhor com o GNOME Shell, mas também funciona em outros lugares. - vinceliuice/ Hum Haven't seen that. Pop Remix Theme. chubs. css will do what you are looking for. Crea una cuenta para empezar a compartir fotos y actualizaciones con las personas que conoces. To change it on ubuntu use `sudo update-alternatives --config gdm3. Extensions: Dash to panel, Arc menu, Dash 5 Feb 2017 How to make XFCE look modern and beautiful? Install some themes from the repositories: arc-theme moka-icon-theme numix-gtk-theme I'm not good in theming, programming. com/profile/00049574084420999236 [email protected]. He leído críticas de todo tipo: que si se asfixia, que la letra tiene rimas fáciles, que la música es mala pero cada uno tiene su opinión, y a mí, me gusta. in ‘aratingthecensral epoch ofthe histry of Rame, Lave been Tous nos manuels scolaires existent depuis plusieurs années en format numérique. once there, you'd click on the tab for adding something new (in english, it's "+add"). X-Arc Themes. it should be in 'lokal'. Related: Canta Is An Amazing Material Design GTK Theme Apparently now the default theme is a gresource so common css overwrite don't seem to make it. GNOME is part of the GNU project. Take a look at Gnome-Look GDM , most of the themes there come with good instructions on how to install them. 420 ‑ MARCH 2020 通信販売専用電話 03-3954-4897 土・日・祭日は一切の通販業務を休ませていただきます。 #Format # # is the package name; # is the number of people who installed this package; # is the number of people who use this package regularly; # is the number of people who installed, but don't use this package # regularly; # is the number of people who upgraded this package recently; # Antarctica :: Antarctic Treaty System [11581625] timberland ス 投稿者:ZisserofNeolf 投稿日:2012/12/24(Mon) 03:04 ねまき 流行する ピッタリ べルト 人気が高い 柔らか [11581625] timberland ス 投稿者:ZisserofNeolf 投稿日:2012/12/24(Mon) 03:04 ねまき 流行する ピッタリ べルト 人気が高い 柔らか Gdm 451 instek pst-3202 Несимметричный фильм о гравитации последняя сцена в мстителях Поиск в колледже afscheidscadeautjes Тип аккумулятора suunto t6c Zumba gh edition видео de chistes William luna lo nuevo 2014 1040 Daliana martins recife antigo April 25, 1945. Score 80. Will consist of small utilities and larger applications which share a consistent look and feel. Customization. EU VI ESSE BLOG / I SAW THIS BLOG http://www. org, a friendly and active Linux Community. Scopri tutto ciò che Scribd ha da offrire, inclusi libri e audiolibri dei maggiori editori. 19. A trobatrefugi dins lo campestre ont pèrd de terren cada jorn. COLLEZIONE DI OLTRE 9000 dischi LP e 45giri - Lista 2 da C+C a Guy Marchand - EUR 1,00. www. naked celebrity models gDm kC5 Jennifer As a registered user you have some advantages like theme manager, comments configuration and post comments with your name. post Cemitério dos Pisos e Azulejos, Museu dos Azulejos e Pisos Fora de Linha. Comm. 1 1 2016 1537922 291. com/ juhaku/loginized. Cam. tcz alsa-config. top 017. top 012. Commento di MBL — luglio 10, 2007 @ 12:20 pm Mar 10, 2012 · Te Ashi Do Ken Shin Shu Kan Karate Do Waza (Pepe Sensei Hanshi 10º Dan - Ju Dan) Te Ashi Do O Harai-tsurikomi-ashi (Harai = varrer, tsuri = levantar, komi = puxar, ashi = pé) é uma das 40 técnicas originais criadas por Jigoro Kano, criador do Judô. Ennio Morricone (born November 10, 1928) is an Italian composer famous for his work on the spaghetti westerns of Sergio Leone, particularly The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Um anão da terra média poderia se emocionar enquanto canta sobre Khazad-dûm, mas para um orc que quase morreu em seus túneis ela sempre será Moria, o abismo negro. 24 comments. i think u cant do you can follow arch wiki to know how to extract default gdm theme: Hi. 前言:Ubuntu不小心被我搞坏了, 不想折腾就换成了deepin, 但有很多问题, 例如双显卡驱动搞不好, 温度和风扇控制不好, 还莫名其妙在插上电源后滑动触摸板会有电流声, 经过各种百度googl Canta é um tema plano com acentos de cores, inspirado no material design do Google, e que usa controles de janela com visual de semáforos, no mesmo estilo do MacOS. rpm 03-Jun-2017 12:33 29210082 0ad-data você viu, está vendo, ou ainda verá. November 14, 2010 admin 9 Comments. m. Ultimate Maia GTK3 Themes. Buuf Plasma Full Icon Themes. Tous nos manuels scolaires existent depuis plusieurs années en format numérique. Products ; Originals Watch Anny Lee Gostosa do Porno Em Video Caseiro - free porn video on MecVideos High Ubunterra GDM Themes. ¿Y cual es la tuya? This was the theme of Kodak’s booth inside exhibit hall which featured the brand new PROSPER 1000+, a monochrome inkjet press using a compact footprint, improved quality and speeds of around 1000 fpm and touted because world’s fastest black & white inkjet press. I cant seem to run your script. the file /usshare/gnome-shell/theme/Yaru/gnome-shell. 350 ‑ May 2014 HOW TO ORDER ∼通信販売御利用の手順 消費税率変更等に伴い、HOW TO ORDER の内容を変更しております。 Lists. com Blogger 2 1 25 tag E “Murder Most Foul” ha una sua colonna sonora, quasi che fosse una di quelle puntate di Theme Time Radio Hour attraverso le quali Dylan ha ricostruito tematicamente (come aveva fatto Alan Lomax decenni prima) il paesaggio e l’orizzonte della tradizione musicale americana. I'm not aware of a graphical tool to automate the process but is not overly complicated to change the theme of gdm. once you do that, you just have to make sure the desired theme is selected. 04. tcz ace-of-penguins. com/daniruiz/flat-remix/issues with some screenshots. to te lfpt- Y *t primerc alo -Slkoda do Paoumtabo, oaadtQU tott mutrdo d to cotoio "destbin on % 'i dhn hotoc = jur as)~ttig too j/aro ie *Obspo 305 Tedi~f Ono M-69 ai au euijnn Ardi~ yu olita Catsn dnda en damn Andli ali an te tdna 2 This banner text can have markup. Found this theme at gnome-look. Joined : Mar 22 2007. txt), PDF File (. Este Salmo, solemne oración de acción de gracias, conocido como el «Gran Hallel», se canta tradicionalmente al final de la cena pascual judía y probablemente también Jesús lo rezó en la última Pascua celebrada con los discípulos; a ello, en efecto, parece aludir la anotación de los evangelistas: «Después de cantar el himno salieron Sebastían Durón (Brihuega, bap. 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2020.02.21 12:29 zobrenovic Banca Sistema SpA – 18% ROE, Trading at a Discount to Tangible Book Value

Banca Sistema SpA (BST.MI) is an Italian small specialty bank, providing factoring services to suppliers of public administrations (64% of the company’s outstanding loan volume), salary and pension secured loans (31% of outstanding loan volume), as well as gold and jewelry backed loans. The company’s business segments are characterized by low risk (36 bps cost of risk) and relatively high returns (18% ROTCE). Total outstanding loan volume exceeds €2.6 billion.
Interests of shareholders and management are seemingly well aligned, with management owning a significant portion of the company. The ownership structure looks as follows: 38.4% of the company is owned by a shareholder’s agreement comprised of two banking Foundations (collectively 15.3%) and SGBS (23.1%), of which Gianluca Garbi, the CEO of the company, is the relative majority shareholder. The remaining shares (61.6%) are floating. Mr. Garbi acquired an additional 170,000 shares in June of 2019 at a price of around €1.14, when the stock was near its all-time low to date. Other insiders have bought in August at prices between €1.25 and €1.30.
Since the stock was floated at the Borsa Italiana in 2015, Banca Sistema SpA has grown its assets by 75%, from €2 billion in 2016 to €3.7 billion in 2019. The profitability has been stable and growing, with net income of €26.4 million in 2016 and €29.7 million in 2019. Meanwhile, the stock price has fallen from €3.75 to around €1.90 during the same time period. For full year 2019, the company has managed to grow earnings by 9% and maintain a ROE above 18%, while being overcapitalized by more than €80 million on a pro forma basis. Evidently, there’s a divergence between fundamentals and stock price development, creating a bargain opportunity at low multiples of 5.14x earnings and 0.88x tangible book value.
The Main Business – Factoring
Factoring of receivables towards Italian public administration entities is the main business segment of Banca Sistema SpA. Customers are utilities and companies, who provide healthcare products and services, food, transport and entertainment to local state-owned healthcare companies, regions, municipalities and ministries. Due to structural reasons (bureaucracy as well as liquidity), Italian PAs are significantly slower to pay their open invoices than the EU average. In fact, out of all the EU countries, only Greece is slower to pay.
Source: European Payment Report 2019
Although payment times have come down in 2019, it’s questionable how sustainable this new level is. Greece had improved its average payment time from 103 days in 2017 to 73 days in 2018, just to see it increase back to 115 days in 2019. The reasons for these late payments are deeply rooted structural issues that have persisted for a long time. They will unlikely be solved overnight.
The profitability of the business comes from the ability to collect the purchased receivables faster and/or recover a higher value than the original creditor expected. The data driven underwriting is based on information about payment times from past collections with different public administrations. The company’s proprietary tools and comprehensive data basis are constantly fed with new data and enable them to effectively price receivables for profit. Payment times are accelerated by established relationships with key people at the PAs.
The key particularity about this business is that the vast majority (84%) of obligors are public administrations; a reference market without default risk. Although payment time can be further delayed, if PAs enter into financial distress, the exposure to credit risk is not a concern, because public administration entities can’t default and are not subject to Italian bankruptcy laws. As long as the company doesn’t accept any haircut proposal, a full recovery of both capital and interest at the end of the financial distress is possible. There is only a time value effect due to the longer collection process.
The majority of factoring turnover of Banca Sistema SpA is non-recourse (62%), with recourse factoring representing 11% and tax receivables 27%.
Source: Banca Sistema Q4 2019 Results
Favorable Market Backdrop and Legal Framework
  1. European Late Payment Directive (2011/7/EU)
To protect European businesses, particularly SMEs, against late payment, the EU adopted Directive 2011/7/EU on combating late payment in commercial transactions in February 2011.
Under this directive public authorities have to pay for the goods and services that they procure within 30 days or, in very exceptional circumstances, within 60 days. Companies are legally entitled to late payment interest from the day following the terms of contractual payment at a statutory interest of 8% above the ECB reference rate.
The late payment interest (LPI) is an incentive for the counterparty to pay the debt in time and negotiation lever for the company to get accelerated payment. If the payment is overdue, the LPI is accrued and eventually collected after legal action. For 2019, LPI from legal action has made up 36% of factoring interest income.
  1. VAT Split Payment System
In January 2015, the Italian government first implemented the split payment method of VAT collection to combat VAT fraud and non-compliance, which has been extended since. In this system, VAT due from goods and services provided to public entities are directly paid to the Italian treasury and not the supplier.
The split payment method generates liquidity problems for public administration suppliers, as they find themselves in a permanent VAT credit position on transactions made with public entities. Companies subject to split payment continue to pay VAT to its suppliers, but no longer receives it from its customers, who pay the tax directly to the state. This mechanism creates an imbalance of incoming and outgoing cash flows, further amplified by the delays in obtaining VAT refunds, which, on average, takes 95 days. The increased volume of requests for VAT refunds that can now be filed quarterly to reduce the negative financial impact, is expected to lead to further payment delays. The total expected business opportunity for factoring providers created by the split payment system is estimated to be around €15 billion, according to a study by Bain & Company.
  1. Growth of Government Spending
The European Commission’s spring 2019 forecast revealed that Italy will be the slowest growing economy in the EU during 2019. Technically, the country was in a recession in 2018, with two back to back quarters of negative GDP growth. With monetary policy being exhausted as a means to accelerate economic growth in the country, Italy has to turn to fiscal policy in order to support its economy. Italian government spending is projected to increase by almost €100 billion, or 2% per year, over the next five years, from €864 billion in 2019, to €957 billion in 2024. Government revenues are projected to increase roughly in line with spending(€921 billion in 2024). Thus, even with no GDP growth (€2.076 trillion GDP in 2018), the projections do not imply a breach of the EU’s rules, by which member states are not supposed to run a budget deficit above 3% of its GDP.
Source: International Monetary Fund – World Economic Outlook
The positive effect of increased government spending works in two ways for Banca Sistema SpA. First, more spending means more potential factoring volume in total. Second, more spending can result in higher payment times, because of the increased volume of payments that have to be processed; this in turn should create higher demand for factoring and enable more profitable underwriting (higher margins).
Salary and Pension Secured Loans (CQ Loans)
The Bank’s second largest line of business, with 31% of total outstanding turnover, is salary and pension secured loans. Loans outstanding have grown 25% y/y (FY19 vs FY18). It’s a lower margin business compared to factoring, with current net interest margins of 3.3% vs. 5,9% for factoring. However, secured loans are considered very low risk, because the borrower’s loan is repaid directly from their salary or pension by the employer or state pension body. The following attributes are additionally contributing to the low risk profile:
  1. the monthly installment can’t exceed 20% of the salary/pension,
  2. the loan takes precedence over any seizure of salary/pension amounts, and
  3. insurance is mandatory by law and covers in case of death, disability and loss of job.
Moreover, out of the outstanding borrowers 50% are pensioners and 32% are employees of public entities. The probability of default (PD) is very low and loss given default (LGD) is almost zero (thanks to the insurance).
Since the recent acquisition of the broker Atlantide, the company is able to originate the CQ loans themselves, instead of relying on intermediaries, like it has in the past. This will increase the net interest margin of the CQ business in the long run, although it might not have an immediate impact, because only 5% of the currently €817 million outstanding CQ loans are originated directly by the company.
Gold/Jewelry Backed Loans
The company has first tested this business in 2016 and has grown it organically as well as by way of acquisitions since. The pawn loan is a particular form of short-term loan with a collateral on property goods; the focus is on gold, jewelry, diamonds and selected watch brands. The gold and jewelry backed loans only make up a negligible portion of the total turnover, with €70 million in currently outstanding loans, even considering the recent acquisition of the gold/jewelry backed loan line of Intesa Sanpaolo SpA Group of €60 million in outstanding loans. This is not a business that many banks are focused on. Nonetheless, it’s characterized by very high returns and low capital absorption. The gross annual interest rate on the loans is 12-14% with 50% loan to value. Most pawns are paid back at the expiration date, between 5-8% are sold at auction. The majority of outstanding loans are backed by gold. Management has talked about prospects for double digit annual growth in this business segment in the Q4 2019 earnings call.
Regulatory Capital Well Above Minimum Requirements
The Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1) ratio stands at 11.7% at year-end 2019, compared to the minimum requirement of 7.75%. Total Capital Ratio (TCR) at 15.0%, exceeds required minimum of 11.85% by similar amount.
Moreover, the European regulatory bodies have recently decided to reduce the risk weighting of CQ loans to 35% from 75%, starting September 28, 2021. Since the CQ loans business makes up a significant part of the outstanding loans of Banca Sistema, at €817 million or about 42% of risk weighted assets, the new directive has a significant positive impact on the company’s regulatory capital ratios. Once the directive is officially implemented, the CET1 and TCR ratios for Banca Sistema will stand at 13.9% and 17.8%, before accounting for the most recent acquisition of the gold/jewelry backed loans business from Intesa Sanpaolo. In absolute terms, approximately €31 million of capital will be made available, 20% of the current market cap. The total capital surplus will add up to €87 million (pre acquisition), 57% of the current market cap. This large capital surplus makes the stellar returns on equity even more impressive. It will also enable accelerated growth in factoring and loan volume, additional acquisitions or a higher capital distribution to shareholders through dividends and buybacks.
As of my writing, the share price stands at around €1.90. With 80.3 million shares outstanding, the current market cap is €153 million. EPS for full year 2019 was recently reported at €0.37. That gets us to a P/E multiple of 5.14, implying a 19% earnings yield. The acquisition of the gold and jewelry backed loans from Intesa is expected to add approximately €3 million in annual profits, or €0.04 in EPS. Even with zero growth in the other lines of business, next year’s EPS could reasonably come in at €0.41. Based on the current stock price, the multiple on my conservative earnings estimate for 2020 stands at 4.63. That’s cheap by any measure and leaves a margin of safety for some unforeseen risks and uncertainties.
The company is also very cheap in terms of book value. Tangible book value per share for the most recent quarter is €2.16. At the current share price of €1.90, you get a discount to tangible book value, for a company earning a return on tangible equity above 18%.
Putting a more reasonable 10x multiple on net earnings, gets you to a share price of €3.70 on FY19 earnings and €4.10 on my conservative expectations for FY20 earnings. That’s an upside of around 100-130%. Following Warren Buffets logic of valuing J.P. Morgan at 3x tangible book value (18% ROTCE divided by his assessment of risk-free rate of 6% = 3), Banca Sistema should be worth more than 3x the current price.
Regulatory Risk
Two new EU regulations could potentially have an impact on Banca Sistema’s factoring business: the EBA guidelines on the definition of default and calendar provisioning. The risks emanating from the new regulations were previously discussed here on Seekingalpha.
Essentially, the regulations change the definition of default and the way the company has to treat its nonperforming exposures. By the new definition credit exposures that are due past 90 days are considered defaulted and have to be written off within 3 to 9 years depending on the type of exposure.
However, for exposures to central governments, local authorities and public sector entities, which make up 84% of Banca Sistema’s factoring turnover, special treatment may apply, as long as:
  1. the contract is related to the supply of goods and services,
  2. the financial situation of the obligor is sound and there are no reasonable concerns that the obligation might not be paid in full,
  3. the obligation is past due not longer than 180 days.
Fortunately, all criteria are met for most of Banca Sistema’s public sector exposures, because:
  1. factoring receivables from suppliers of goods and services to public administrations is precisely what the company does.
  2. PAs can’t default and are not subject to Italian bankruptcy law; thus, there is no concern that the obligation might not be paid in full.
  3. the average payment time of Italian PAs was between 67 and 104 days during the last three years, well below 180 days.
From a pragmatic perspective, the change of the definition of default has no impact on the actual collectability of receivables towards public administrations. Bad loans from PA exposure have not led to actual losses for the company. Still, concerns remain that the new regulations will have an impact on the accounting (in terms of provisioning and write-offs) as well as the regulatory capital requirements, which could adversely impact returns on equity or even necessitate a capital increase, diluting current shareholders.
Meanwhile, the CEO has stated that the impact of the new regulation is very limited, if not zero, on the most recent Q4 2019 conference call. Although I’d normally be hesitant to take managements word at face value, the high insider ownership and further acquisition of shares, gives me a higher level of comfort.
Why This Opportunity Exists
Banca Sistema is a small, relatively illiquid, Italian bank stock. There are multiple factors depressing the current share price.
First, the European financial sector couldn’t be more hated by investors. The increased regulatory requirements since the Great Financial Crisis, paired with the sustained unfavorable interest rate environment in Europe, have greatly reduced the returns on equity European banks are able to generate. A traditional European bank is happy to earn 9% ROE these days. Banca Sistema has thus far been able to earn more than 18% ROE, in the same regulatory and interest rate environment, running a significant capital surplus. This is one of those cases, where the baby is thrown out with the bath water, creating an opportunity for the attentive investor.
Second, Italy has had its fair share of bad headlines in recent years: government crisis, low economic growth and a large government debt burden have weighed on Italian stock prices. Unsurprisingly, Banca Sistema hit its all-time low of €1.10 per share, in June of 2019, at the height of the government crisis.
Third, small cap value stocks, as a group, have had a historically bad run in recent years. The relative underperformance of small cap value has only been more extreme in 1929, right before the Great Depression, and in 1999, at the very top of the Tech Bubble. In the current environment, companies like Banca Sistema tend to stay undervalued for a while, and in many cases, continue to fall further and further in price, as funds get drawn out of value strategies and get reallocated to strategies that have performed best in the most recent past. With capital continuing to flow into ETFs, companies that are not included in the prominent indices lag behind the largest capitalization stocks - the biggest beneficiaries of the inflows, who move along the fund flows seemingly irrespective of fundamentals.
Over the long run, fundamentals matter; share price and value tend to converge and major mispricings are corrected. The catalysts can either be abrupt, like a private buyout or a large share repurchase, or more gradual, like continued showings of good business fundamentals and high shareholder yield over time.
I think the latter is more likely for Banca Sistema, although a buyout or some other M&A event is certainly not out of the realm of possibilities. If the company continues to prove its earnings power over the long term, compounding its equity at a high rate, the stock price will eventually meet its intrinsic value. In the meantime, you’ll receive a decent dividend yield of around 5%, at a conservative payout ratio of just 25%. This is the type of company that I wouldn’t mind owning even if I couldn’t get a quote on my shares for the next 10 years. Your incentives are aligned with Gianluca Garbi, the CEO and single largest shareholder, who presumably has the majority of his net worth tied up in the company. He has every incentive to not only run the company well operationally, but to also eventually bring share price and value into alignment, if the gap doesn’t close organically over time.
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2019.11.18 09:27 Zalogon Los Kanji Perdidos (Primaria 3)

者 Individuo; sujeto; persona

訓読み- もの
音読み- シャ
者(もの) Un individuo; sujeto; persona. Se usa en situaciones formales, documentos legales y en settings militares. Aunque también se usa en animes de fantasía para sonar mas “medieval” como Marth en smash bros:
守るべきもののために、負けられない。Por las personas que debo proteger, no puedo perder.
若者(わかもの) Personas jóvenes
若者は老ウジンを譲るべきだ。The young should make room for the old
若者は専科というものを頭でしか知らない。Young people know the disasters of war only in the abstract
記者(きしゃ) Reportero
医者(いしゃ) Médico
患者(かんじゃ) Paciente
科学者(かがくしゃ) Scientifico
研究者(けんきゅうしゃ) investigador
労働者(ろうどうしゃ) Empleado
芸者(げいしゃ) Geisha
賢者の石(けんじゃのいし) Piedra filosofal

取 to get

訓読み- と
音読み- No importa tanto
取る(とる) to get
もう少しで満点が取れたのに I almost got a perfect score
車の免許を突りにく。 I’m going to go get my driver’s licence
君はどこで学位をとりましたか。Where did you take your degree?
今学期はスペイン語をとている。 I’m going to take Spanish next semester
欲しいだけクッキーをとりなさい。Take as many cookies as you want
長男の名前はおじさんの名前からとりました。 My first son was named after my uncle
クリームチーズ取ってくれる? Would you pass me the cream cheese?
一週間の休みを取った。He took a week off
長い休暇を取る余裕がない I cannot afford a long vacation
メモを取りなさい。You should make notes
取り替える (とりかえる) reemplazar; cambiar; restaurar
プリンターの空のインクを取り替えて下さい Please replace the empty ink jet cartridge in the printer
もっと大きいのと取り替えてください If it's possible, I'd like to exchange this for a larger size
タイヤを取り替えなくてはならないay que cambiar los neumáticos.
取り戻す(とりもどす) Recuperar
無駄にした時間を取り戻さなければならない。 Debes recuperar el tiempo perdido
花は雨のあと生気を吐露戻した。The flowers got their vitality back after the rain
彼女はきを失ったが、すうふんごに意識を取り戻した。Perdió la conciencia pero la recuperó luego de unos minutos
やっと本調子を取り戻した。 I have finally regained my regular form
健康を取り戻すのに丸一年かかった。Me tomó todo un año recuperar mi salud
先頭後、平和維持軍が平穏を取り戻すために活動しました。Después de la guerra, las tropas de paz tomaron acción para restaurar la calma.
取り上げる(とりあげる) Tiene varios significados…
  1. To adopt a proposal
会議で彼の提案が取り上げられた。 His proposals were adopted at the meeting
彼の提案は話にとりあげるほどのこともない His proposal is not worth talking about
  1. Feature; darle atención; sacar a la Luz;
全新聞がその事件を大きく取り上げた All the papers featured the case
彼はしばしは国民的英雄として取り上げられています。He is often referred to as a national hero
  1. Decomisar; confiscar >向こう見ずな運転の為彼は免許を取り上げられた。Le confiscaron la licencia por su forma imprudente de conducir.
銀行に家を取り上げられてしまいそうなんだよ I'm afraid the bank is going to repossess my house
警官は少年からナイフを取り上げた。The policeman took the knife from the boy
  1. 問題を取り上げる To take up a problem; encargarse de un problema
この件は昼食後にふたたび取り上げよう。 Let’s take up this matter after lunch
  1. Literal tomar y levantar
彼はペンを取り上げて書き始めた。 Levantó su lápiz y comenzó a escribir.
取り消す(とりけす) cancelar; take back
この切符を取り消せますか Can I cancel this ticket
私は彼女との約束を取り消しいた。I canceled an appointment with her.
私がケチだと言ったことを取り消しなさい。Take back what you said about me being stingy
今言ったことは蹴りします。I take back what I said
彼は大将に命令を取り消すうように頼んだ。 He asked the general to take back his order
取り出す(とりだす) take out
彼は数枚のコインを取り出した He took out some coins
彼はコインを1枚ポケットかっら取り出した。 He took a coin out of his pocket.
彼は海水から塩を結晶させて取り出した。 He crystallized salt from the sea water.
取り除く(とりのぞく) Deshacerse
悪習を取り除くのは容易ではない no es fácil deshacerse de malos hábitos
その肖像画は壁から取り除かれた the portrait was taken from the wall
私は庭から雑草を取り除いた I rid the garden go the weeds
靴から泥を取り除いてください。Please remove the mud from your shoes

酒 licor

訓読み- うけ
音読み- シュ
お酒(おさけ) booze
日本酒(にほんしゅ) Japanese booze; sake
酒飲み(さけのみ) Heavy drinker
飲酒運転(いんしゅうんてん) Drunk driving
居酒屋(いざかや) izakaya

受 Recibir

訓読み- うけ
音読み- ジュ
受ける(うける) Receive
受け取る(うけとる) tomar algo que se te ha sido entregado (no cuenta si no te lo entregaron); tomar; aceptar
けさ、宅配便(たくはいびん)を受け取りました。 I got a FedEx package this morning.
自尊心があるから彼はそのお金を受け取らなかった。His pride did not allow him to take the money
この贈り物は受け取れません。 I cannot accept this gift.
Another meaning of 「受け取る」is to interpret A as B.
わたしは彼が何も言わないのをYesだと受け取りました。I understood his silence meant "Yes".
個人的な話にうけとらないで Don’t take it personally
私は彼女の言うことを文字どおりに受け取った I took what she said literally.
彼女は私の言葉を侮辱と受け取ったようだ。 She seems to have taken my remark as an insult
受け入れる(うけいれる) recibiaceptar una idea o a una persona
田中さんをチームに受け入れました。We welcomed Mr.Tanaka as a member of our team.
彼のアイデアはすばらしいですが、受け入れることができません。 His idea is nice, but we can't accept it.
引き受ける(ひきうける) tomar responsabilidad de algún duty
彼は難しい仕事を引き受けた He took on the difficult work
彼の息子が工場の経営を引き受けた His son took on the management of the factory
これ以上仕事を引き受けられない I can't take any more work
たとえそれが嫌いでも、あなたはその世話を引き受けなければならない Even if you do not like it, you must take charge of it
友だちが旅行へ行くので、彼女の犬の世話せわを引き受けました。A friend of mine is going to travel, so I agreed to take care of her dog.)
受け付ける(うけつける) Aceptar una solicitud, documento
電話でもう受け付けていますよ。We take telephone orders
申し込みは明日までう受け付けます Las aplicaciones serán aceptadas hasta mañana
後になってテスト提出しても、受け付けられえません。If you turn in a test late, it will not be accepted
受付(うけつけ) Reception desk
受領書(じゅりょうしょ) Receipt

主 main

訓読み- ぬし・おも
音読み- シュ
主(ぬし) The chief; the head; la persona a cargo
君は君自身の運命の主でもあります。You are the master of your own destiny.
主人(しゅじん) Master
おかえりなさいませ、ご主人様。Welcome home master.
男性が一家の主ということはアメリカ社旗に当てはまる。It is true of American society that the male is the head of the household 何をするにも人に対してでなく、主に対するように、心から働きなさい。 And whatever you do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, and not unto men
農園主になりたいなあ。とピップが言いましいた。 I want to be a farmer, said pip
主に(おもに) Mainly; mostly; for the most part; mas que nada
日本人は以前は主に米を主食としていた。The Japanese used to live mainly on rice
今日は主にホームレスの問題を取り上げます。 Today we’re going to focus on the question of homeless people
乗船客は主に日本人だった。 The passengers on board were mostly Japanese.
彼の病気は主に静止イン的な者だった。Su enfermedad era mas que nada mental.
主語(しゅご) El sujeto de la oración
主人公(しゅじんこう) main character
主題歌(しゅだいか) Theme song
主張(しゅちょう) Claim; to advocate for
彼は自分の主張を立証で来ないことをとても恥だ。He was very ashamed of not being able to make his point
彼は自分の意見を強硬に主張した。He strongly persisted in arguing his opinion.
太郎は自分の言い訳が正しいと主張した。Taro insisted that he was right
彼女はその土地の所有者だと主張した。She claimed to be the owner of the land
彼は自分の潔白を主張した。 He affirmed his innocence
客観的にみて、彼の主張は全く理にかなっていなかった His argument was far from rational
彼は大学教育の改革を主張している。 He advocates reform in university education
彼女は女性差別撤廃を主張した。She advocated equal rights for women
飼い主(かいぬし) Dueño de una mascota
主要(しゅよう) key; main; most important; most relevant
貧困は以前として犯罪の主要原因である。Poverty is still the major cause of crime
猫が気持ちを伝える主要なやり方は身震いである。The prime means of communication in cats is body language
主要な目的を見失ってはならない。No pierdas de vista to objetivo principal
コーヒーはブラジルの主要産物の一つである。 Coffee is one of the staples of Brazil
持ち主(もちぬし) portador
彼女はハイセンスの持ち主ですよ Ella es portadora un gran sentido de la moda
あなたほどの才能の持ち主が世間に知られずにいるのは惜しいことです。Es una pena, que un hombre que porta una habilidad como la suya no sea conocido por el mundo.
魅力的な個性の持ち主い Portador de una personalidad encantadora
彼はすごれた記憶力の持ち主。He has a remarkable memory
主義(しゅぎ) Principios; forma de pensar; -ism
主義を貫く Live up to one’s principles
嘘をつくことはワタ主義に反する。It is against my principles to tell a lie 悲観主義は、向上することを信じいないのだ Pessimism believes in no improvement
彼は利己主義の化身だ He is the personification of selfishness
私は交互に楽観主義になったり悲観主義になる I am by turns an optimist and a pessimist
共産主義(きょうさんしゅぎ) Comunismo
資本主義(しほんしゅぎ) Capitalismo
民主主義(みんしゅしゅぎ) Democracia
無政府主義(むせいふしゅぎ) Anarquía
封建主義(ほうけんしゅぎ) Feudalismo

守 cuidar

訓読み- まも
音読み- シュウ
守る proteger
見守る(みまもる) look after someone; vigilar; cuidar
留守(るす) andar fuera de casa
友達は留守だった The friend was absent
彼女は九州に行って留守です。she’s away in kyushu
彼は旅行に出て留守だ。He's away on a trip.
留守番(るすばん) look after the house while someone is away
今日は私、留守番を言い付かっているから出かけられないの。I can't go out today as I've been asked to watch the house.
留守番電話(るすばんでんわ) Contestadora automática
看守(かんしゅ) Prison guard

州 State

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- シュウ
カリフォルニア州(かりふぉるにあしゅう) El estado de california
本州(ほんしゅう) La isla principal de Japón
九州(きゅうしゅう) La isla del sur de japón

習 Tomar lecciones

訓読み- なら
音読み- シュウ
習う(ならう) tomar lecciones; Aprender de alguien
あなたはロング先生に英語を習ったのですね。You learned English from Miss Long, didn’t you?
ピアノを習っています I’m learning to play the piano (from a teacher)
友達からカップケーキの作り方を習いました。Learned how to make cupcakes from a friend
練習(れんしゅう) Practicar
学習(がくしゅう) Aprendizaje
機械学習 aprendizaje automático
自主学習ノート Self-learning notebook

終 Invierno

訓読み- ふゆ
音読み- トウ
冬休み(ふゆやすみ) Winter break
冬眠(とうみん) Hibernación

集 Colección

訓読み- あつ
音読み- シュウ
集める(あつめる) Recolectar; coleccionar; to gather stuff
リスは忙しく木の実を集めていた。 La ardilla estaba ocupada recolectando nueces.
彼は切手をたくさん集めた el coleccionaba estampas
そのゲームは大観衆を集めた The game drew a good crowd
彼女の趣味は古いコインを集めることだった。 Su hobby era coleccionar monedas viejas
集まる(あつまる) se juntan; to be gathered
何千人もの人々がそこに集まった Miles de personas se juntaron en ese lugar
編集(へんしゅう) Editar (es lo que usan cuando editas stages de smash uwu)
集中(しゅうちゅう) Concentrarse. Casi siempre se refiere a concentración mental, pero también se puede referir a la densidad de algo
彼の仕事の大半が都市部に集中している。The bulk of his work is in the urban area.
太郎は英単語を暗記するのに集中した Taro concentrated on memorizing English words.
私は読書に集中していた Me estaba concentrando en leer
募集中(ぼしゅうちゅう) NOW HIRING

住 Residir

訓読み- す
音読み- ジュウ
住む(すむ) Residir
東京に住んでいます。I live in Tokyo
おじと住んでます。I live with my uncle
住所(じゅうしょ) Address
住民(じゅうみん) Residentes
原住民(げんじゅうみん) Residente Nativo
住まい(すまい) dwelling

拾 pick up

訓読み- ひろ
音読み- シュウ
拾う(ひろう) Recoger 彼は床からハンカチを拾った Recogió un pañuelo del suelo
収集(しゅうしゅう) Coleccionar
彼の趣味は珍しい蝶の収集だ。Su hobbies es la colección de mariposas raras
その収集品は一般に公開されている。The collection is open to the public
収拾つかなくなる(しゅうしゅうがつかなくなる) la situación se sale de control

重 peso

訓読み- おも・かさ
音読み- ジュウ
重ねる(かさなる) acumular cosas del mismo tipo; Amontonar; Apilar
悪事を重ねる Amontonar crímenes
机の上には漫画本が重ねてあった The comic books were piled on the desk
重なる(かさねる) Se acumulan cosas de la misma categoría
この本は8版を重ねました The book has gone through eight editions
用紙は3枚重ねて出してください Hand in the three sheets of paper together
重要(じゅうよう) esencial; importante
吸うポーつうは社会生活の中で重要な役割を果たす Los deportes desempeñan un papel importante en la vida social
テレビは日常生活で重要な役割を果たす。La TV juega un rol importante in la vida diaria
体重(たいじゅう) Peso corporal; lo que pesa una persona
重点(じゅうてん) importancia; énfasis; priority
同社の当面の重点はマーケットシェアの拡大である The company's immediate priority is to expand the market share
討論での重点は失業問題であった In the discussion the accent was on unemployment
二重(にじゅう) double
この単語には二重の意味があります Esta palabra tiene doble significado.
このような形を二重否定といいますが、結果として肯定を表すこととなります This sort of structure is called a double negative, but in effect it shows affirmation.
普段はとてもおとなしいナイスガイだが、理性のタガがはずれると人格が豹変する二重人格。 He's got a dual personality - usually a quiet "nice guy" type, but when he flips, his character changes.
二重奏(にじゅうそう) Dúo musical

宿 Lodge at

訓読み- やど
音読み- シュク
新宿区(しんじゅくく) The Shinjuku district
宿題(しゅくだい) Tarea; homework
宿泊(しゅくはく) Stay the night
6人宿泊させてほしい。We need accommodation for 6 people
そのホテルは500人宿泊できる。 This hotel can accommodate 500 people
スーはロイヤルホテルで宿泊手続きをした。Sue checked in at the royal hotel
ここに宿泊している人と話をしたいのですが。I’d like to talk to one of your guests.
雨宿(あめやどり) Taking shelter from rain
下宿(げしゅく) boarding house
私は下宿しています。I live in a rooming house

訓読み- ところ
音読み- ショ
所(ところ) Lugar. Puede usarse de forma literal o de forma metafórica. También se le acerca a como usamos la palabra “punto” en español
  1. Un punto geográfico donde algo se encuentra algo (un lugar) >彼女はここから数区画離れたところに住んでいる。 She lives a few blocks away from here
窓の外を見たとき、戸口の上り段のところに見知らぬ人が見えた。looking out the window, I saw a stranger at the doorstep
その町は海抜1500メートルのところにある。 The town is situated 1500 meters above sea level
野生の猿が見つかったという知らせがその警官のところにたくさん届いた。 llegaron muchos reportes de un mono salvaje al lugar de los policías.
  1. Un punto refiriéndose a una cualidad de una persona. >彼はどことなく謎めたい所がある。There’s something mysterious about him.
彼は若い頃は傲慢なところがあった。When he was young, he had an arrogant air.
  1. Un punto en el tiempo; Un punto de tu vida >家主に家賃を払えば、食物を買う金なくなる。進退極まったとうういうところだ。If we pay the rent to the landlady, we won’t have any money for food; we are between the devil and the deep blue sea.
彼女はディナーを食べている所です。She’s having dinner right now.
ちょうど荷造りが終わったとコッロですう。I’ve just finished packing
大ボスを倒す所だ。 I’m about to beat the biggest monster
場所(ばしょ) Un sitio. Un lugar que ocupa literal una posición en el espacio físico.
住所(じゅうしょ) Adress
事務所(じむしょ) Oficina
台所(だいどころ) Kitchen
近所(きんじょ) Neighbourhood
刑務所(けいむしょ) Prisión
長所(ちょうしょ) Virtud(en personas); ventaja (en cosas)
短所(たんしょ) Defecto; desventaja

訓読み- あつ
音読み- ショ
暑い(あつい) Caluroso
蒸し暑い(むしあつい) Sultry; caluroso y humedo
炎暑(えんしょ) Heat wave
暑がり(あつがり) Person sensitive to hot weather

助 Ayudar

訓読み- たす
音読み- ジョ
助ける(たすける) To save someone;
助けてください! ashudenme porfa uwu
助かる(たすかる) To be saved
助け(たすけ) Ayuda
彼は多数けを求める叫び声を聞いた。He hearrd a cry for help
助言(じょげん) Advice; Consejo
遠慮しないで助言を求めなさい。Don’t hesitate to ask for advice
教師は色々と助言をするが、生徒はいつも聞き入れるわけではない。Although teaches give a lot of advice, students son’t always take it.
救助(きゅうじょ) Rescate
この犬は山岳地で人を救助するように訓練されています。Este perro está entrenado para rescatar gente en las montañas
彼らは通りかかった船に救助された。Ellos fueron rescatados por un barco que pasaba.
彼rは溺れている少年を救助した。He rescued a boy from drowning
援助(えんじょ) aid/assitance
法律上の援助を求めてその弁護士のところへえ行った。I went to the lawyer for legal aid
彼らは援助を申し出た。They offered assistance
彼らはその画家を財政的に援助した。The assisted the painter financially
援助交際(えんじょこうさい) Relación de un sugar daddy con una joven.


訓読み- No tiene
音読み- ショウ
昭和時代(しょうわじだい) Era showa (1926-1989)

消 Desaparecer

訓読み- き・け
音読み- ショウ
消す(けす) Apagar; desaparecer
電気を消すのを忘れないで Don't forget to turn the light off
出るときには必ず火を消しなさい Be sure to put the fire out before you leave
消える(きえる) apagarse; desaparecerse
闇の炎に抱かれて消えろ! Be embraced by the dark flames and disappear!
消極的(しょうきょくてき) Passive
観察は消極的な科学であり、実験は積極的な科学である Observation is a passive science, experimentation an active science
消しゴム(けしごむ) Goma de borrar
消去(しょうきょ) To delete a file
セーブされたゲームは破損しているようで、利用できません。ゲームを終了した後、セーブデータを消去してからやり直してください。The saved game appears to be damaged and cannot be used. Please quit the game and then restart after removing the save data.
消防士(しょうぼうし) Bombero
消防署(しょうぼうしょ) Estación de bomberos

商 business

訓読み- あきな
音読み- ショウ
商い(あきない) business transaction; trading; trade
商店街(しょうてんがい) Shotengai; el mercado japonés
商売(しょうばい) A business
商人(しょうにん) Negociante; Vendedor
商業(しょうぎょう) Comercio

章 Sentence;Oración/Badge

訓読み- No tiene
音読み- ショウ
文章(ぶんしょう) Sentence. Written document
文章は大文字で書き始めなくてはならない。 You must begin a sentence with a capital letter.
日本では結婚は文章で届け得なければならない。 The marriage must be reported in a document in Japan
その文章にはメモがクリップでつけられていた。 A not was attached to the document with a paper clip
腕章(わんしょう) Armband
勲章(くんしょう) Badge

勝 Ganar

訓読み- か・まさ
音読み- ショウ
勝つ(かつ) Ganar
勝る(まさる) Sobrepasar; Ser mejor que; ser preferible
知恵は富に勝る Wisdom is better than the riches
予防は治療にはるかに勝る。 Prevention is much preferable to cure
二人の頭脳は一人の頭脳に勝る。Dos cabezas son mejor que una
勝ち(かち) Victoria;
勝利(しょうり) Victoria; triunfo; éxito (suena mas oficial/formal que 勝ち)
戦闘はローマグ運の大勝利に終わった。The battle ended in a triumph for the Romans
コーチはチームを勝利に導いた。 The coach steered the team to victory.
勝負(しょうぶ) competencia; match
ボブはスケートではきみといい勝負だ。Bob is a good match for you in skating
勝負は問題ではない。It doesn’t matter wether you win or not.
魔王が神に野球で勝負を挑んだ。El diablo retó a dios a una competencia de baseball.
勝手に(かってに) De forma desconsiderada; sin consideración
決勝(けっしょう) Batalla final; las finales (deportes)
優勝(ゆうしょう) Overall victory (even if you lost some games)

乗 To ride.

訓読み- の
音読み- ジョウ
乗る(のる) subirse a un carro, caballo, autobus; to get on
サーファーたちは波頭に乗った. Surfers rode on the crests of waves
乗せる(のせる) to get a ride; to be put on
駅まで乗せて行ってもらえる Can you give me a ride to the station?
トッピングは全部乗せてください。I want all the toppings
乗せられるのは100キロがマックスです。A load of 100KG is the max
乗り遅れる(のりおくれる) To miss a ride
乗り換える(のりかえる) Transfer to a different train
乗客(じょうきゃく) Pasajero 乗り込む(のりこむ) entrar en un vehículo o situación; to get into
敵地に乗り込む entrar en territorio enemigo
搭乗(とうじょう) abordar un avión o un barco

植 Planta

訓読み- う
音読み- ショク
植える(うえる) Plantar una planta
植わる(うわる) La planta es plantada
植物(しょくぶつ) Planta
移植(いしょく) Transplantar
母は庭へ花を移植した Mother transplanted the flowers to the garden
アメリカの文化はヨーロッパから移植されたものだ。 Thee American culture had been transplanted from Europe
彼は手術するかどうかは、移植する臓器の提供次第だ。 Wether he has the operation depends upon the avilability of the organ
外科医は私を説得して、臓器の移植手術をう受けることに同意させた。The surgeon persuaded me to undergo an organ transplant operation
その植民地は独立を宣言し、共和国となった。 The colony declared independence and became a republic
フランスはアフリカにいたくさん植民地を持っていた。 France used to have many colonies win Africa
植木(うえき) Garden shrubs

申 To humbly say; to apply

訓読み- もう
音読み- シン
申します (もうします) forma humilde de decir 言う a un superior
申し訳ありません。No tengo excusas u_u (SORRY)
申し込む(もうしこむ) Aplicar
彼はそのクラブへの入会を申し込んだ。He applied for an admission to the club
彼はその会社に職を申し込んだ。 He applied for a position in the office.
申し込み(もうしこみ) Aplicación (para lugares donde quieres participar)
申し込みは明日まで受け付けます。Hasta mañana se aceptan aplicaciones
申請(しんせい) Application; Filing (Para documentación. Va a quedar un record de esto)
離婚を申請する To file for divorce
彼女はビザを申請した Ella aplicó para una Visa


訓読み- み
音読み- シン
身(み) The Self.
酒で彼は身を崩した Alcohol brought about his downfall;
私主たる関心事はあなたの身の安全なのです。 My primary concern is your safety.
べっどん身を横えた。He laid himself on the bed
それはみにあまる光栄です。The honor is more than I deserve
身につく(みにつく) to become part of the self; to retain (a skill; habit, fat in your belly, etc…)
大丈夫。それが全部身についてもたったの70グラムだよ。It’s okay, even if I get fatter, it’s only 70 grams lol
身の程知らず(みのほどしらず) No conocer tu lugar en la sociedad. Tengo entendido que esto generalmente es negativo, como decir que una persona es “entitled”, pero he notado que NIKE lo usa de forma positiva en el sentido de (“olvida quien eres & just do it!)
自身(じしん) Confianza en uno mismo
出身(しゅっしん) Origen; orinario
その婦人は良家の出身であった. That lady came from a good family
ジョンはフロリダ、そして奥さんはカリフォルニア出身だ John comes from florida, and his wide from California.
身元(みもと) Identity
彼は身元を明らかさなかった。He didn’t reveal his identity
その犯人は自分の身元を隠さなければならなかった。The criminal had to conceal his identity
身長(しんちょう) Estatura. Height of a person
中身(なかみ) Contents
彼はコップの中身を飲み干した Se tomó todo el contendió del vaso
札入れの中身が紛失していた。El contenido de la billetera estaba desaparecido.
身分(みぶん) Social Status; position;
これは身分不相応な贅沢な物だ。This is luxury beyond my income
彼は身分のある人です。 He is a man of position
身分証明書(みぶんしょうめいしょ) ID Card

真 Really; truly

訓読み- ま
音読み- シン
(真っ) Prefijo que intensifica adjetivos…
真っ赤(まっか) Rojo fuerte; really red
真っ白い(まっしろい) really white
真っすぐ(まっすぐ) straight
この道を真っすぐ行ってください。 Go straight ahead on this street
会議が終わると彼女は真っすぐに机に戻った。 After the meeting she went straight to her desk
彼は鉛筆で真っすぐな線を描いた。He drew a straight line with his pencil
彼は私の目を真っすぐみた。He looked at me straight in the eye
彼は真っすぐ僕うの方へ近づいてきました。He came straight up to me
真ん中(まんなか) En medio
私たちの車は通りの真ん中で故障した。Se nos descompuso el carro en medio de la calle
真実(しんじつ) The truth
真実を言う Decir la verdad
その陳述を真実と認める。 I accept that statement as true
真実と空言を区別するのは難しい。Es dificil distinguir la verdad de palabras vanas
真実に迫る(しんじつにせまる) Acercarse a la verdad
写真(しゃしん) foto
真似る(まねる) imitar
子供は親の癖を真似る Los niños imitan las mañas de sus padres
オウムは人間の言葉を真似る。Parrots imitate human speech

深 Profundo

訓読み- ふか
音読み- シン
風かい(ふかい) deep
彼は深い眠りに落ちた。 He fell into a deep sleep
彼は両手をポケットに深くつ込んでいた。His hands were deep in his pockets
彼は深い恩義がある I am deeply in debt with him
その少女は老人の哀れな話にい深く感動しわっと泣き出した。 The little girl, deeply moved by the old man’s pitiful story, burst into tears.
深く潜ればもぐほど水は冷たくなる。 As we dive deeper, the water becomes colder
息を深く吸いなさい。 Take a deep breath
深める(ふかめる) to deepen
彼は生化学の知識を深めて。He deepened the knowledge of biochemistry
我々は親睦を深めた。We deepened our friendship
深まる(ふかまる) It gets deeper
心の傷は深まるばかり。The pain in my heart just gets worse
人は知識は深まるほど、自分の無知にきい月浮くものである。The more a man knows, the more he discovers his ignorance
彼らは親密さは年月とともに深まった。Their intimacy deepened throuugh the years.
親切(しんせつ) Considerate; kind
深刻(しんこく) grave; serious, severe, acute
大気汚染はこの国の深刻な問題だ。La contaminación del aire es un problema muy grave en de este país.
注意深い(ちゅういぶかい) Careful
彼女は衣料品を買うときは注意深く選択する。She makes careful choices when she buys clothes
注意深かったけれども、彼は思わぬミスをおかした。Careful as he was, he made an unexpected mistake.
私たちは一言も聞き漏らさないよううに注意深く聞いていた。We listened carefully in order not to miss a single word
興味深い(きょうみぶかい) Deeply interesting
人生はいかなる本よりも興味い深い Life is far more interesting than a book
彼女はとても興味深い人です。She’s a very interesting person
その映画は私達みんなにとって興味深かった。 The movie was interesting to all of us
深夜(しんや) deep at night

進 Progresar

訓読み- すす
音読み- シン
進める(すすめる) yo progreso en algo (transitivo); to go ahead
その計画は進められている。 The project is underway
進む(すすむ) progresa solo (intransitivo)
ナポレオンは軍隊をロシアに進めた Napoleon marched his armies into Russia
さあ、みんな、先へ進もう Now folks, let’s go on
進化(しんか) Evolución
進み出る(すすみでる) To step forward
その勇敢なる騎士は進み出てその貴婦人の手にキスをする The brave knight steps forward and kisses the lady on the hand.
突き進む(つきすすむ) to push through

神 Dios

訓読み- かみ
音読み- シン
神(かみ) Dios
神道(しんとう) Shinto Religion
神社(じんじゃ) Shinto shrine
精神(せいしん) Mentality; espíritu (no se refiere al concepto del alma que vive después de la muerte, sino a la mentalidad que uno tiene en vida). Cuando se habla de objetos se refiere a la esencia de esa cosa
私は持ち前の頑張りの精神で難関を突破した。I got over the difficulty with my characteristic tenacity.
条約の精神が没却されていた The spirit of the treaty was ignored
君は精神を養わなくてはならない You must cultivate your mind
スコットさんは企業家精神に富む経営者なんです。Scott is an entrepreneur with much spirit of enterprise.
神経(しんけい) Nerve
神経系(しんけいけい) Sistema Nervioso
神経細胞(しんけいさいぼう) Neurona
陣形質(しんけいしつ) Nervous
彼女は入試を前にして神経質になっていた。 She was very nervous before the entrance exam
彼女は初めての飛行に大変神経異質になっていた。 She was quite nervous about her first flight.
神経に障る(しんけいにさわる) Get on my nerves
その雑音は、私神経に障る that noise gets on my nerves
そいつは僕の神経にさわる He gets on my nerves
神経の鈍い(しんけいのにぶい) thick skinned
神経が細い(しんけいがほそい) oversensitive
神秘的(しんぴてき) Occult; mysterious
モナリザは優しいが神秘的な微笑を浮かべている。Mona Lisa has a mild but mysterious smile
彼らは夜の神秘的な影響の下にあった。They were under the mysterious influence of the night
彼女にはどことなく神秘的なところがある。There’s something mysterious about her.
夜神月 Yagami Light uwu

整 Arreglar

訓読み- ととの
音読み- セイ
整える(ととのえる) alistar; arreglar
ケンは毎朝自分でベッドを整えます。 Ken arregla/alista su cama todas las mañanas
みゆきはパーティーのためにテーブルを整えた。 Miyuki arregló/alistó la mesa para la fiesta
髪を整えないと。Debo arreglarme el cabello
姉は毎週、かみを整えてもらう。My sister has her hair dressed each week.
セッティングは整えておいたから、あとはまっくんが根性見せなきゃダメだからね。I’ve set the stage so now you just have to show some guts, OK?
整う(ととのう) ser arreglado
さあパーティーの準備が全て整いました。 Los preparativos para la fiesta están listos
整理(せいり) Ordenar por lógica
いつも仕事場をきちんと整理しておきなさい。 Always keep your office tidy
僕は出かける前に自分の本を整理する時間がない。 I have no time to put my books in order before I go
私は弟にこの部屋を整理させた。Hice que mi hermano organizara este cuarto.
これは私に思考の整理の思考の整理の仕方を教えることになった。 Ésto fue para enseñarme a organizar mis pensamientos.
整頓(せいとん) Ordenar para que se vea limpio/bonito
部屋はとても散らかっている。整頓しなくてはならない。Mi cuarto está muy desarreglado, debo ordenarlo
彼は今部屋の中でものを整頓している。 He is now setting things in order in his room
お手伝いが私ベッドを整頓した。 The maid made my bed.
教室を整理整頓するようにと命じられた。 It was ordered that the classroom be put in order
調整(ちょうせい) Ajustar; calibrar; afinar
時計を調整しなければ。遅れているのだ。 I must adjust my watch, it’s slow.
自転車のブレーキを調整してもらった I had the brakes of my bicycle adjusted
彼はクラリネットを調整してもらった。He had his clarinet tuned.
音楽のボッリュームを調整したいのですが。How do I fix the volume
整備(せいび) maintenance; dar mantenimiento
車はいつも整備しておきなさい。You should always keep your car in good order
整形(せいけい) Cirugía plástica

世 Plano

訓読み- よ
音読み- セ
世(よ) Plano existencial.
この世 El plano terrenal あの世 El otro mundo; plano espiritual
世の中(よのなか) sociedad; el mundo en el que vivimos y nos desarrollamos
世界(せかい) Mundo en general
世の中は瞬く間に変わるだろう The world will change in an instant
世の中は狭いものですね。It's a small world, isn't it?
世間(せけん) lo mismo que 世の中 pero un poco mas formal
お世話(おせわ) Molestia; ayuda
大変お世話になりました Muchísimas gracias por tomarte la molestia en ayudarme
私が海外にいる間、彼が猫の世話をしてくれるだろう He will look after the cats for me while I'm abroad
お世話をする look after someone
お世辞(おせじ) Flattery
彼は私にお世辞を言った。 He paid me a compliment
お世辞位にはきをつけよう。 Beware of smooth talk
世紀(せいき) Century

昔 Tiempo remoto

訓読み- むかし
音読み- セキ
昔話(むかしばなし) Historia folklóricaa
昔々あるところに Hace mucho tiempo en cierto lugar…
昔日(せきじつ) Older days
アメリカ合衆国の経済力は昔日のようではない。The economic strength of the USA is not what it used to be

全 Todo

訓読み- すべ
音読み- ゼン
全く(まったく) Expresión usada por si sola para expresar descontento
全然(ぜんぜん) Para nada (con verbo negativo) - Completamente (con verbo positivo)
彼はグランスうごは全然知らないい。El no sabe nada de francés
それは焦げている臭いとは全然ちがう. It’s quite distinct from the smell of burning
彼はその事件とは全然関係がなかった El no tenía nada que ver con el caso.
全く(まったく ) Lo mismo que 全然 pero 全く es mas formal y no tiene ninguna connotación emocional.
全部(ぜんぶ) Todo; todas las partes; All of it.
全て(すべて) Lo mismo que 全部 pero すべて Es mas formal
全員(ぜんいん) Todos los miembros del grupo
全国(ぜんこく) nation-wide; the whole country

送 Enviar

訓読み- あい
音読み- ソウ
送る(おくる) Enviar
放送(ほうそう) Broadcast
見送る(みおくる) See off
送り仮名(おくりがな) Okurigana; el kana escrito después del kanji
郵送(ゆうそう) Mailing
その手紙は明日郵送されるだろう。 The letter will be mailed tomorrow

相 Partner

訓読み- あい
音読み- ソウ
相手 (あいて) Persona con la que haces algo. Compañero de baile, contrincante de pelea, con quien conversas, etc.
相変わらず(あいかわらず) As always
相談(そうだん) Consejo
相撲 (すもう) Sumo (Deporte)
相当(そうとう) Considerable; remarcable
彼らの結婚費用は相当な物だった。Their wedding expenses were considerable
それを発明した教授は大学から相当の対価を受ける權利がある The professor who invented it has the right to considerable remuneration from the university.
鳥の翼は人間のう腕に相当する。 Las alas del pájaro se consideran equivalentes a los brazos de un hombre

想 Imaginación; idea de un concepto

訓読み- おも
音読み- そう
想像(そうぞう) Imaginación; concepción de una idea
彼らは日本といえば富士山を想像する。They often associate Japan with Mt.Fuji.
仮設のない科学など想像もできない。 We cannot conceive science without a hypothesis
彼は依頼人がどんな人なのか想像してみた。HE tried to imagine what his client was like
想像に任せる Leave something to someone’s imagination
想像に難くない Easy to imagine
予想(よそう) anticipar; expectativa; data-based guess; pronóstico
開票は予想した通りだ。Elections returns were what we had expected
離婚率は上昇すると予想されている。The divorce rate is expected to rise
結果は彼の予想とは正反対だった。 The result was contrary to his expectations.
感想(かんそう) Impresión
それの感想は? Que impresión te dió?
彼の新しいヘアスタイルについてみんな何か感想を述べた。Todos expresaron la impresión que tuvieron de su nuevo corte de cabello.
連想(れんそう) Mental association
彼女の顔を見るとバラが連想させる。Se me viene a la mente una rosa cuando veo su vara.
私たちは政治家というと偽善を連想しがちだ。We tend to associate politicians with hypocrisy.
私はこの歌を聞くと彼の名を連想する。I couple this song with his name
思想(しそう) Ideas; ideología
私は彼の思想うには与しない。 I don’t support his ideas
言葉は思想を表すのに役立つ。Las palabras sirven para expresar ideas.
思想の自由 Freedom of thoughts

息 Breath

訓読み- いき
音読み- ソク
息(いき) Breath
鼻で息ができません No puedo respirar por la nariz
息子(むすこ) Son; hijo
休息する(きゅうそくする) descansar; darse un respiro
彼は短い休息の後、仕事を再開した。Reanudó su trabajo después de un corto respiro
ため息をつく(ためいきをつく) breathe a sigh of relief
息を引き取る(いきをひきとるう) Dar el ultimo respiro (morirse)
消息(しょうそく) Noticias de alguien o algo
年賀賞のおかげで私たちは友達や親戚の消息がわかる Gracias a las cartas de año nuevo, podemos saber de nuestros amigos y relativos
彼はは3年前に家を出たきり全然消息がない。Desde que salió de casa hace 3 años no se ha sabido de él
利息(りそく) Intereses de banco $$$

速 Rápido

訓読み- はや・すみ
音読み- ソク
速い(はやい) Rápido
高速道路(こうそくどうろ) Highway
急速に(きゅうそくに) De forma rápida
砂漠の砂は夜になると急速に冷える。La arena del desierto se enfría rápidamente por la noche
速やかに(すみやかに) Apresuradamente
早速(さっそく) ASAP
速度(そくど) Velocidad
素速い(すばやい) swift (motion); sharp (judgement); quick (to understand). También se puede escribir 素早い.
ボクサーにはすばやい身のこなしがが必要だ。Los boxeadores necesitan reflejos rápidos
彼はロシア語を素早く習得した。He acquired Russian very quickly

族 Tribu

訓読み- No tiene
音読み- ゾク
家族(かぞく) Significa Ohana, lo cual significa familia, y tu familia nunca te abandona :’v
民族(みんぞく) Ethnic group, race
米国では多くの民族が生活うしている。Many races live together in the united states
コキリ族(こきりぞく) La tribu kokiri

他 Otro

訓読み- ほか
音読み- タ
他(ほか) Otro
そのほかのことならなんでもします。Haré todo menos eso
その他の点では正しい。It is otherwise correct
他人(たにん) Another person; others
他人を指すのは失礼なことです。Es de mala educación señalar con el dedo a otros.
他に(ほかに) In addition. Something/someone else.
その光景金額の他に、彼は私にまだ10ドルの借りがある。In addition to that sum, he still owes me ten dollars.
他に方法はありませんか。Is there any alternative to your method.
他に誰か休んでいたか Was anybody else absent.
日本では琵琶湖ほど大きな湖は他にない。 No other lake in Japan is as large as Lake Biwa
他方(たほう) The other
片方の本は薄く、他方は厚い。One book is thin, and the other is thick.

打 Dispararle; Darle

訓読み- う
音読み- No importa tanto
打つ(うつ) Darle (un balazo, un golpe, un madrazo, etc.
私はその男に腹を打った Le dí a ese hombre en el estómago
打ち上げる(うちあげる) Lanzar
ロケットは宇宙にう打ち上げられた El cohete fue lanzado al espacio
打ち勝つ(うちかつ) Superar
彼は自分の恐怖に打ち勝つことができる。El puede superar su miedo
彼は多くの困難に打ち勝った Ele superó muchas adversidades
新進ボクサーがチャンピオンに打ち勝った。 El nuevo boxeador superó al campeón
どのチームも例外なく打ち負かされた Every team was defeated without exception
ケンはチェスで私を打ち負かした。Ken beat me at chess
打ち込む(うちこむ) Dedicarse; Clavar; darle duro; adentrarse
いたにくぎを打ち込んだ Clavó clavos en la tabla
彼女はsポーツに打ち込んでいる Ella está clavada en el deporte.
自分のことに打ち込みなさい Dedíquese a sus propios asuntos
打ち解ける(うちとける) Abrirse a otras personas
彼は従業員と打ち解けない。He is inaccessible to his employees
彼は打ち解けた He has come out of his shell
手を打つ(てをうつ) Dar una palmada; tomar medidas; darle
事態が悪化しないように即座に手を打った。We took action immediately so that things wouldn’t go worse.

待 Esperar

訓読み- タイ
音読み- ま
待つ(まつ) Esperar
期待(きたい) Expectation; Hope
待合室(まちあいしつ) Waiting room

第 Números Ordinales (Prefijo)

訓読み- No tiene :D
音読み- ダイ
第一(だいいち) Primero
第一位(だいいちい) First rank
第2話(だいにわ) Episodio 2
第7章(だいななしょう) Sépitmo capítulo (de un libro)
第二言語(だいにげんご) Segundo idioma

題 Asunto

訓読み- No Tiene
音読み- ダイ
題(だい) Titulo
この劇の題は「オセロ」です。El título de esta obra es “Othello”
「友情」とい題で作文を書きなさい。 Writee an essay on “friendship”.
「秘めたの恋」という題の作文で、メアリーは賞をもらった Mary received an award for her composition called “Secret Love”
問題(もんだい) Asunto; Problema, Cuestión
このような問題は扱いにくい。Such problem is hard to deal with
その問題は審議中です。Ese asunto está en discusión
その問題はまだ十分に探求されてうない。The subject has not yet been fully explored yet
センセ英達はその問題をめぐって賛否が分かれた。The teachers were divided on the issue
問題を取り上げる(もんだいをとりあげる) To take up a problem
問題を扱う(もんだいをあつかう) Deal with a Problem
問題を避ける(もんだいをさける) Avoid a problem
宿題(しゅくだい) Tarea (de la escuela)
宿題を遅れずに終えてホッとしている It’s a relief to have finished the assignment on time
宿題をしているうちに眠れこんでしまった。Me quedé dormido mientras hacía mi tarea
もう宿題を済ませたの。Ya acabaste tu tarea?
やっと宿題を仕上げた。 I finally worked through my homework
彼は夕飯の前に宿題を終えていた。He had his homework done before supper.
話題(わだい) Tema de conversación
話題を変える(わだいをかえる) Cambiar el tema de la conversación.

代 Periodo de tiempo

訓読み- か
音読み- ダイ
代わりに(代わりに) En lugar de; en vez de
石油の代わりにアルコールを使うべきだ。We should substitute alcohol for oil
このネバネバした流動体は接着剤の代わりになる El fluido pegajoso puede ser reemplazado por adhesivo.
その感は灰皿の代わりになる。Usaremos la lata en lugar del cenicero
そのラジオの代わりにライプライターをあげよう。Te daré mi maquina de escribir por tu radio.
私自身がいく代わりに息子に行かせます。I’ll get my son to go instead of going myself
その代わりに彼は自分のコンピューターを制御しているスイッチを操作した。 Instead, he worked a switch that controlled his computer
-代(だい) Contador para décadas
反抗的な態度は10代に特有なものである。 The defiant attitude is characteristic of teenagers.
トムは映画界にデビュウするとすぐに10代の若者の間で人気が出た。Tom se volvió popular entre adolescentes tan pronto hizo su debut en las películas.
メアリーは10代後半にアメリカ合衆国に渡った。Mary went over to the United States in her late teens
彼は老けて見えるが、まだ20代だ。Se ve viejo pero sigue en sus veintes
代金(だいきん) Precio; Cantidad ほんの代金を小切手で支払っても良いですか。Can I pay for the book by check?
彼はその場で代金を支払った。 He paid the money on the spot
ビデオの代金を5回に分けて払った。 Pagué por el video en 5 abonos
私は本の代金5ドルを払った。Pagué 5 dólares por el libro
-代(だい) Sufijo para gastos/cargos
毎月のガス代はいくらですか。How much is your monthly gas bill?
タクシー代は君と分担しよう。I will share with you the cost of the taxi
現代(げんだい) Nowadays; Hoy en día
古代(こだい) Ancient Times
時代(じだい) Época; Era
1990時代 Los noventas

対 Contra

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- タイ
に対して(たいして) Ante; contra
子供に対して短期を起こしてはいけない。No debes ser impaciente ante los niños
他人に対して優越感を持っては行けない。No te debes sentir superior ante otras personas.
彼は彼らに対して深い憎しみを抱いた。Desarrolló un odio profundo contra ellos
群衆は人種差別に対して抗議した。The crowd protested against racial discrimination
対(たい) Contra
メキシごが4対1で勝っている。Mexico va ganando 4 contra 1
賭け率2対1でレッドが勝つだろう。 The odds are teo-to-one that red will win.
絶対(ぜったい) Definitivamente; Absolutamente
私はその案に絶対反対です。 Me opongo rotundamente a ese plan
審判の判定は絶対だ。La decisión del juez es definitiva.
アーア、絶対うまくいくと思ったのになあ Oh man, I was sure this was going to work out
反対(はんたい) Opuesto
対策(たいさく) Counter-measure
対策を講じる(こうじるをこうじる) Tomar medidas
交通事故の防止対策を講じなければならない。Debemos tomar medidas preventivas para evitar los accidentes de tráfico.
私ウイルス対策用ソフトウエアは不良品でした。 Creo que mi anti virus no sirve de nada

炭 Carbón

訓読み- No importa tanto
音読み- タン
石炭(せきたん) Carbón
二酸化炭素(にさんかたんそ) Dióxido de carbono

短 Corto

訓読み- みじか
音読み- タン
短い(みじかい) Corto (Longitud o tiempo)
その薬の結果は強烈だか短い Los effects de esa droga son intensos pero cortos.
ロープは、2〜3メーター短すぎた。The rope was a couple of meters too short
短所(たんしょ) Defecto
全ての人は長所と短所を持っている。Todas las personas tienen virtudes y defectos.
短期(たんき) Término corto
どんな語学も短期では無理だ。Whatever language you study, it takes time
短期契約社員達は予告なしに解雇された。The short term contract employees were dismissed without notice
手短 En pocas palabras; En breve
手短と言うと、君の悪いんだよ。En pocas palabras, es tu culpa
手短に意見を述べてください。 Please confine yourself to a short comment
短期(たんき) quick temper
彼は自分の短期でいつか困ったことになるだろう。His quick temper will get him in trouble one day.
子供に対して短期を起こしてはいけない。You shouldn’t be impatient with children
彼は彼の父親ほど短期ではない。He is less impatient than his father.

談 diálogo

訓読み- No tiene :D
音読み- ダン
冗談(じょうだん) joke
相談(じょうだん) hablar con alguien para pedir su opinión de tu situación; consulta
私は姉に相談した。I consulted with my sister
依頼人は弁護士を相談した。El cliente habló con el abogado.
相談に乗る(そうだんにのる) give advice
いつでも相談に乗りますよ。You can count on me any time!
会談(かいだん) Dialogo entre personas importantes
平和会談は今週始まる。 The peace talks begin next week

着 weaarrive

訓読み- き・つ
音読み- チャク
着る(きる) To wear. Nota: No see usa para sombreros ni pantalones. Para sombreros es かぶる y para pantalones y zapatos es はく.
下着(したぎ) underwear
着替えをする(きがえをする) Cambiarse la ropa
着物(きもの) Kimono :v
この黄色セーターを着てみませんか。Why don’t you try this yellow sweater?
彼女はかわいい水着を着ている。 She is in a cute swimsuit
昨日、何を着ていたか思い出せない。I don’t remember what I was wearing yesterday.
水着(みずぎ) Traje de baño
着く(つく) arrive; reach
私はあなたより先に駅に着くことができる I can beat you to the station.
私たちの列車は8時に大阪を出て、11時についた。 Our train Leeds Osaka at 8, arriving in Tokyo by eleven
私は毎朝9時に職場に着く。I report to work at 9 every morning
席に着く(せきにつく) Tomar asiento
到着(とうちゃく) Arrival! (Formal) Used by train stations, airports, etc.
到着が遅れます。I will be arriving late

注 Atención

訓読み- そそ
音読み- チュウ
注ぐ(そそぐ) Vertir literalmente; metafóricamente vertir tus energías, tu amor, etc
私にお茶を少し注いで下さい Please pour me a little tea
彼は友人を助けることに全力を注いだ He invested his energies on helping his friend
子供に少し愛情を注いで見給え、すると君におびただしい愛情が戻ってくる Give a little love to a child, and you get a great deal back
降り注ぐ(ふりそそぐ) Rain incessantly
注意(ちゅうい) Tener cuidado; Advertir 注意 se usa mucho por si solo para decir CAUTION!
はしごを登るときには注意しなさい Be careful when you climb up the ladder
火のそばへ行かないようにって、何度注意したらわかるの。 How often do I have to tell you to keep away from the fire?
注意をひく(ちゅういをひく) llamar la atención
まず私注意を引いたのは哲学だった。La primera materia que llamó mi atención fue filosofía
彼女の美しい服が私注意を引いいた。Su hermoso vestido llamó mi atención
子供はただ注意をひきたくて泣くことが多い Children often cry just because they want attention.
注意を逸らす(ちゅういをそらす) Distraer
突然音がして彼らはゲームから注意をそらした。A sudden noise abstracted their attention from the game
注文(ちゅうもん) Pedido
朝食のメニューの中から注文してもいいですか。 Can I order from the breakfast menu?
私たちは、新しい本を何冊か海外に注文した We ordered some new books from abroad
私はその本がとても好きだったので友人のために10冊注文した I liked the book so much I ordered ten copies for friends.
私は電話でピザを注文した。Pedí una pizza por teléfono
注文をキャンセルしますので、キャンセル確認書をお送りください。Por favor cancele mi orden y mande confirmación de la cancelación.
注目(ちゅうもく) Prestar atención; Dar atención conscientemente. Nota: diferencia de 注意, 注目 no tiene el feeling de CUIDADO.
彼の言っていることに注目した I focused on what he was saying
姉は注目すべき英語の進歩を遂げた My sister has made remarkable progress in English
この本は注目に値する This book is worthy of attention
注目されている映画 - A movie people are paying attention to / a movie people are discussing / a hot new movie
注目を集める draw attention
奇術師は子供たちの注目を集めていた The magician had the children's attention

柱 Pilar

訓読み- はしら
音読み- チュウ
柱(はしら) Pilar; Columna como de edificio griego
電柱(でんちゅう) Poste de luz

帳 Notebook

訓読み- No tiene :D
音読み- チョウ
手帳(てちょう) Notebook
電話帳(でんわちょう) Directorio telefónico
几帳面(きちょうめん) Metódico
彼は几帳面な男だ。He is a methodical man
submitted by Zalogon to KanjiEntendible [link] [comments]

2019.06.11 02:59 Pm_me_you_bating Can you guys help me to see what I did wrong?

Practical work 02: Information Management tollbooths
Important Note 1: The development of this practical work should be based solely on the tools and issues that look to the tab 10inclusive. Among others, the topics covered by these chips include repetitive instructions, data validation, using functions to measure time - controlled menu options, subproblems, programmer - defined functions, parameters, return values and program modules.
Important Clarification 2: PLEASE READ ALL CONTENT OF THESE NOTES BEFORE STARTING WORK. No claims will be accepted for any errors that could commit because of the trouble to read the slogans that was set have not taken.
to. Phrasing and Slogans. [1]
The general context in which this statement is part, has been proposed jointly by the Departments of Algorithms and Data Structures (AED) and Systems and Organizations (SOR), to serve as an experience of integrating work concepts and practices They are treated in both subjects. It seeks to ensure that students understand that each subject of the race is closely linked to the others, and the topics covered in each are not isolated or distant to you play on the other. As professionals systems, students can (and must) begin to manage terminologies and practices arising from all the classes they take, and therefore they should also understand that no matter must be taken in isolation or separated from other : all related and all contribute to the final formation of the future Information Systems Engineer.
In that sense, then, the context or framework in which this practical work arises is that of a concessionaire of provincial roads and especially the functions performed for the collection of tolls.
With specific regard to the development of practical work 2 AED, we consider the operation of toll boxes on a route of our city, and to simplify take the vehicle passes in a single box.
Assume that the Manager of the concessionaire of the toll that route has requested the implementation of an information system that collects information from the vehicle passes that occurred in that single cell and generate the information necessary results for permanent optimization operative that box. To this end, it is requested to schedule a system that complies with the following features:
Assuming that the tollbooth has 4 - hour shifts, are asked to create a simulation of the vehicle passes by it, taking hours and minutes. That is the program run for 4 minutes (considering that 1 minute is the first time, 2 the second and so on). To control time can refer to time.time () function (provided by Python) and can simulate pauses using sleep () (also provided by Python). On the use of these native features examples from exercises will guide.
Before you start uploading data (and before starting the run simulation time advance) call if you want to generate the data automatically or make manual loading. Then they are loaded or generate the automatically (depending on what the user chose) vehicle passes, knowing that a pass contains the following information:
Four minutes past the program must show the following results:
  1. Number of passes by vehicle type during the shift.
  2. Collection by type of payment: cash and electronic toll during the shift, taking into account the prices of the passes depending on the type of vehicle.
  3. Total collection of turn.
  4. Total number of passes that were performed during the shift.
  5. Type of payment had increased use (as many passes): cash or electronic toll.
  6. Average number of passes per hour during the shift.
  7. The new patent and what time passed (how many minutes after the start of the turn).
  8. Report rush hour shift, to this point should show what was the most amount of time passes (minute simulation).
Remember that if the data were generated randomly to be shown as they are generated. If the load is manual must validate every possible situation. The program must be controlled by a menu of options that allow:
  1. Define load form
  2. Process the past
  3. See results
  4. Go out
import random
import time


def datito():
datos = int(input("Ingrese 1- Carga Manual , 2- Carga Automatica:"))
while datos <= 0 or datos >= 3:
print("Error, ingrese de nuevo la carga")
datos = int(input("Ingrese 1- Carga Manual , 2- Carga Automatica:" ))

def datitos2(datos):

inicio = time.time()
final = inicio +240

cont_auto, cont_moto, cont_camion = 0,0,0
sum_moto,sum_auto,sum_camion = 0,0,0
total_pasaron = 0
ahora = inicio

#Inicio de tiempo
while (inicio < final):


if datos == 1:
if pagos == 1:
movil = vehiculo()
if movil == 1:
cont_moto +=1
sum_moto += 20
if movil == 2:
cont_auto +=1
sum_auto +=40
if movil == 3:
cont_camion +=1
sum_auto +=80
elif pagos==2:
patene = patente_Manual()
movil = vehiculo()
if movil == 1:
cont_moto +=1
sum_moto += 20
if movil == 2:
cont_auto +=1
sum_auto +=40
if movil == 3:
cont_camion +=1
sum_auto +=80

if datos == 2:
if pagos == 1:
movil = vehiculo()
if movil == 1:
cont_moto +=1
sum_moto += 20
if movil == 2:
cont_auto +=1
sum_auto +=40
if movil == 3:
cont_camion +=1
sum_auto +=80

elif pagos == 2:
patene = patente_Manual()
movil = vehiculo()
if movil == 1:
cont_moto +=1
sum_moto += 20
if movil == 2:
cont_auto +=1
sum_auto +=40
if movil == 3:
cont_camion +=1
sum_auto +=80

#Final del tiemppo


def pago():
pago = int(input("Ingresar forma de pago: 1 en efectivo y 2 telepeaje: "))
while pago <=0 or pago >= 3:
print("ERROR,Ingrese nuevamente la validacion")
pago=int(input("ingresar forma de pago de nuevo: "))
return pago

def vehiculo():
v = int(input("Ingrese tipo de vehiculo 1- Moto, 2- Auto, 3- Camion: "))
while v <= 0 or v >= 4:
print("Error, ingrese nuevamente")
v = int(input("Ingrese tipo de vehiculo 1- Moto, 2- Auto, 3- Camion: "))
return v

def patente_Manual():
val = False
print("Siendo L igual a letras y N igual a numeros")
p = input("Ingrese la patente con los siguientes formatos (LLLNNN o LLNNNLL):")
letras = ['A', 'B','C','D','E','F','G','H','I','J','K','L','M','N','O','P','Q','R','S','T','U','V','W','X','Y','Z']
numeros = ['0','1','2','3','4','5','6','7','8','9']
pat = len(p)
while val == False:
if pat == 6:
if pat in letras and (pat!= 3 or pat !=4 or pat !=5):
if pat in numeros and (pat!=0 or pat!=0 or pat!=0):

while len(p) == 7:
val= False
if pat==7:
if pat in letras and (pat !=3 or pat !=4 or pat !=5):
if pat in numeros and (pat !=0 or pat!=0 or pat !=0):
p = input("Ingrese la patente con los siguientes formatos (LLLNNN o LLNNNLL):")
val = False

return p , val
def patente_Automatica():

letras = ['A', 'B','C','D','E','F','G','H','I','J','K','L','M','N','O','P','Q','R','S','T','U','V','W','X','Y','Z']
let1 = random.choice(letras)
let2 = random.choice(letras)
let3 = random.choice(letras)
let4 = random.choice(letras)
numeros = ['0','1','2','3','4','5','6','7','8','9']
num1= random.choice(numeros)
num2 = random.choice(numeros)
num3 = random.choice(numeros)
patentevieja = let1 + let2 + let3 + num1 + num2 + num3
patentenueva = let1 + let2 + num1 + num2 + num3 + let3 + let4
print("Patente nueva",patentenueva)
print("patente vieja",patentevieja)

def principal():
print("Bienvendo a Rutaatlantica")
print("1- Carga datos")
print("3-Ver resultados")
menu = 0
while menu != 4:
menu = int(input("Ingrese una opcion: "))

if menu == 1:
cargadatos= datito()
if menu == 2:
inicio = datitos2(datito)

if menu == 3:

if menu == 4:

while menu <= 0 or menu >= 5:
print("Esta mal viejo")
menu = int(input("Ingrese una opcion,dale infrandotado: "))

submitted by Pm_me_you_bating to learnpython [link] [comments]

2019.04.05 23:06 LinkToU Freelancing guide for beginners in Venezuela(Without Programming Skillls) / Guía de Freelance para principiantes en Venezuela (Sin conocimiento de programación)

Hello reddit! My name is LinkToU, and i’ve been commissioned by u/justgord to share some of my freelancing experience, living in Venezuela. It might not be much, but hopefully it'll help some people get started.
I’ve seen countless numbers of posts here in this subreddit, asking for advice on how to get started, and what are the best ways to receive money, so those are topics i’ll be touching upon in this guide.
As the title says, this is a guide that requires NO programming skills, this is meant to be a guide towards beginners, and people that are having a rough time, like i was, two and a half years ago, before getting into this.
First of all, i recommend reading this guide through google docs, because i'm not too familiar with reddit's formatting, and i think this version just looks better:
Spanish version:
Now, without further ado, let’s dive right into this.
What type of work can you expect to find?
There are actually a few types of jobs that you can easily find without any specific skill, for example, translations, lead generation, data entry, transcriptions, writing articles, and even being a virtual assistant. This list could go on and on, but i’ll just give you a couple websites where you can find these types of work, and you can go figure out what’s best for you.
Where to find work?
Most of the freelance work i've done it's been through two major websites, so i'll talk a little bit about them and about my experience with each.
Spare5 ( is the crowdworking website that got me into this, . This is basically a crowdworking website where you’ll be reviewing different images, annotating and drawing different polygons to help train AI to identify everyday objects.
Getting started in this page is the hardest part, but i’d say it’s just as hard as it was back in 2017 when i started.
You’ll first have to complete every tutorial, then move on to the qualifiers and onto paid tasks (be sure that you understand every task before diving into them, because if you don’t perform well on your paid tasks, they’ll be taken away from you, and you might even get permanently banned).
The minimum payment is $1, and the payment method that they use is PayPal, you don’t need to have a verified Paypal account, and you WILL NOT get your account limited by just receiving money from this page.
Like i said, the hardest part of this page is to get started, as tasks will be scarce, so try not to make any mistakes, and do every task as best as you can, this will guarantee that they give you even more tasks, and eventually, you’ll be assigned permanent tasks, and your dashboard will look something like this: , as you notice, the payment for each task is really low but don’t get discouraged, you’ll want to find one that is easy to do, and that you can memorize the instructions, i’ve made up to $20 in just a couple of hours, out of easy tasks that paid 0.2c each. Of course, you’ll need practice, Practice makes perfect.
I have NOT been working on this page lately, because the payment per tasks has been diminished, and tasks only get more and more complicated to complete.
Next, is Reddit, more specifically, the subreddit where i’ve found most of my freelancing jobs, is /slavelabour , where people post any kind of job that they need done (Seriously, any, i’ve seen many kinds of crazy stuff going on there), along with a payment offer, and usually a method.
This one is pretty good, since you can find different kinds of work based on your skills, i’ve mostly done data entry types of jobs there, but there are many others easy for beginners, you just have to keep an eye out for when any potential job gets posted.
Other similar subreddits that i frequent, but aren’t as active as /slavelabour are: /Jobs4Bitcoins/ , /WorkOnline/ /ForHire/ Follow the same advice that i will give for /slavelabour , as these work similarly.
Those are the main two websites where i've worked at for the past two years, there are some others that i know of, but since i haven't used them, i don't know how they work.
Now, let's talk a little bit about payment methods, and what are some good options for receiving your money once you've got yourself some gigs.
Payment methods:
Now that you know what are some good places to get started, let's talk about what's the best place to receive your payments, and keep your money safe. I’ll take about the few methods that i’ve used myself, such as PayPal, Uphold, AirTM, and most recently, Cryptos.
Where to receive your payments?
Uphold is another cloud based financial services platform, similar to PayPal, and with similar fees. The good thing about this platform, is that you can exchange your funds from USD to Crypto, and many other currencies, at the cost of a relatively small fee.
I haven’t used this method too much myself, as i used this mainly for it’s Virtual Credit Card feature, which is temporarily not available.
AirTM is an e-wallet where you can keep your money, and exchange it to other currency, or buy USD with your local money, all in the same platform.
Out of all the options i'm going to list for payment methods, this is my least favorite, as the fees are incredibly high, and in my opinion, what this website provides isn't worth it.
I haven’t had much experience with AirTM, as the fees are ridiculous, but i’ve used it and i’ll share my experiences.
Finally, Cryptocurrencies, i’ve only started using this method recently, and i can already say, this is my favorite so far, and the method i’ll mainly use from now onwards, as this has proven to be really easy to set up, and in my opinion, the best option for receiving payments, as you’ll pay minimum fees for your transactions, keep your identity safe, and the exchange rate to Venezuela’s currency is really good.
I’d say there is no downside to receiving your payments here, as even if you were worried by the Crypto’s price dropping, you could easily use a third party website to exchange your Crypto, to USD in any other platform you’d like.
The cryptocurrencies that i’ve used are Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH), all of the transactions that i’ve done haven’t taken longer than 30 minutes, with the exception of using SideshiftAI to exchange my BCH into BTC, which took about an hour. Setting up a wallet for these is rather easy, however here’s a quick guide for BTC and BCH. .
Also, another point in Crypto’s favor, is that some stores have begun accepting cryptos as a payment method, there’s an app in the Google Play Store named “CryptoLugaresVE” With a list of places accepting crypto as a payment method.
Finally, i’ll talk a little bit about the couple websites that you can use to safely exchange money from USD, to Venezuela’s currency. Other than these, you’d have to find someone of your trust to exchange your currency.
Where to safely exchange your earnings to Venezuela’s currency?
That’s it for now, I’ll probably update the guide as i learn more and try out new stuff, as well as with your feedback. I just want to thank u/justgord for giving me the opportunity to share all of this with you guys!
Hola Reddit! Mi nombre es LinkToU, y u/justgord me comisionó para compartir con ustedes mi experiencia trabajando como freelancer en Venezuela.
He visto un montón de posts de gente pidiendo consejos para comenzar, cuáles son las mejores plataformas para recibir dinero, y cosas así, así que esos serán los temas que trataré en esta guía para principiantes.
Como dice el título, esta es una guía para personas que no tienen conocimiento de programación, sólo necesitarán un buen conocimiento de Inglés.
Recomiendo leer esta guía a través de google docs, ya que no estoy muy familiarizado con el formatting de reddit, y creo que esta versión es más fácil de leer:
Versión en inglés:
Bueno, sin más que contar, comencemos.
¿Qué tipo de trabajo se puede encontrar?
Hay varios tipos de trabajos que puedes realizar sin tener ningún tipo de conocimiento específico, por ejemplo, “lead generation”, registro de data, transcripciones, escritor de artículos, o incluso asistente virtual. Podría seguir nombrando tipos de trabajo, pero lo mejor será que les diga algunos lugares para encontrar trabajo, y que ustedes decidan qué es lo mejor.
¿Dónde puedes encontrar trabajo?
He trabajado principalmente a través de dos sitios web, así que hablaré un poco de mi experience en cada uno de ellos.
Spare5 ( es el sitio web de “crowdworking” con el que comencé a trabajar, hace dos años. Básicamente, estarás revisando diferentes imágenes, anotando y delineando diferentes objetos para ayudar a entrenar inteligencia artificial a identificar dichos objetos.
Diría que lo más difícil, es comenzar en esta página, pero no es mucho más difícil que en el 2017, cuando yo comencé, así que aún es posible.
Lo primero que tendrás que hacer, será completar los tutoriales, que te darán acceso a algunos calificadores, que determinarán si estás listo o no para tareas pagas (asegúrate de comprender bien cada una de las tareas, antes de comenzar a hacerlas, ya que si no las haces bien, te las quitarán y te podrían banear permanentemente.)
El mínimo de pago es $1, pagado a través de PayPal, no hace falta tener una cuenta de PayPal verificada, y recibir fondos de esta página NO hará que tu cuenta de PayPal sea bloqueada.
Como dije antes, lo más difícil de esta página es comenzar, al principio las tareas serán escasas, así que asegúrate de hacerlas bien, ya que esa es la única manera de garantizar que te seguirán enviando tareas. Eventualmente, te darán tareas fijas, y tu panel principal se verá algo así . El pago por cada tarea es bajo, pero lo importante es encontrar una cuál sea fácil y memorizar las instrucciones. Yo he hecho hasta $20 en un par de horas, con tareas fáciles que pagaban 0.2c cada una. Sólo hace falta práctica.
Últimamente no he trabajado en esta página, ya que la paga por las tareas ha disminuido, y sólo son más difíciles de hacer cada vez.
  • Ventajas de Spare5:
    • Tu pago está asegurado en esta página (A menos que te baneen por hacer las tareas mal), e incluso si tu cuenta de PayPal es bloqueada, puedes reembolsar el dinero que te hayan pagado a tu cuenta de Spare5 (Nunca lo he hecho, pero sé que se puede hacer, y el equipo de soporte de Spare5 también te asiste en esto.)
    • La cantidad de tareas que tienes disponibles se basa en tu desempeño en tareas previas del mismo tipo, así que si las haces bien, garantizas tener trabajo siempre que haya alguno disponible.
    • Hay algunas tareas que son fáciles de hacer, y pagan bien, he ganado hasta $50 en una noche solo con tareas que pagaban 0.2c cada una.
    • Tus ganancias en esta página no vienen solamente de las tareas, hay un sistema de referidos que te paga un 20% de los primeros $100 que cada uno de tus referidos gane, y ellos recibirán 10% más de sus primeros $100, sólamente por usar tu código de referido.
    • Una vez tengas suficiente experiencia en esta página, puede que el equipo de Spare5 se comunique contigo personalmente para que pruebes nuevas características que piensan añadir a la página principal, o simplemente para entrevistarte y pedirte tu opinión sobre ciertas cosas. En cualquiera de estos casos, te pagarían por tu tiempo, mucho más de lo que ganarías normalmente haciendo tareas. También existe una posición de moderador de los foros, en la cuál he escuchado que te pagan basado en la cantidad de personas que has ayudado, una vez tienes el rol de moderador.
  • Desventajas de Spare5:
    • Ya que hay un número limitado de tareas, habrá tiempos donde no habrá ninguna disponible, incluso si tienes una gran cantidad de experiencia en la página, hay ciertas épocas del año en las que simplemente no hay tareas disponibles (Usualmente, en Enero). Esto es lo que hizo que dejara esta página, y buscara una manera más consistente de generar ingresos.
    • Hay que leer un montón de instrucciones para completar cualquier tarea, y una vez termines de leerlas, puede que tengas que elegir otra diferente, debido a que la tarea que ibas a hacer ya no está disponible.
    • Estás sujeto a la revisión de otros usuarios, lo que significa que aunque completes la tarea perfectamente, si la persona que te revisa comete un error, serás castigado por eso. Incluso si tú revisas la tarea, la manera que ellos utilizan para determinar si una tarea está bien o mal, se basa en la media de los usuarios que la marcaron como correcta o incorrecta, así que si tu estás en la minoría, serás castigado por eso nuevamente.
  • Mis recomendaciones para Spare5
    • Tómate tu tiempo y lee cada una de las instrucciones. Si te banean por hacer las tareas mal, serás vetado permanentemente de este sitio web.
    • Si estás inseguro sobre qué hacer en un caso específico, pregúntale a la comunidad.
    • Si luego de leer las instrucciones, y pedirle consejo a la comunidad, sigues inseguro, omite la imagen.
    • No dudes en omitir las imágenes, no tiene ninguna consecuencia negativa, debes ver el botón de “Omitir”, como una herramienta cualquiera.
Lo siguiente, es Reddit, más específicamente, el subreddit donde encuentro usualmente trabajo de freelance es /slavelabour , dónde las personas publican cualquier tipo de trabajo que necesiten sea completado, junto con un método de pago, y una oferta, para encontrar a alguna persona dispuesta a hacerlo.
Esta opción es especialmente buena, ya que puedes encontrar muchos tipos de trabajo, dependiendo de tus cualificaciones. Yo he hecho mayormente trabajos de registro de data, pero hay muchas otras opciones fáciles para comenzar, sólo hay que estar pendiente de cuando puedan ser publicadas nuevas oportunidades.
Otros subreddits similares que frecuento pero no son tan activos como /slavelabour son: /Jobs4Bitcoins/ , /WorkOnline/ , /ForHire/ Sigan los mismos consejos que daré para /slavelabour , ya que estos funcionan de manera similar.
  • Ventajas del subreddit /slavelabour y otros similares.
    • Diversidad de trabajos dependiendo de tus habilidades.
    • Oportunidad de encontrar posiciones permanentes.
    • Puedes hablar directamente con la persona que está contratando y discutir el método de pago de tu preferencia.
    • Gran cantidad de oportunidades de trabajo.
    • Trabajos simples.
  • Desventajas del subreddit /slavelabour y otros similares
    • Debes cuidarte de posibles estafadores.
    • Se necesita un mínimo de actividad en tu cuenta de reddit para participar en estos subreddits.
    • Las pagas son bajas, por lo general.
    • Hay una gran demanda para cada oferta de trabajo, así que hay que ser rápido, y saber la mejor manera de venderse a sí mismo como candidato.
  • Mis recomendaciones para estos subreddits.
    • Si algo se ve demasiado bueno para ser verdad, probablemente lo sea.
    • Pide tu pago por adelantado, y construye una buena reputación en la comunidad.
    • Si piensas trabajar para alguien, revisa su perfil, y si algo se ve fuera de lugar, no arriesges perder tu tiempo y ser estafado.
Métodos de pago:
Ahora que saben cuáles son algunos buenos lugares para empezar a conseguir trabajo, les hablaré sobre cuáles son las mejores plataformas de pago para recibir dinero, y mantenerlo seguro. Hablaré sólo de los que he usado, como PayPal, Uphold, AirTM, y recientemente, Criptomonedas.
¿Dónde recibir tus pagos?
  • PayPal es la manera más fácil de recibir y enviar dinero, con comisiones aceptables, y también es la más fácil de comenzar a usar.
    Igualmente, tu dinero no está 100% seguro en PayPal, ya que tu cuenta podría ser limitada y tu saldo retenido hasta que puedas probar que no estás recibiendo fondos de ninguna actividad ilícita, o invirtiendo en alguna. Esto último es difícil de probar, ya que vender fondos de PayPal en Dólares(USD), a cambio de la moneda Venezolana (Bs), es ilegal.
    Si planeas usar PayPal, recomiendo que verifiques tu cuenta con una tarjeta de crédito bajo tu nombre. Usar una tarjeta de crédito virtual, va contra los TDS de PayPal, yo igualmente usé una (Y no he tenido ningún problema), ya que no hay muchas opciones en Venezuela, debido a que es prácticamente imposible conseguir una tarjeta de crédito
    • Ventajas de usar PayPal
      • Es fácil de comenzar a usar, y enviarecibir dinero también es fácil. Es el método de pago más usado para trabajos de freelance.
      • Cambiar dinero de tu cuenta de PayPal a la moneda de Venezuela es fácil, ya que los compradores son fáciles de encontrar.
      • Puedes reembolsar tu dinero en caso de que seas estafado al intentar vender tu saldo PayPal.
      • Hay ciertas páginas web, y métodos que garantizan tu seguridad y la de tu cuenta PayPal al realizar ventas de tu saldo PayPal.
      • Puedes retirar tu dinero de PayPal, a una cuenta bancaria en dólares (o dependiendo de la moneda) de algún país extranjero, con comisiones mínimas.
      • Puedes usar tu balance de PayPal para comprar en ciertos sitios web, como Wish, Ebay, u otros.
    • Desventajas de usar PayPal
      • Las comisiones son altas comparadas a otras plataformas de pago.
      • Debes verificar tu cuenta para proteger tu dinero, y algunos compradores sólo adquieren saldo de cuentas verificadas.
      • El servicio al cliente de PayPal no es muy útil, o comprensivo cuando intentas recuperar una cuenta limitada.
      • Puede que algunos estafadores intenten reembolsar el dinero que te enviaron luego de que terminas el trabajo, y tendrás que disputar su reembolso.
      • Existe la posibilidad de que tu cuenta sea límitada (aunque nunca me ha sucedido).
    • Mis recomendaciones para usar PayPal
      • Primero que nada, verifica tu cuenta, esto hará las cosas mucho más fáciles para tí, y podrás usar tu balance de PayPal para comprar en eStores.
      • No envíes ni recibas pequeñas cantidades de dinero de otras personas, yo personalmente evito recibir cantidades menores a $5, y no acepto ninguna cantidad menor a $1.
      • Realiza tus cambios sólo con personas en las que confíes, busca referencias de personas que conozcas, y no confíes en extraños. Tener un comprador fijo es la mejor manera de mantener tu dinero seguro, aunque no siempre ofrecen el mejor precio.
      • Evita los reembolsos y las disputas, ya que eso atraerá atención no deseada a tu cuenta de PayPal. Es mejor perder $10 por un estafador, que todo el saldo de tu cuenta por un bloqueo.
  • Uphold es otra plataforma similar a paypal, con comisiones similares.
    El punto a favor de esta plataforma, es que puedes intercambiar tus fondos de USD, a muchas otras criptomonedas, u otra moneda extranjera, al costo de una comisión relativamente pequeña.
    No he usado mucho este método, lo utilizaba principalmente por la función de crear una tarjeta de crédito virtual, pero esta está temporalmente desactivada.
    • Ventajas de usar Uphold
      • Puedes intercambiar tu saldo de USD a otra moneda, o incluso criptomonedas, fácilmente.
      • En el futuro, es posible que vuelva la función de crear una tarjeta de crédito virtual.
      • No tiene el problema de limitación de PayPal.
      • No es difícil de usar.
      • Las comisiones no son muy altas.
      • Aunque no muchas personas usen Uphold, puedes recibir pagos en criptomonedas aquí.
    • Desventajas de usar Uphold
      • En mi experiencia, las transacciones con criptomonedas tardan horas en ser confirmadas.
      • Configurar tu cuenta para comenzar a utilizar Uphold no es tan fácil como en otras opciones.
  • AirTM es una billetera electrónica donde puedes guardar tu dinero, e intercambiarlo a otras monedas, o incluso comprar monedas extranjeras con tu moneda local, todo en la misma plataforma.
    No he utilizado mucho esta plataforma, debido a que las comisiones son ridículamente altas, pero siempre la he visto como una especie de plan de contingencia, en caso de que necesite dinero, y no haya ninguna otra opción disponible.
    • Ventajas de usar AirTM
      • Puedes recibir dinero, y encontrar compradores en una misma plataforma.
      • Tiene todas las herramientas necesarias para cambiar tu dinero 100% seguro.
      • Es la opción más fácil en términos de pasar de recibir dinero a cambiarlo a otras monedas.
    • Desventajas de usar AirTM:
      • Las comisione son extremadamente altas.
      • No es tan fácil configurar tu cuenta, y tomará algo de tiempo acostumbrarte a usar esta plataforma.
      • Pide un montón de cosas para verificar tu identidad.
      • El gobierno de Venezuela ha bloqueado previamente esta plataforma, y dijo estar “buscando a todos los delincuentes vinculados a esta página criminal”.
  • Finalmente, Criptomonedas, empecé a usar este método de pago recientemente, pero hasta ahora, es mi favorito, y probablemente sea el que utilice de ahora en adelante para recibir mis pagos, ya que es fácil de configurar, y en mi opinión, la mejor forma de recibir pagos, ya que cuenta con las comisiones más bajas por transacción, mantiene tu identidad segura, y el ratio de intercambio de criptomoneda a moneda venezolana es bueno.
    Diría que no hay ninguna desventaja a recibir tus pagos en criptomonedas, ya que incluso si te preocupa que el precio de la criptomoneda baje, puedes usar un sitio web de algún tercero para cambiar tus criptomonedas a cualquier otra plataforma de tu preferencia, a un buen precio.
    Las criptomonedas que he utilizado son Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Bitcoin (BTC) y Ethereum (ETH), todas las transacciones que he realizado no han tardado más de 30 minutos en completarse, con la excepción de cuando usé SideshiftAI para cambiar mi saldo BCH a BTC, y aún en ese caso, tardó cerca de una hora.
    Crear una billetera es fácil, igualmente, aquí hay una guía para comenzar en BTC y BCH.
    Otro punto en el favor de las criptomonedas, es que algunas tiendas en Venezuela han comenzado a aceptar estas como método de pago, hay una app en la Google Play Store llamada “CryptoLugaresVE” Con una lista de lugares que aceptan criptomonedas como forma de pago.
    • Ventajas de Usar Criptomonedas:
      • Las comisiones son extremadamente bajas
      • Anónimo.
      • Buen ratio de cambio a otras monedas.
      • Fácil de usar
      • Puedes ganar dinero potencialmente, si la criptomoneda que usas aumenta en precio.
      • Puedes usarla como método de pago en muchas tiendas virtuales, y algunas tiendas de Venezuela.
      • No es posible reembolsar pagos que te hayan enviado.
    • Desventajas de usar Criptomonedas
      • Puedes perder dinero si la criptomoneda que usas pierde valor.
      • No puedes reembolsar tus pagos.
      • Las transacciones pueden tardar un montón de tiempo en completarse.
      • Debido a la volatilidad del precio de las criptomonedas, no es buena opción para guardar tus ahorros.
    • Mis recomendaciones para usar Criptomonedas
      • No guardes dinero que no puedes perder en criptomonedas, así, si el precio baja, no perderás mucho.
      • Intercambia tus criptomonedas sólo con compradores confiables, o utiliza algún sitio web de terceros que asegure tu dinero.
      • Cambia la dirección de tu billetera luego de cada transacción.
Por último, hablaré sobre un par de sitios web donde pueden intercambiar dinero de dólares, a la moneda local venezolana. Aparte de estos, existen otros sitios webs de confianza, y siempre está la posibilidad de encontrar una persona de confianza para realizar todos sus cambios de USD - Bs.
  • ¿Dónde puedo cambiar mis ganancias de forma segura a la moneda local de Venezuela?
    • Appbb ( es una tienda virtual que también compra saldo de diferentes plataformas (Payoneer, Uphold, Paypal, Criptos, etc.), y aunque no tienen las mejores tasas, son una opción confiable, segura y buena.
      Lo malo de esta página es que tienen una cantidad limitada de cupos por día, así que tendrán que esperar a que la tienda abra cada día, y agarrar su cupo rápidamente.
      No he usado esta tienda en algún tiempo, sé que han cambiado un par de cosas y ya no estoy tan seguro de cómo funciona, pero pueden escribir directamente a su página de facebook y su equipo de soporte siempre está atento allí.
    • Localbitcoins ( es un sitio web de intercambios donde puedes vender o comprar bitcoins de diferentes usuarios de forma segura. Este sitio web solo funciona para vender Bitcoins, pero es posible comprar bitcoins con dinero de cualquier otra plataforma, con una buena tasa, para luego venderlos.
    • Foro-Ptc ( es un foro dedicado a generar ganancias online, hay muchos recursos interesantes aquí que les recomiendo lean, pero más importante, hay una sección completa dedicada a la venta y compra de dólares por la moneda local.
      Hace falta una cuenta con 30 días de antigüedad, y algunos posts antes de poder enviar mensajes privados a cualquier persona, pero hay algunos vendedores designados a quienes podrás enviar mensajes sin importar la antigüedad de tu cuenta, con quienes podrás hacer intercambios sin tener que esperar.
Eso es todo por ahora, probablemente siga actualizando la guía mediante vaya aprendiendo nuevas cosas, o con sus recomendaciones. Sólo quiero agradecerle a u/Justgord por darme la oportunidad para compartir todo esto con ustedes!
submitted by LinkToU to vzla [link] [comments]

2019.01.08 03:21 jhung86 Add to Cart and Product Description has Disappeared on my product pages after Zoom Magic was installed

Hi I installed Zoom Magic, and uninstalled it on Shopify.
Now all descriptions and cart payments of my product pages have disappeared! I tried a installing a different theme "Debut" which had a inbuilt zoom function. This seems to work.. but I am afraid there are some Zoom Magic App residual code which could cause issues in the future
How do I fix this problem? Is there a way to revert to an older version? below is the product.quide code...
----------Code starts below:

{% case section.settings.add_to_cart_width %}
{% when 'small' %}
{%- assign btn_class = 'btn--wide' -%}
{%- assign productform_class = 'product-form--wide' -%}
{% when 'medium' %}
{%- assign btn_class = 'btn--wide' -%}
{%- assign productform_class = 'product-form--wide' -%}
{% when 'large' %}
{%- assign btn_class = 'btn--full' -%}
{%- assign productform_class = 'product-form--full' -%}
{% endcase %}

{% if section.settings.add_to_cart_width != 'small' %}

{% endif %}

{% include 'breadcrumb' %}

{% if section.settings.product_thumbnails_position == 'below' or product.images.size < 2 %}

{% assign featured_image = product.selected_or_first_available_variant.featured_image default: product.featured_image %}

{% for image in product.images %}
{% capture img_id %}ProductImage-{{ }}{% endcapture %}
{% capture img_wrapper_id %}ProductImageWrapper-{{ }}{% endcapture %}
{%- assign img_url = image img_url: '1x1' replace: '_1x1.', '_{width}x.' -%}
{% include 'image-style' with image: image, small_style: false, width: 700, height: 1024, wrapper_id: img_wrapper_id, img_id: img_id %}

class="product-single__image lazyload{% unless featured_image == image %} lazypreload{% endunless %}"
{% if featured_image == image %}src="{{ image img_url: '300x300' }}"{% endif %}
data-src="{{ img_url }}"
data-widths="[180, 370, 540, 740, 900, 1080, 1296, 1512, 1728, 2048]"
data-aspectratio="{{ image.aspect_ratio }}"
{% if section.settings.product_image_zoom_type == 'zoom-in' %} data-zoom="{{ image img_url: '1024x1024', scale: 2 }}"{% endif %}
alt="{{ image.alt escape }}">

{% endfor %}

{% if product.images.size > 1 %}

    {% for image in product.images %}

  • {{ image.alt escape }}

  • {% endfor %}

{% endif %}

{% else %}

{% assign featured_image = product.selected_or_first_available_variant.featured_image default: product.featured_image %}

{% for image in product.images %}
{% capture img_id %}ProductImage-{{ }}{% endcapture %}
{% capture img_wrapper_id %}ProductImageWrapper-{{ }}{% endcapture %}
{%- assign img_url = image img_url: '1x1' replace: '_1x1.', '_{width}x.' -%}
{% include 'image-style' with image: image, small_style: false, width: 700, height: 1024, wrapper_id: img_wrapper_id, img_id: img_id %}

class="product-single__image lazyload{% unless featured_image == image %} lazypreload{% endunless %}"
{% if featured_image == image %}src="{{ image img_url: '300x300' }}"{% endif %}
data-src="{{ img_url }}"
data-widths="[180, 370, 540, 740, 900, 1080, 1296, 1512, 1728, 2048]"
data-aspectratio="{{ image.aspect_ratio }}"
{% if section.settings.product_image_zoom_type == 'zoom-in' %} data-zoom="{{ image img_url: '1024x1024', scale: 2 }}"{% endif %}
alt="{{ image.alt escape }}">

{% else %}
{{ featured\_image.alt escape }}
{% endfor %}

    {% for image in product.images %}

  • {{ image.alt escape }}

  • {% endfor %}

{% endif %}

{% if section.settings.product_image_zoom_type == 'lightbox' %}

{% endif %}

{% if section.settings.product_vendor_enable %}
{{ product.vendor }}
{% endif %}

{{ product.title }}

{% assign variant = product.selected_or_first_available_variant %}

{{ 'products.product.regular_price' t }}

{{ product.price money }}

{% if product.compare_at_price > product.price %}
{{ 'products.product.sale_price' t }}

{{ product.compare_at_price_max money }}

{% else %}

{{ product.compare_at_price_max money }}

{% endif %}

{%- if shop.taxes_included or shop.shipping_policy.body != blank -%}

{%- if shop.taxes_included -%}
{{ 'products.general.include_taxes' t }}
{%- endif -%}
{%- if shop.shipping_policy.body != blank -%}
{{ 'products.general.shipping_policy_html' t: link: shop.shipping_policy.url }}
{%- endif -%}

{%- endif -%}

{% form 'product', product, class:productform_class %}

{% if section.settings.enable_payment_button %}
{{ form payment_button }}
{% endif %}
{% endform %}

{% unless section.settings.show_extra_tab == false or pages[section.settings.extra_tab_content] == empty %}

{{ product.description }}

{{ pages[section.settings.extra_tab_content].content }}

{% else %}

{{ product.description }}

{% endunless %}

{% if section.settings.social_sharing %}

{{ 'products.general.share_title' t }}

{% include 'social-sharing' %}
{% endif %}

{% if section.settings.product_related_enable %}
{% include 'related-products' %}
{% endif %}

{% unless product == empty %}

{% endunless %}

{% schema %}
"name": {
"de": "Produktseiten",
"en": "Product pages",
"es": "Páginas de productos",
"fr": "Pages de produits",
"it": "Pagine di prodotto",
"ja": "商品ページ",
"pt-BR": "Páginas de produtos"
"settings": [
"type": "checkbox",
"id": "product_vendor_enable",
"label": {
"de": "Produktverkäufer anzeigen",
"en": "Show product vendor",
"es": "Mostrar proveedor del producto",
"fr": "Afficher le distributeur du produit",
"it": "Mostra fornitore prodotto",
"ja": "商品の販売元を表示する",
"pt-BR": "Exibir o fornecedor do produto"
"type": "checkbox",
"id": "product_quantity_enable",
"label": {
"de": "Quantitäts-Auswahl anzeigen",
"en": "Show quantity selector",
"es": "Mostrar selector de cantidad",
"fr": "Afficher le sélecteur de quantité",
"it": "Mostra selettore quantità",
"ja": "数量セレクターを表示する",
"pt-BR": "Exibir seletor de quantidade"
"type": "select",
"id": "product_image_zoom_type",
"label": {
"de": "Bildzoomtyp",
"en": "Image zoom type",
"es": "Tipo de zoom de imagen",
"fr": "Type de zoom sur image",
"it": "Tipo di zoom immagine",
"ja": "画像のズームタイプ",
"pt-BR": "Tipo de zoom da imagem"
"options": [
"value": "lightbox",
"label": {
"de": "Leuchtkasten",
"en": "Lightbox",
"es": "Lightbox",
"fr": "Visionneuse d'image",
"it": "Lightbox",
"ja": "Lightbox",
"pt-BR": "Lightbox"
"value": "zoom-in",
"label": {
"de": "Heranzoomen",
"en": "Zoom-in",
"es": "Acercar",
"fr": "Zoom avant",
"it": "Zoom avanti",
"ja": "ズームイン",
"pt-BR": "Mais zoom"
"value": "no-zoom",
"label": {
"de": "Nicht zoomen",
"en": "No zoom",
"es": "Sin zoom",
"fr": "Pas de zoom",
"it": "Nessun zoom",
"ja": "ズームなし",
"pt-BR": "Sem zoom"
"type": "select",
"id": "product_thumbnails_position",
"label": {
"de": "Position der Miniaturansicht des Produkts",
"en": "Product thumbnail position",
"es": "Posición de imagen miniatura del producto",
"fr": "Position de la vignette du produit",
"it": "Posizione anteprima prodotto",
"ja": "商品サムネイルの位置",
"pt-BR": "Posição da miniatura de produto"
"options": [
"value": "right",
"label": {
"de": "Rechts vom Hauptbild",
"en": "Right of main image",
"es": "A la derecha de la imagen principal",
"fr": "À droite de l'image principale",
"it": "A destra dell'immagine principale",
"ja": "メイン画像の右",
"pt-BR": "À direita da imagem principal"
"value": "below",
"label": {
"de": "Unter dem Hauptbild",
"en": "Below main image",
"es": "Debajo de la imagen principal",
"fr": "Sous l'image principale",
"it": "Sotto l'immagine principale",
"ja": "メイン画像の下",
"pt-BR": "Abaixo da imagem principal"
"type": "header",
"content": {
"de": "Beschreibung",
"en": "Description",
"es": "Descripción",
"fr": "Description",
"it": "Descrizione",
"ja": "説明",
"pt-BR": "Descrição"
"type": "checkbox",
"id": "show_extra_tab",
"label": {
"de": "Ein Tab neben Ihrer Produktbeschreibung anzeigen",
"en": "Show a tab next to your product description",
"es": "Mostrar una pestaña al lado de la descripción de tu producto",
"fr": "Afficher un onglet en regard de la description de votre produit",
"it": "Mostra una scheda accanto alla descrizione del prodotto",
"ja": "商品説明の横にタブを表示する",
"pt-BR": "Exibir uma guia ao lado da descrição do seu produto"
"default": false
"type": "page",
"id": "extra_tab_content",
"label": {
"de": "Tab-Inhalt",
"en": "Tab content",
"es": "Contenido de la pestaña",
"fr": "Contenu de l'onglet",
"it": "Contenuto della scheda",
"ja": "タブのコンテンツ",
"pt-BR": "Conteúdo da guia"
"info": {
"de": "Der Inhalt dieser Seite wird auf der zusätzlichen Registerkarte angezeigt.",
"en": "This page content will appear in the extra tab.",
"es": "El contenido de esta página aparecerá en la pestaña adicional.",
"fr": "Le contenu de cette page s'affichera dans l'onglet supplémentaire.",
"it": "Il contenuto di questa pagina verrà visualizzato nella scheda aggiuntiva.",
"ja": "このページのコンテンツは追加のタブに表示されます。",
"pt-BR": "O conteúdo dessa página aparecerá na guia extra."
"type": "checkbox",
"id": "social_sharing",
"label": {
"de": "Teilen von Produkten aktivieren",
"en": "Enable product sharing",
"es": "Habilitar compartir productos",
"fr": "Activer le partage de produits",
"it": "Permetti condivisione del prodotto",
"ja": "商品の共有を有効にする",
"pt-BR": "Habilite o compartilhamento de produtos"
"type": "header",
"content": {
"de": "Ähnliche Produkte",
"en": "Related products",
"es": "Productos relacionados",
"fr": "Produits associés",
"it": "Prodotti simili",
"ja": "関連商品",
"pt-BR": "Produtos relacionados"
"type": "checkbox",
"id": "product_related_enable",
"label": {
"de": "Ähnliche Produkte aktivieren",
"en": "Enable related products",
"es": "Habilitar productos relacionados",
"fr": "Activer les produits associés",
"it": "Abilita prodotti simili",
"ja": "関連商品を有効にする",
"pt-BR": "Ativar produtos relacionados"
"type": "checkbox",
"id": "vendor_enable",
"label": {
"de": "Lieferanten anzeigen",
"en": "Show vendor",
"es": "Mostrar proveedor",
"fr": "Afficher le distributeur",
"it": "Mostra fornitore",
"ja": "販売元を表示する",
"pt-BR": "Exibir fornecedor"
"type": "checkbox",
"id": "show_sale_circle",
"label": {
"de": "Kreis für Sonderangebot anzeigen",
"en": "Show sale circle",
"es": "Mostrar el círculo oferta",
"fr": "Afficher la vignette réduction",
"it": "Mostra cerchio \"In Offerta\"",
"ja": "丸で囲んだセールを表示する",
"pt-BR": "Exibir círculo de oferta"
"type": "checkbox",
"id": "show_sold_out_circle",
"label": {
"de": "Kreis für ausverkaufte Produkte anzeigen",
"en": "Show sold out circle",
"es": "Mostrar el círculo agotado",
"fr": "Afficher la vignette épuisé",
"it": "Mostra cerchio \"Esaurito\"",
"ja": "丸で囲んだ売り切れを表示する",
"pt-BR": "Exibir círculo de esgotado"
"type": "checkbox",
"id": "center_grid_link",
"label": {
"de": "Text unter Produktbildern zentrieren",
"en": "Center text below product images",
"es": "Centrar el texto debajo de las imágenes del producto",
"fr": "Centrer le texte sous les images des produits",
"it": "Centra il testo sotto le immagini di prodotto",
"ja": "商品画像下のテキストを中央に寄せる",
"pt-BR": "Centralizar texto abaixo das imagens do produto"
"type": "header",
"content": {
"de": "Produktoptionsformular",
"en": "Product options form",
"es": "Formulario de opciones de producto",
"fr": "Formulaire d'options de produit",
"it": "Modulo delle opzioni di prodotto",
"ja": "商品オプションのフォーム",
"pt-BR": "Formulário de opções de produtos"
"type": "checkbox",
"id": "enable_payment_button",
"label": {
"de": "Dynamischen Checkout Button anzeigen",
"en": "Show dynamic checkout button",
"es": "Mostrar botón de pago dinámico",
"fr": "Afficher le bouton de passage à la caisse dynamique",
"it": "Mostra pulsante di check-out dinamico",
"ja": "ダイナミックチェックアウトボタンを表示する",
"pt-BR": "Exibir botão dinâmico de checkout"
"info": {
"de": "Jeder Kunde sieht seine bevorzugte Zahlungsmethode aus den in Ihrem Shop verfügbaren Zahlungsmethoden wie PayPal oder Apple Pay. [Mehr Infos](",
"en": "Each customer will see their preferred payment method from those available on your store, such as PayPal or Apple Pay. [Learn more](",
"es": "Cada cliente verá su forma de pago preferida entre las disponibles en tu tienda, como PayPal o Apple Pay. [Más información](",
"fr": "Chaque client verra son moyen de paiement préféré parmi ceux qui sont proposés sur votre boutique, tels que PayPal ou Apple Pay. [En savoir plus](",
"it": "Ogni cliente vedrà il suo metodo di pagamento preferito tra quelli disponibili nel tuo negozio, come PayPal o Apple Pay. [Maggiori informazioni](",
"ja": "PayPalやApple Payなど、ストアで利用可能な希望の決済方法がお客様に表示されます。[もっと詳しく](",
"pt-BR": "Cada cliente verá seu método de pagamento preferido dentre os disponíveis na loja, como PayPal ou Apple Pay. [Saiba mais]("
"default": true
"type": "select",
"id": "add_to_cart_width",
"label": {
"de": "Variantenauswahl und Schaltflächengröße",
"en": "Variant picker and button size",
"es": "Selector de variantes y tamaño del botón",
"fr": "Sélecteur de variante et taille du bouton",
"it": "Dimensione selettore variante e pulsante",
"ja": "バリエーションピッカーとボタンサイズ",
"pt-BR": "Seletor de variantes e tamanho do botão"
"options": [
"value": "small",
"label": {
"de": "Klein",
"en": "Small",
"es": "Pequeño",
"fr": "Petite",
"it": "Small",
"ja": "小",
"pt-BR": "Pequeno"
"value": "medium",
"label": {
"de": "Mitte",
"en": "Medium",
"es": "Mediano",
"fr": "Moyenne",
"it": "Medium",
"ja": "中",
"pt-BR": "Médio"
"value": "large",
"label": {
"de": "Groß",
"en": "Large",
"es": "Grande",
"fr": "Grande",
"it": "Large",
"ja": "大",
"pt-BR": "Grande"
{% endschema %}

How do I prevent something like this from happening again - is there a way I can backup files without using apps?

submitted by jhung86 to shopify [link] [comments]

2018.06.27 19:09 Sincnations BM80 Iron chips Briquetting presses - Presa de brichetat span 19.03.201...

Contact: Cemal Sincar & Ing. Radu Bacila: +4071270891 - [email protected];
Presa prezentata in acest filmulet este livrata in Judetul Brasov – Romania – la data de 19.03.2015
BM 80, avand urmatoarele caracteristici:
• Forma brichetei: rotunda
• Diametrul brichetei: 80 mm
• Perioada unui ciclu: 10 la 14 sec
• Forta primului cilindru care preseaza: 3 tone
• Forta cilindrului principal care preseaza: 220 T
• Presiunea de lucru: 280 bari
• Puterea motorului(motor electric) : 90 Kw
• Dimensiunea masinii: 2200 mm x 2600 mm x 2800 mm (latime, inaltime, lungime)
• Greutatea masinii: 6.000 kg
• Detalii tehnice: &
EN language
The present chip briquetting machine was delivered to Brasov County – Romania at 19.03.2015
BM 80 Technical details:
Briquette diameter: Ø80 mm
Briquette shape: round / circle
Cycle time: 10-14 sec
Preliminary compression ram thrust: 3T
Main compression cylinder thrust: 100T
Maximum working pressure: 280 bar
Electric engine power: 30 kW
Machine dimensions: 2065x2780x2500 mm
Machine weight: 6.000 kg
3 + 1 spiral feeders fill the chamber of compression automatically
Ease of running with feeding conveyor and chrome plated
Hydraulic oil cooling system is installed
There is an automatic central lubrication system
Pumps and valves in the hydraulic system are PARKER or REXROTH
All electrical and electronic parts are SCHNEIDER or SIEMENS
Machine is fully automatic by PLC control. It is easy to use with the help of the touch screen
The machine is CE certificated
Other details on: &
Our You Tube channels for recycling machines and equipment’s:

Prese de brichetat span - Livrari in Romania By Liliane Trading International

Metal turnings crusher - Iron chips crusher - Tocator span By Sinc Nations

SSS1 Single shaft shredder for iron chips By Sinc Nations

Linii de brichetare span - Chip briquetting lines By Sinc Makina LTD ( Sinc Nations Brand) & Liliane Trading International SRL

Presa de brichetat span BM 80 / Briquetting press By Sinc Makina ( Sinc Nations )

Presa de brichetat span BM 80 / Briquetting press By Sinc Makina ( Sinc Nations )

Presa de brichetat span BM 80 / Briquetting press By Sinc Makina ( Sinc Nations )

BM100 - Briquetting press / Presa span By Liliane Trading International

BM 110 Prese de brichetat span / Metal turnings briquetting press By Liliane Trading International

BM 110 Prese de brichetat span / Metal turnings briquetting press By Liliane Trading International
BM120 - Metal turnings briquetting press - Presa span By Liliane Trading International
BM140 - Iron chips briquetting press - Presa de brichetat span By Sinc Nations
Tocator maruntitor span By Liliane Trading
Metal turnings separator - Separator span By Sinc Makina

DSSH 75 - Shredder / Tocator By Sinc Makina cu sita rotativa

Metal turnings centrifuge - Centrifuga span By Liliane Trading International

Metal turnings centrifuge - Centrifuga span By Liliane Trading International

Iron & aluminum chips centrifuge - Centrifuga span
Key words / Cuvinte cheie:
iron chips briquetting machine, aluminum chips briquetting presses, presa de brichetat span, , presa brichetare span de fier, presa de brichetat span aluminiu, span fier, span aluminiu, utilaj de brichetare span, presa de brichetat span de aluminiu, prese de brichetat span, Brichetare span, Iron chip briquetting machine, presa brichetoare, briquetting machine, iron chips briquetting , iron chips shredder, chips shredder, tocator span, tocator span de fier, chips breaker, iron chips chopper, shredder span aluminiu, shredder span de fier, spargator span, Aymas Makina, Sierra Europe, Sierra Europe Recucling LTD, lollini, Elkoplast, presa balotoare fier vechi, prese balotoare fier vechi, presa balotoare fer vechi, prese balotoare fer vechi, presa balotoare fier, prese balotoare fier, presa balotoare fer, prese balotoare fer, presa fier vechi, prese fier vechi, presa fer vechi, prese fer vechi, presa fier, prese fier, presa fer, prese fer, presa de balotat fier vechi, prese de balotat fier 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universal shredder, universal shredders, universal shreder, universal shreders, deseuri metalice, deseuri nemetalice, deseuri feroase, deseuri fieroase, deseuri neferoase, deseuri nefieroase, deseu metalic, deseu nemetalic, deseu feros, deseu fieros, deseu neferos, deseu nefieros, deseuri fer vechi, deseu fer vechi, deseuri fier vechi, deseu fier vechi, fer vechi, fier vechi, doze aluminiu, doza aluminiu, feroase industriale,
submitted by Sincnations to recycling [link] [comments]

2018.06.27 18:43 Sincnations Chips birquetting machines

Contact: Cemal Sincar & Ing. Radu Bacila: +4071270891 - [email protected];
Presa prezentata in acest filmulet este livrata in Judetul Brasov – Romania – la data de 19.03.2015
BM 80, avand urmatoarele caracteristici:
• Forma brichetei: rotunda
• Diametrul brichetei: 80 mm
• Perioada unui ciclu: 10 la 14 sec
• Forta primului cilindru care preseaza: 3 tone
• Forta cilindrului principal care preseaza: 220 T
• Presiunea de lucru: 280 bari
• Puterea motorului(motor electric) : 90 Kw
• Dimensiunea masinii: 2200 mm x 2600 mm x 2800 mm (latime, inaltime, lungime)
• Greutatea masinii: 6.000 kg
• Detalii tehnice: &
EN language
The present chip briquetting machine was delivered to Brasov County – Romania at 19.03.2015
BM 80 Technical details:
Briquette diameter: Ø80 mm
Briquette shape: round / circle
Cycle time: 10-14 sec
Preliminary compression ram thrust: 3T
Main compression cylinder thrust: 100T
Maximum working pressure: 280 bar
Electric engine power: 30 kW
Machine dimensions: 2065x2780x2500 mm
Machine weight: 6.000 kg
3 + 1 spiral feeders fill the chamber of compression automatically
Ease of running with feeding conveyor and chrome plated
Hydraulic oil cooling system is installed
There is an automatic central lubrication system
Pumps and valves in the hydraulic system are PARKER or REXROTH
All electrical and electronic parts are SCHNEIDER or SIEMENS
Machine is fully automatic by PLC control. It is easy to use with the help of the touch screen
The machine is CE certificated
Other details on: &
Our You Tube channels for recycling machines and equipment’s:

Prese de brichetat span - Livrari in Romania By Liliane Trading International

Metal turnings crusher - Iron chips crusher - Tocator span By Sinc Nations

SSS1 Single shaft shredder for iron chips By Sinc Nations

Linii de brichetare span - Chip briquetting lines By Sinc Makina LTD ( Sinc Nations Brand) & Liliane Trading International SRL

Presa de brichetat span BM 80 / Briquetting press By Sinc Makina ( Sinc Nations )

Presa de brichetat span BM 80 / Briquetting press By Sinc Makina ( Sinc Nations )

Presa de brichetat span BM 80 / Briquetting press By Sinc Makina ( Sinc Nations )

BM100 - Briquetting press / Presa span By Liliane Trading International

BM 110 Prese de brichetat span / Metal turnings briquetting press By Liliane Trading International

BM 110 Prese de brichetat span / Metal turnings briquetting press By Liliane Trading International
BM120 - Metal turnings briquetting press - Presa span By Liliane Trading International
BM140 - Iron chips briquetting press - Presa de brichetat span By Sinc Nations
Tocator maruntitor span By Liliane Trading
Metal turnings separator - Separator span By Sinc Makina

DSSH 75 - Shredder / Tocator By Sinc Makina cu sita rotativa

Metal turnings centrifuge - Centrifuga span By Liliane Trading International

Metal turnings centrifuge - Centrifuga span By Liliane Trading International

Iron & aluminum chips centrifuge - Centrifuga span
Key words / Cuvinte cheie:
iron chips briquetting machine, aluminum chips briquetting presses, presa de brichetat span, , presa brichetare span de fier, presa de brichetat span aluminiu, span fier, span aluminiu, utilaj de brichetare span, presa de brichetat span de aluminiu, prese de brichetat span, Brichetare span, Iron chip briquetting machine, presa brichetoare, briquetting machine, iron chips briquetting , iron chips shredder, chips shredder, tocator span, tocator span de fier, chips breaker, iron chips chopper, shredder span aluminiu, shredder span de fier, spargator span, Aymas Makina, Sierra Europe, Sierra Europe Recucling LTD, lollini, Elkoplast, presa balotoare fier vechi, prese balotoare fier vechi, presa balotoare fer vechi, prese balotoare fer vechi, presa balotoare fier, prese balotoare fier, presa balotoare fer, prese balotoare fer, presa fier vechi, prese fier vechi, presa fer vechi, prese fer vechi, presa fier, prese fier, presa fer, prese fer, presa de balotat fier vechi, prese de balotat fier vechi, presa de balotat fer vechi, prese de balotat fer vechi, presa de balotat fier, prese de balotat fier, presa de balotat fer, prese de balotat fer, presa pentru balotat fier vechi, prese pentru balotat fier vechi, presa pentru balotat fer vechi, prese pentru balotat fer vechi, presa pentru balotat fier, prese pentru balotat fier, presa pentru balotat fer, prese pentru balotat fer, presa ptr balotat fier vechi, prese ptr balotat fier vechi, presa ptr balotat fer vechi, prese ptr balotat fer vechi, presa ptr balotat fier, prese ptr balotat fier, presa ptr balotat fer, prese ptr balotat fer, presa balotoare deseuri feroase, prese balotoare deseuri feroase, presa balotoare deseu feros, prese balotoare deseu feros, presa deseuri feroase, prese deseuri feroase, presa deseu feros, prese deseu feros, presa de balotat deseuri feroase, prese de balotat deseuri feroase, presa de balotat deseu feros, prese de balotat deseu feros, presa pentru balotat deseuri feroase, prese pentru balotat deseuri feroase, presa pentru balotat deseu feros, prese pentru balotat deseu feros, presa ptr balotat deseuri feroase, prese ptr balotat deseuri feroase, presa ptr balotat deseu feros, prese ptr balotat deseu feros, presa balotoare foarfeca, prese balotoare foarfeca, presa balotoare mobila, prese balotoare mobila, presa balotoare semimobila, prese balotoare semimobila, presa stationara, prese stationara, presa foarfeca fier vechi, prese foarfeca fier vechi, presa foarfeca fer vechi, prese foarfeca fer vechi, presa foarfeca fier, prese foarfeca fier, presa foarfeca fer, prese foarfeca fer, foarfeca fier vechi, foarfeca fier vechi, foarfeca fer vechi, foarfeca fer vechi, foarfeca fier, foarfeca fier, foarfeca fer, foarfeca fer, presa foarfeca deseuri feroase, prese foarfeca deseuri feroase, presa foarfeca deseu feros, prese foarfeca deseu feros, foarfeca deseuri feroase, foarfeca deseuri feroase, foarfeca deseu feros, foarfeca deseu feros, shredder fier vechi, shreddere fier vechi, 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submitted by Sincnations to recycling [link] [comments]

2018.03.01 02:21 AvatarOfMomus An Inductive and Instructive Guide to all things Mag. [Long]

Mag - Tips, Tricks, and Builds

With the recent warframe buffs Mag has gotten some much needed and much appreciated (positive) attention from DE and I've noticed a lot of people giving her a fresh look. Personally I feel that Mag has been a criminally under-rated 'Frame for a long time now, but even I have to admit that she's never been the easiest frame to play and a lot of her mechanics are obtuse or confusing.
Thankfully the recent buffs made her much easier to play and build. Unfortunately they have, if anything, added to the confusion and obtuseness of her mechanics. Given this I'd like to try and she some light on Mag's quirks, how you can get the most out of her in her new buffed state, and share a few tips and tricks I've picked up.
This guide is intended for players of all skill levels. Let me know if you feel I've missed something.
This guide is also intended as a companion to Mag's Wiki entry on her abilities. There's some hard values and other info in there that's not in here. Keep in mind it still needs some updates from the recent patch.

A brief note on Magnetic Damage

Mag can't really be properly discussed without first discussing Magnetic damage. Every one of her abilities deals Magnetic damage in one way or another, and this is often held up as a reason Mag is a sub-par Warframe. Personally, I feel that this is not the case. While it's true that Magnetic Damage has no particularly strong bonuses, only dealing additional damage against Shields, it also has no particularly strong weaknesses either. The only health type that Magnetic damage is reduced against is Alloy Armor, which is one of the least common health types in the game, only being used by Bombards, Elite Lancers, Eviscerators, Napalm, Nox, Bursa and the corrupted variants of the aforementioned Grineer units, as well as some Bosses. More importantly however it's an armor health type which means it can be removed, as we'll see when we get into Mag's abilities.
That aside this means Magnetic Damage deals fairly consistently with enemies of all types and factions, being only slightly disadvantaged against some Grineer and advantaged against the Corpus. Compared to most other damage types it performs quite well against a wide variety of targets, only being generally out-classed by Corrosive damage which has two strengths and is only bad against Proto Shields.

Abilities Overview

All values below are for the fully leveled version of the ability. For full stats see the Wiki page.


This is the most straightforward of Mag's abilities. Offering good CC and moderate damage in a fairly cheap and effective package this is a solid and uncomplicated ability, at least by Mag's standards. Pull will yank every enemy that isn't immune to CC off their feet and fling them in Mag's general direction, often dealing secondary damage from impacts to terrain. Note that CC immune enemies include Heavy Gunners and Bombards who are in the middle of their slam animation. The damage as well as the strength of the yank effect is affected by Ability Strength with minimum Ability Strength of 40% barely moving enemies and ~180-200 Strength sending them flying over Mag's head.
Pull is a one-handed ability so if you find yourself in a tight spot casting Pull is always an option. Enemies will often ragdoll for several seconds and take another couple of seconds to get up giving you at least a 4-5 second window to react and follow up. Note that Pull, unlike some other CC abilities, doesn't have any cooldown on when enemies can be affected again.
You can extend the time enemies are in the air by jumping into the air and casting pull towards enemies on the ground. This will fling them into the air and in large open environments this can be good for a lot of air time, albeit at the cost of making the enemies difficult to hit.
Note that while flinging enemies off cliffs will kill them it won't provide Affinity or Drops and therefore this should generally be avoided if possible.
Pull also causes enemies to drop Energy Orbs at an increased rate when they're killed by Pull but this is only really useful at low levels. At high levels Pull just doesn't deal enough damage to make use of this reliably, even with full Power Strength.


Probably Mag's most well known, poorly understood, and simultaneously over and under-rated ability Magnetize has a lot of weird interactions and poorly understood effects that I'm going to try and document here.
First off, Magnetize is not the same as a Bullet Attractor effect. While superficially similar Magnetize is much more powerful and useful. To illustrate this I'm just going to list off the basic effects of Magnetize:
That is a lot of effects, and we're not even really done explaining everything about them.
First off, and most important for Mag's gear, Critical Hits, and Multishot from hitscan weapons, aren't taken into account when adding damage to the bubble. The shots will still be redirected but Magnetize will only add the raw damage of one bullet to the absorbed damage. Projectile weapons with multishot don't have this restriction however, ex: the Detron or Drakgoon.
Additionally only the projectile's damage is added, this means that weapons like the Torid or Ogris that deal most of their damage from an AoE effect rather than direct impact won't have that damage added to Magnetize, only projectiles that impact the bubble and Polarize Shards add tick damage.
On top of all of that projectiles with punchthrough will continue to orbit the center of the bubble and continue to hit enemies until they either disappear, fail to penetrate something, or Magnetize ends. This doesn't benefit Magnetize's tick damage but it can still be useful to take into account.
Since Magnetize redirects both allied and enemy projectiles it can be used to shut down dangerous enemies and block off choke points. Often a strong enemy will kill themselves and nearby enemies with their own fire without any help from Mag.


Polarize is one of Mag's most versatile abilities and I've seen it routinely under-rated by players. Polarize has several effects but thankfully they're much more straight forward than Magnetize's spaghetti of interactions.
First let me explain Polarize's range. It's one of the oddest AoEs in the game being affected by both Range and Duration. Range determines the distance the wave starts at and then it travels out at a constant rate based on Duration. Enemies and Allies can only be directly affected once by a single cast of Polarize, anything with the initial radius will be affected on cast, while others will be affected if they contact the wave.
Polarize has the following effects:
The three biggest uses of Polarize are completely murdering groups of Corpus, healing allies and objectives, and following up an Augmented Crush to strip remaining armor from enemies at high levels or just completely stripping them by itself at low levels. Adding damage to Magnetize, while very nice, is often a secondary or tertiary effect of any of the other uses.
What makes Polarize so good against Corpus is their general lack of armor and their tendency to cluster in groups around shields ospreys. Polarize, even at very high levels, will often kill shield osprey and heavily damage the groups of Corpus they're protecting.
The healing effect is also very useful for saving defense objective, your own Sentinel, and keeping allies topped up on shields.


This is the ability that got the largest number of changes to it in the recent patch and it really shows. For a start those of you who disliked Crush's long casting animation can ditch Natural Talent.
Crush has two main effects.
First it lifts all enemies with range or that wander into range into the air and deals several ticks of damage to them over its short casting length, totaling 1500 damage, and drops them on the ground. With a decent range build this generally has the effect of stopping anything within a large radius from shooting at you or anything else.
Second, and new with the latest changes, Crush will restore 40 shields on cast and 25 per enemy hit to Mag and every ally within range, any excess shields will be added as Overshields (normal max Overshields is 1200 over base shields).
This means that Mag can heal and buff her allies shields quite substantially as well as fully restore her own on demand including Overshields. This essentially allows Mag to forgo Redirection as a maxed Redirection only brings Mag Prime to 1110 shields, while a full Crush buff gives her 1650.
Overall Crush is a very strong ability, able to CC enemies in a fairly wide radius when built for range as well as let Mag basically spit out full shields on demand so long as enough enemies are nearby.


Mag is in the fairly interesting position of having three very strong Augment choices out of her four available. Personally I run two, though for the most part this is up to personal preference.
To get it out of the way Greedy Pull is not one of the aforementioned augments. It has a little utility but generally speaking it's not worth using except for fun.
Magnetized Discharge is a fairly useful augment as it allows you to detonate Magnetize Bubbles on demand without having to cast four more. It also gives the explosion a high chance to Disarm all enemies it hits but since a good Magnetize detonation should rarely leave survivors this effect is somewhat mediocre in my opinion.
Counter Pulse is the Shield Polarize augment. It jams weapons and disabled Robotic enemies for 4 seconds modified by Duration. This gives Mag some quite strong persistent CC against most enemies, though I don't recommend taking it against the Infested as it does almost nothing to the majority of Infested enemies.
Fracturing Crush is hands down the strongest augment here though, and I highly recommend taking it if you're building to make Mag Sortie viable. With this augment Crush strips 50% of current armor from every enemy it hits and roots them to the ground for 7 seconds afterwards. The armor stripping is capped at 80% and is based off of current armor rather than base armor, but this doesn't matter too much because we have Polarize which strips flat amounts. For reference you need 160% Power Strength to cap out Fracturing Crush. I'll go into this more in Combos, but the power of this augment really can't be under stated since most armor-stripping abilities either strip far less or only remove armor temporarily.
EDIT: It's been brought to my attention that Fracturing Crush is technically temporary armor stripping but is made permanent if the enemies are hit with Polarize (or, I would assume, any other form of permanent armor stripping) while the effect is still active.


Mag is a played best when her abilities are comboed together to devastating effect. This makes her a fairly technical frame to play though, and good energy management and situational awareness are very helpful in setting up her combos to maximum effect and not finding yourself out of energy and in an awkward spot.
The best Combo in Mag's arsenal is the combination of Polarize, Crush with its augment, and Magnetize especially against high level Grineer. Crush will CC enemies and strip most of their armor, Polarize will remove most if not all of the rest with 1-2 casts, and Magnetize will provide supplementary CC and damage getting a nice boost from Polarize. All told with armor stripping and Magnetize's damage multiplication this can easily result in dealing 20-50x normal damage compared to shooting a single Grineer with all of its armor, except it deals that damage to an entire room.
Against Corpus the same Combo still works but you'll want to cast Polarize first and then Crush to maximize damage and Polarize Shard generation since against Corpus Polarize has little to no armor to work with but the high amount of shields means that Polarize will often do half the work on its own. I still recommend the Crush augment for dealing with Bursa and a few other armored Corpus units, but it's not required against them.
Pull can be used to group enemies together to some extent to set up a combo of the other three but this can be a bit difficult. You can make it easier though by using Crush to stop the enemies in mid-air and prevent them from flying out of range again. You can also make use of corners, walls, or other convenient bits of terrain to pile enemies together with Pull.

Building Mag

All of Mag's abilities are affected by Power Strength and Range, and Magnetize and Polarize are affected by Duration. Range affects the range of Pull and Crush and the starting radius of Polarize as well as the size and blast radius of Magnetize. Power Strength affects almost all of the above listed multipliers and raw values except for the percentage of damage absorbed by Magnetize. While Duration may not sound very important longer duration Magnetize and wider radius Polarize are both very useful, especially with Magnetize' blast damage building over time, and it should not be neglected. Note that Duration does not affect the lifetime of Polarize shards.
My personal recommendation would be to prioritize Range first followed by Power Strength up to ~160% and then Duration. I personally don't run any efficiency on my build but I'm also using Primed Flow and a Synoid Simulor to keep my energy up, so how much Efficiency you want is down to personal preference.

Specific Mods

Rapid Resilience - Crush granting massive amounts of Overshields also opens up the option of not using any of the traditional defensive mods and instead use Rapid Resilience. This has the advantage of taking Slash and Toxin procs and turning them from something immediately lethal into a fairly minor annoyance. This works best if you also have some way of keeping your health up, whether that's an allied buff or a Medi-Ray on your Sentinel. Operator abilities or Arcanes also work but are harder to get.
Growing Power - If you're not going to Forma Mag's aura slot, and with her armor stripping I personally don't recommend it, Growing Power is one of the best options for Mag's aura. Mag should be using a status leaning weapon thanks to Magnetize's lack of benefit from Crit weapons so Growing Power synergizes nicely. You can also use a weapon-damage aura to boost the damage pumped into Magnetize, but Growing Power boosts the Magnetize damage multiplier which benefits everyone regardless of weapon.
Flow/Primed Flow - Highly recommended, even with Efficiency Mag is very energy hungry and the ability to drop several abilities in quick succession is extremely valuable.
Quick Thinking - Save yourself some pain and avoid this mod. Mag has plenty of CC and the ability to spit out shields at a rate that should, generally, far exceeds the conversion of Energy to HP of Quick Thinking without the added annoyance of a stun from "strong attacks". Played correctly Mag is actively hurt by this mod, and played incorrectly this mod is only draining your energy pool and turning a quick death and revive into a prolonged death from which you will return with no energy.
Natural Talent - Not worth using now. Crush has a short enough animation time, and all three of Mag's other abilities are one-handed making this a waste of a mod slot in my opinion.
Augments - Run Fracturing Crush if you're doing anything past around Level 40. Other than that run your preference of Magnetized Discharge or Counter Pulse. If you really don't like either of these, or you're running low-level content, then run Streamline or more Power Strength but for high-level content I would run two augments. Mag's augments are fantastic and if I could run three of them I would.
Exilus Slot - Run whatever you feel like. I personally run Cunning Drift because more Ability Range is always good on Mag. Be aware that Coaction Drift doesn't work with Growing Power as of this post. Almost any Exilus mod is going to benefit Mag in some way, whether it's parkour bonuses, knockdown recovery, or Enemy Sense to better line up Crush casts for more shields.

Weapons and Arcanes

Since Arcanes are much more accessible, and soon to be more easily swapped, I figured I should cover them here along with weapons.
Arcane Energize is a solid choice, Mag is very energy hungry and benefits a lot from this augment. I also recommend the Operator Arcanes Magus Elevate or Magus Nourish to keep up Mag's HP pool if an ally can't heal you. In any configuration Mag is vulnerable to chip damage against high level enemies and this helps with that significantly. Don't bother with Arcane Grace or Victory, percent healing doesn't help Mag much since she'll never have a large health pool.
Otherwise I'd fit whatever damage Arcane helps your Magnetize focused weapon. Crit boosting Arcanes aren't going to help much, though ones that trigger from Crits are fine since Magnetize ensures lots of projectile hits. Slash or Toxin proc resist can also help if you find yourself dying a lot.
For weapons Mag wants to run anything that will add plenty of damage to Magnetize. This is where the stereotypical Mag + Lanka comes from, and while that's still a solid choice it's not the only one or even the best one. The Lanka has the advantage of high damage and punch through on a projectile so it benefits from Multishot, but it has a low fire-rate and Mag doesn't need the range it trades DPS for.
The Drakgoon actually has better damage per shot, faster fire-rate, and a quicker charge time as well as 2m of base punch-through on charge shots which is more than enough and its pellets bounce off surfaces. The Arca Plasmor also has good damage, status chance, and fires a projectile as well. I personally use the Detron, leaving my primary slot free for the Synoid Simulor for energy regen. Personally I would only build one weapon around Magnetize and use the other to cover caps in that first weapon.
The Miter is good for similar reasons to the Lanka but has less damage in exchange for more fire rate and a less crit and more status-focused build. It also has the Neutralizing Justice augment which lets you permanently pop Nullifier Bubbles easily, which is very useful for such an ability focused 'Frame.
Any weapon that has good base-damage and/or fires a projectile is a solid choice, and Mag has enough damage buffing that I'd basically leave this to personal preference unless you're looking to hang out in a Survival for a few hours. The one thing to avoid is hit-scan based shotguns at least if you're going for Magnetize damage, which is depressingly ironic as Mag Prime was released with the Boar Prime, which is one of the worst things to pair with Magnetize but would be fantastic if this wasn't the case.
EDIT: Going to throw in a strong recommendation for the Supra Vandal. I didn't have it when I wrote this guide but it's since come back with Baro and I love it to death. It works well with Mag's kit in a status/damage setup, especially with a Riven, and gives her some nice range while adding good damage to Magnetize, and it has energy regen from the Suda augment. I personally run Gas + Electricity for a hilarious CC cannon, but even a more standard hybrid/crit setup works great with Mag.

Final Thoughts

I hope you've enjoyed this write-up, found it useful, and maybe learned something even if you're a veteran Mag player. With these latest changes I really think Mag is in a great spot and I've been using her for the vast majority of Sortie missions to good effect, especially against Enhanced Armor sorties which Mag will chew up and spit out when fully build out. Or more accurately crumple into a little ball and throw around.
Lastly this is my build. I'm not going to recommend you copy it, swapping Continuity for Streamline and Magnetized Discharge for Counter Pulse (EDIT: I'm just running Counter Pulse, I simply haven't needed Magnetized Discharge and being able to CC all the guns in a room is too useful to give up) is strictly speaking a more versatile and easier to play build but feel free to use it for inspiration. The main downside is the careful ability management required for this to work well, and I'll fully admit that I've jumped into a Sortie drunk and spent half of it on my butt asking for a revive because I screwed up and had no energy left.
EDIT: As a note for future readers I've basically swapped Magnetized Discharge for Counter Pulse full time. I wasn't getting enough use out of Magnetize (frankly I rarely find I need it) to make the augment worthwhile and Counter Pulse combined with the Crush augment shuts down everything within about 40 meters of me for 5-10 seconds. /EDIT
If you're looking for a slightly easier to play and less min-maxed build this might be more fun for you and if you absolutely can't stand Rapid Resilience swap it for Vitality. Ignore that it says "Shield Transference", Warframe Builder doesn't have Counter Pulse yet.
Also if you've been enjoying Mag since the changes or before that please post your build(s) in the comments!
PS: I found at least two things over the course of this write-up that weren't on the Wiki, so that was fun. Thanks to the people in another thread a few days ago who pointed out that Pull's yank effect is tied to Ability Strength specifically. If anyone wants to contact me about trying to reverse engineer DE's Polarize equation let me know. I have some data but not enough time to figure out the equation that produces it. Data and observations in comments.
Couple of quick things I forgot or that others have pointed out.
First off, Polarize doesn't seem to drag in shards from outside the bubble currently. This may have been a trick of the Sim having AI turned off but I don't think so. It's possible this is a bug and will be fixed when DE realizes, but I'm not sure.
Second, I neglected the Miter in my list of viable Magnetize weapons. It deals good damage, has some nice utility in its ability to murder Nullifier Bubbles, and that aforementioned weapon augment grants Mag some useful health regen. It's good for basically the same reasons the Lanka is good, innate punch through, high damage, and projectile based damage making Multishot add its damage to Magnetize.
I also don't think I ever explicitly pointed this out but when you fully remove an enemy's armor their health-type changes, so against enemies resistant to Magnetic Damage that ceases to be an issue if you simply remove all their armor.
For completeness and in case anyone isn't using the Wiki entry as a companion to this guide (that's mentioned at the top now) I should mention that "Targets of Magnetize" take additional damage from Mag's abilities. That said, I have never played around this or found it to be significant enough to take into account, and the calculations used by each ability are slightly different. I'm also unsure if "target" means anything in the bubble or just the initial target of the ability itself and I'm out of time for faffing in the Sim this week :/
It's been pointed out that I failed to mention the effect of Ancient Distruptors on Magnetize. Their aura significantly shortens the Duration of the ability which makes them a significant danger that should be dealt with at a high priority in any sort of Magnetize based setup.
EDIT 4: Swapped Magnetized Discharge for Counter Pulse in my normal build. See the note above on that.
I'll also note that you apparently can't manually trigger the Magnetize if the target's body disintegrates, which is a bit of a pain since while it normally sticks around sometimes it doesn't, often when they're killed by Radiation it seems, and since I use a Detron... yeah.
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2018.01.13 00:47 jucamtur El whisky, historia, producción y tipos

No existe registro preciso de cuando se destiló whisky por primera vez en Escocia o Irlanda. La reseña escrita más antigua que se ha encontrado data de 1494 en la cual se indicaba la proporción.
"Ocho bollos de malta para el Sr. John Cor destinados a producir aquavitae". Sin embargo, debió haber conocimiento previo de la producción de la bebida ya que el alquimista árabe Albukassen describía el proceso de destilación en sus escrituras del siglo X.
El término utilizado para describir la destilación fue del Latín que decía aquavitae, en inglés ¨water of life¨. Los Escoceses y los Irlandeses tradujeron literalmente el término al vocabulario Celta como uisgebeatha, el cual fue abreviado con el uso a ¨whisky¨.
En los inicios, todos los montañeses producían su propia destilación, siendo sus resultados whiskys ásperos y duros, que solamente los Caledonios sabían apreciar. La destilación comercial para exportación data de 1814 cuando se impusieron impuestos internos y se prohibieron las destilerías de menor capacidad a los 500 galones. El consumo era muy localista tanto para Escoceses como para Irlandeses.
En los primeros tiempos, su producción estaba ligada a las órdenes monásticas, se usaba el licor con frecuencia compuesto de hierbas y especias, con fines medicinales. Hasta el año 1820 había muy pocas destilerías “profesionales”, la destilación era una actividad doméstica.
El principal contribuyente a la popularidad del whisky fue Robert Stein, quién inventó una columna de destilación de funcionamiento continuo. En 1832 este invento fue patentado por Aeneas Coffey con algunas mejoras.
Esas mejoras permitieron la destilación continua con calidades más finas y suaves de las que se producían hasta entonces. Todavía hoy, las columnas son conocidas como fueron patentadas o como columnas Coffey, y son las que caracterizan a todos los Whiskys Escoceses (Scotch) por su sabor suave, con cuerpo y con cierto ahumado en la malta.
Destilación, envejecimiento y tipos de Whisky
Whisky escocés (Scotch D.O.C.1990)
El proceso de destilación debe ser realizado en una destilería escocesa, con agua mineral y cebada malteada, a la que se le pueden añadir otros cereales, que hayan sido procesados a partir de harinas, convertidas en un sustrato fermentable sólo por enzimas endógenas, y fermentados sólo por adición de levadura.
Se destila con un grado de 94.8º de alcohol por volumen de forma que conserve aún el sabor de los ingredientes de la producción.
Debe envejecer en barricas de roble americano en Escocia no menos de tres años, y no puede contener otras sustancias añadidas que no sean agua o caramelo como colorante. No pueden ser embotelladas con menos de 40 grados de alcohol por volumen. No se puede hacer otro tipo de whisky distinto al Escocés (Scotch) en Escocia.
En Escocia hay distintas regiones donde se elaboran los whiskys y cada uno tiene su toque particular:
Highlands: maltas ahumadas y levemente dulces, dan un particular carácter a sus whiskys. Lowland: son whiskys con marcados gustos frutales. Campbeltown: se caracteriza por sus maltas algo saladas. Islay: produce whiskys con sabores vegetales, como algas. Orkney: son clásicas, fuertes y encarnadas maltas con un leve sabor a miel.
El whisky escocés se clasifica en varios tipos:
Single malt: producto de una destilería específica y elaborado solamente con malta de cebada.
Vatted malt o "pure malt" blended: El whisky combinado puede tener como origen varias destilerías distintas, whiskys con diferentes edades de añejamiento y diferentes métodos de destilación.
Single grain: El whisky sin mezcla es el producido a partir de un único grano o de una combinación de granos, siempre que uno de ellos represente al menos el 51% del total.
Whisky irlandés
Sus rasgos más característicos incluyen la triple destilación y el uso del alambique en la destilación de una determinada proporción de cebada sin malta.
Los productores irlandeses no emplean turba, por lo que el whisky irlandés carece del aroma a humo del escocés. Los alambiques irlandeses son, además, más grandes que los escoceses.
Los métodos de envejecimiento en barriles son similares a los utilizados en Escocia. Se elabora whisky de alambique y de destilación continua en los mismos centros de producción, y la mayoría del whisky irlandés es una mezcla de ambos. El whisky irlandés es más suave que el escocés.
Whisky Americano
Whisky Americano o Bourbon Whisky. Según la legislación estadounidense, debe contener como mínimo, el 51% de maíz, aunque puede llegar hasta el 80%, y el resto es una mezcla de granos de: centeno, cebada, y trigo.
Se agrega agua filtrada a través de piedra caliza, lo que hace que adquiera un sabor áspero. Su período de añejado tiene un mínimo dos años, (usualmente 5 años), en barriles de roble blanco, cuyo interior ha sido totalmente tostado. De esta forma, le transmite al whisky su aroma ahumado con dejo de vainilla.
Whisky americano del tipo Rye Whiskey o Whisky de Centeno: en su elaboración entra el 51% de centeno, como mínimo. Tiene un sabor y aroma más acentuado que el anterior.
Whisky Canadiense
Se obtiene del centeno, que a veces es mezclado con maíz y cebada, y con agregado de licor neutral. Pueden emplearse whiskys de diferentes tipos, orígenes y edades, así como de un 1% a un 2% de saborizantes ajenos al whisky como el jerez, jugos de fruta y vinos frutales.
No obstante, la proporción de licor neutral suele ser la justa para que el whisky canadiense sea esencialmente un licor límpido, ligero y aromático. Su producción es regulada por el gobierno, y el añejamiento alcanza los cuatro años como mínimo. Es de cuerpo más liviano que los whiskys americanos y su graduación alcohólica es de 43º.
Existen otros países productores de whisky, tales como Australia, India, España, etc., pero no se han destacado en calidad ni exportación a nivel mundial.
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2017.11.27 22:08 bitcoinknowledge The Great Bitcoin Bull Market Of 2017 by Trace Mayer

By: Trace Mayer, host of The Bitcoin Knowledge Podcast.
Originally posted here with images and Youtube videos.
I just got back from a two week vacation without Internet as I was scouring some archeological ruins. I hardly thought about Bitcoin at all because there were so many other interesting things and it would be there when I got back.
Jimmy Song suggested I do an article on the current state of Bitcoin. A great suggestion but he is really smart (he worked on Armory after all!) so I better be thorough and accurate!
Therefore, this article will be pretty lengthy and meticulous.
As I completely expected, the 2X movement from the New York Agreement that was supposed to happen during the middle of my vacation flopped on its face because Jeff Garzik was driving the clown car with passengers willfully inside like Coinbase,, Bitgo and Xapo and there were here massive bugS and in the code and miners like Bitmain did not want to allocate $150-350m to get it over the difficulty adjustments.
I am very disappointed in their lack of integrity with putting their money where their mouths are; myself and many others wanted to sell a lot of B2X for BTC!
On 7 December 2015, with Bitcoin trading at US$388.40, I wrote The Rise of the Fourth Great Bitcoin Bubble. On 4 December 2016, with Bitcoin trading at US$762.97, I did this interview:

As of 26 November 2017, Bitcoin is trading around US$9,250.00. That is an increase of about 2,400% since I wrote the article prognosticating this fourth great Bitcoin bull market. I sure like being right, like usual (19 Dec 2011, 1 Jul 2013), especially when there are financial and economic consequences.
With such massive gains in such a short period of time the speculative question becomes: Buy, Hold or Sell?
Bitcoin is the decentralized censorship-resistant Internet Protocol for transferring value over a communications channel.
The Bitcoin network can use traditional Internet infrastructure. However, it is even more resilient because it has custom infrastructure including, thanks to Bitcoin Core developer Matt Corrallo, the FIBRE network and, thanks to Blockstream, satellites which reduce the cost of running a full-node anywhere in the world to essentially nothing in terms of money or privacy. Transactions can be cheaply broadcast via SMS messages.
The Bitcoin network has a difficulty of 1,347,001,430,559 which suggests about 9,642,211 TH/s of custom ASIC hardware deployed.
At a retail price of approximately US$105/THs that implies about $650m of custom ASIC hardware deployed (35% discount applied).
This custom hardware consumes approximately 30 TWh per year. That could power about 2.8m US households or the entire country of Morocco which has a population of 33.85m.
This Bitcoin mining generates approximately 12.5 bitcoins every 10 minutes or approximately 1,800 per day worth approximately US$16,650,000.
Bitcoin currently has a market capitalization greater than $150B which puts it solidly in the top-30 of M1 money stock countries and a 200 day moving average of about $65B which is increasing about $500m per day.
Average daily volumes for Bitcoin is around US$5B. That means multi-million dollar positions can be moved into and out of very easily with minimal slippage.
When my friend Andreas Antonopolous was unable to give his talk at a CRYPSA event I was invited to fill in and delivered this presentation, impromptu, on the Seven Network Effects of Bitcoin.
These seven network effects of Bitcoin are (1) Speculation, (2) Merchants, (3) Consumers, (4) Security [miners], (5) Developers, (6) Financialization and (7) Settlement Currency are all taking root at the same time and in an incredibly intertwined way.
With only the first network effect starting to take significant root; Bitcoin is no longer a little experiment of magic Internet money anymore. Bitcoin is monster growing at a tremendous rate!!

For the Bitcoin price to remain at $9,250 it requires approximately US$16,650,000 per day of capital inflow from new hodlers.
Bitcoin is both a Giffen good and a Veblen good.
A Giffen good is a product that people consume more of as the price rises and vice versa — seemingly in violation of basic laws of demand in microeconomics such as with substitute goods and the income effect.
Veblen goods are types of luxury goods for which the quantity demanded increases as the price increases in an apparent contradiction of the law of demand.
There are approximately 16.5m bitcoins of which ~4m are lost, ~4-6m are in deep cold storage, ~4m are in cold storage and ~2-4m are salable.
And forks like BCash (BCH) should not be scary but instead be looked upon as an opportunity to take more territory on the Bitcoin blockchain by trading the forks for real bitcoins which dries up more salable supply by moving it, likely, into deep cold storage.
According to Wikipedia, there are approximately 15.4m millionaires in the United States and about 12m HNWIs ($30m+ net worth) in the world. In other words, if every HNWI in the world wanted to own an entire bitcoin as a 'risk-free asset' that cannot be confiscated, seized or have the balance other wise altered then they could not.
For wise portfolio management, these HNWIs should have at least about 2-5% in gold and 0.5-1% in bitcoin.
Why? Perhaps some of the 60+ Saudis with 1,700 frozen bank accounts and about $800B of assets being targetted might be able to explain it to you.
In other words, everyone loves to chase the rabbit and once they catch it then know that it will not get away.
There are approximately 150+ significant Bitcoin exchanges worldwide. Kraken, according to the CEO, was adding about 6,000 new funded accounts per day in July 2017.
Supposedly, Coinbase is currently adding about 75,000 new accounts per day. Based on some trade secret analytics I have access to; I would estimate Coinbase is adding approximately 17,500 new accounts per day that purchase at least US$100 of Bitcoin.
If we assume Coinbase accounts for 8% of new global Bitcoin users who purchase at least $100 of bitcoins (just pulled out of thin error and likely very conservative as the actual number is perhaps around 2%) then that is approximately $21,875,000 of new capital coming into Bitcoin every single day just from retail demand from 218,750 total new accounts.
What I have found is that most new users start off buying US$100-500 and then after 3-4 months months they ramp up their capital allocation to $5,000+ if they have the funds available.
After all, it takes some time and practical experience to learn how to safely secure one's private keys.
To do so, I highly recommend Bitcoin Core (network consensus and full validation of the blockchain), Armory (private key management), Glacier Protocol (operational procedures) and a laptop (secure non-specialized hardware).
There has been no solution for large financial fiduciaries to invest in Bitcoin. This changed November 2017.
LedgerX, whose CEO I interviewed 23 March 2013, began trading as a CFTC regulated Swap Execution Facility and Derivatives Clearing Organization.
The CME Group announced they will begin trading in Q4 2017 Bitcoin futures.
The CBOE announced they will begin trading Bitcoin futures soon.
By analogy, these institutional products are like connecting a major metropolis's water system (US$90.4T and US$2 quadrillion) via a nanoscopic shunt to a tiny blueberry ($150B) that is infinitely expandable.
This price discovery could be the most wild thing anyone has ever experienced in financial markets.
The same week Bitcoin was released I published my book The Great Credit Contraction and asserted it had now begun and capital would burrow down the liquidity pyramid into safer and more liquid assets.
Thus, the critical question becomes: Is Bitcoin a possible solution to the Great Credit Contraction by becoming the safest and most liquid asset?
At all times and in all circumstances gold remains money but, of course, there is always exchange rate risk due to price ratios constantly fluctuating. If the metal is held with a third-party in allocated-allocated storage (safest possible) then there is performance risk (Morgan Stanley gold storage lawsuit).
But, if properly held then, there should be no counter-party risk which requires the financial ability of a third-party to perform like with a bank account deposit. And, since gold exists at a single point in space and time therefore it is subject to confiscation or seizure risk.
Bitcoin is a completely new asset type. As such, the storage container is nearly empty with only $150B.
And every Bitcoin transaction effectively melts down every BTC and recasts it; thus ensuring with 100% accuracy the quantity and quality of the bitcoins. If the transaction is not on the blockchain then it did not happen. This is the strictest regulation possible; by math and cryptography!
This new immutable asset, if properly secured, is subject only to exchange rate risk. There does exist the possibility that a software bug may exist that could shut down the network, like what has happened with Ethereum, but the probability is almost nil and getting lower everyday it does not happen.
Thus, Bitcoin arguably has a lower risk profile than even gold and is the only blockchain to achieve security, scalability and liquidity.
To remain decentralized, censorship-resistant and immutable requires scalability so as many users as possible can run full-nodes.
Some people, probably mostly those shilling alt-coins, think Bitcoin has a scalability problem that is so serious it requires a crude hard fork to solve.
On the other side of the debate, the Internet protocol and blockchain geniuses assert the scalability issues can, like other Internet Protocols have done, be solved in different layers which are now possible because of Segregated Witness which was activated in August 2017.
Whose code do you want to run: the JV benchwarmers or the championship Chicago Bulls?
As transaction fees rise, certain use cases of the Bitcoin blockchain are priced out of the market. And as the fees fall then they are economical again.
Additionally, as transaction fees rise, certain UTXOs are no longer economically usable thus destroying part of the money supply until fees decline and UTXOs become economical to move.
There are approximately 275,000-350,000 transactions per day with transaction fees currently about $2m/day and the 200 DMA is around $1.08m/day.
What I like about transaction fees is that they somewhat reveal the financial health of the network.
The security of the Bitcoin network results from the miners creating solutions to proof of work problems in the Bitcoin protocol and being rewarded from the (1) coinbase reward which is a form of inflation and (2) transaction fees which is a form of usage fee.
The higher the transaction fees then the greater implied value the Bitcoin network provides because users are willing to pay more for it.
I am highly skeptical of blockchains which have very low transaction fees. By Internet bubble analogy, may have millions of page views but I am more interested in EBITDA.
Bitcoin and blockchain programming is not an easy skill to acquire and master. Most developers who have the skill are also financially independent now and can work on whatever they want.
The best of the best work through the Bitcoin Core process. After all, if you are a world class mountain climber then you do not hang out in the MacDonalds play pen but instead climb Mount Everest because that is where the challenge is.
However, there are many talented developers who work in other areas besides the protocol. Wallet maintainers, exchange operators, payment processors, etc. all need competent developers to help build their businesses.
Consequently, there is a huge shortage of competent developers. This is probably the largest single scalability constraint for the ecosystem.
Nevertheless, the Bitcoin ecosystem is healthier than ever before.
There are no significant global reserve settlement currency use cases for Bitcoin yet.
Perhaps the closest is Blockstream's Strong Federations via Liquid.
There is a tremendous amount of disagreement in the marketplace about the value proposition of Bitcoin. Price discovery for this asset will be intense and likely take many cycles of which this is the fourth.
Since the supply is known the exchange rate of Bitcoins is composed of (1) transactional demand and (2) speculative demand.
Interestingly, the price elasticity of demand for the transactional demand component is irrelevant to the price. This makes for very interesting dynamics!
On 4 May 2017, Lightspeed Venture Partners partner Jeremy Liew who was among the early Facebook investors and the first Snapchat investor laid out their case for bitcoin exploding to $500,000 by 2030.
On 2 November 2017, Goldman Sachs CEO Lloyd Blankfein (, "Now we have paper that is just backed by fiat...Maybe in the new world, something gets backed by consensus."
On 12 Sep 2017, JP Morgan CEO called Bitcoin a 'fraud' but conceded that "( could reach $100,000".
Thus, it is no surprise that the Bitcoin chart looks like a ferret on meth when there are such widely varying opinions on its value proposition.
I have been around this space for a long time. In my opinion, those who scoffed at the thought of $1 BTC, $10 BTC (Professor Bitcorn!), $100 BTC, $1,000 BTC are scoffing at $10,000 BTC and will scoff at $100,000 BTC, $1,000,000 BTC and even $10,000,000 BTC.
Interestingly, the people who understand it the best seem to think its financial dominance is destiny.
Meanwhile, those who understand it the least make emotionally charged, intellectually incoherent bearish arguments. A tremendous example of worldwide cognitive dissonance with regards to sound money, technology and the role or power of the State.
Consequently, I like looking at the 200 day moving average to filter out the daily noise and see the long-term trend.
Well, that chart of the long-term trend is pretty obvious and hard to dispute. Bitcoin is in a massive secular bull market.
The 200 day moving average is around $4,001 and rising about $30 per day.
So, what do some proforma situations look like where Bitcoin may be undervalued, average valued and overvalued? No, these are not prognostications.
Maybe Jamie Dimon is not so off his rocker after all with a $100,000 price prediction.
We are in a very unique period of human history where the collective globe is rethinking what money is and Bitcoin is in the ring battling for complete domination. Is or will it be fit for purpose?
As I have said many times before, if Bitcoin is fit for this purpose then this is the largest wealth transfer in the history of the world.
Well, this has been a brief analysis of where I think Bitcoin is at the end of November 2017.
The seven network effects are taking root extremely fast and exponentially reinforcing each other. The technological dominance of Bitcoin is unrivaled.
The world is rethinking what money is. Even CEOs of the largest banks and partners of the largest VC funds are honing in on Bitcoin's beacon.
While no one has a crystal ball; when I look in mine I see Bitcoin's future being very bright.
Currently, almost everyone who has bought Bitcoin and hodled is sitting on unrealized gains as measured in fiat currency. That is, after all, what uncharted territory with daily all-time highs do!
But perhaps there is a larger lesson to be learned here.
Riches are getting increasingly slippery because no one has a reliable defined tool to measure them with. Times like these require incredible amounts of humility and intelligence guided by macro instincts.
Perhaps everyone should start keeping books in three numéraires: USD, gold and Bitcoin.
Both gold and Bitcoin have never been worth nothing. But USD is a fiat currency and there are thousands of those in the fiat currency graveyard. How low can the world reserve currency go?
After all, what is the risk-free asset? And, whatever it is, in The Great Credit Contraction you want it!
What do you think? Disagree with some of my arguments or assertions? Please, eviscerate them on Twitter or in the comments!
submitted by bitcoinknowledge to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

2016.11.28 11:11 FTC_Publik Ash Rework Isn't That Bad, Actually, But Still Needs Work

I just realized while giving this post a final read-over that none of my experience should come as any surprise at all, since all of the things I've found enjoyable were untouched by the rework... You could build Ash the exact same way and he'd play the same way, except Bladestorm would be better. Keep that in mind I guess. Title might actually be a bit off.
Ash is fun when you don't rely on Bladestorm, but there are things left to be done. See the shiny bullet points down below for those.
For reference, here's my build for the past day and the build I'm going to be working towards tomorrow evening. The only difference is that the new build has 1 forma, +1% power strength, +0.5% duration, and some knockdown recovery/resist. Super minor survivability stuff but every point counts. I'm using Naramon, which grants me stealth when I crit with melee weapons as well as extra crit chance and melee affinity. I'm also using this Nikana build. Not shown is Drifting Contact, which warframe builder doesn't have yet. I've been playing without a primary, instead relying on the Nikana. If you wanted to rely on a primary you could easily replace the Nikana for a CL dagger, and replace Fatal Teleport with Rage to allow for energy farming. I will absolutely be replacing the Nikana with Venka Prime when it's done crafting. I'd also like to state that I was by no means an Ash main, he wasn't really my cup of tea. I also haven't taken him that deep into high level content, just Sorties so far. He did fine, and was actually a big help.
So. Ash rework. I'm going to stand by my previous statements that it's not much of a rework. It's still a nerf to Bladestorm with some minor QoL changes. However, after playing with Ash for the past day I feel like I know how to describe it.
When DE reworked Saryn (or nerfed her, take your pick), they changed her because of a pretty specific "press-4-to-win" build. Tons of power strength, no duration, tons of efficiency, sit in the middle of the map and push 4. Now, whether this rework was effective or whether it just changed which buttons to press is irrelevant, the message was pretty clear: if you want to play Saryn, you need to press more than 1 button. Guess what other frame was built with high strength, no duration, a bunch of efficiency, and played with the 4 button? Uh-huh. I feel like Ash's "rework" is trying to be the same thing, and could be, if a few things are changed.
What DE has done, rightly or wrongly, is nerf Bladestorm, no two ways about it. It's got the same problems as before, it just needs to be spooled up first. As a result, I've been trying to avoid it where possible. Here's how I'm playing him: ignore Bladestorm unless you really want to clear a whole group. Focus on your melee, which builds your long combo multiplier to further buff Bladestorm when/if you find yourself needing it. Throw a bunch of Shuriken for that really decent damage at low cost. Smokescreen where you need to until Naramon charges, then use your constant crits from your melee as your primary source of stealth. If you don't use Naramon, anything that gives you more than 2 energy/sec should let you run invisible permanently. Fatal Teleport will actually proc the Naramon invisibility (I think it's a bit buggy). Use that for anything you need dead or just when you want to get around.
As for the changes that still need to be made:
  • Many times I found myself stuck in a location for a long period of time, like capturing an Intercept point, and I couldn't get away to keep my combo duration going. I'd like for Shuriken to reset the timer on the combo multiplier, but not add to it. That way you can preserve your combo if you get stuck reviving someone or hacking or whatever, since the combo counter is so important to Ash.
  • The number of Shuriken should scale with duration, similarly to Nova's Null Stars. Ash needs more reasons to build for things other than strength.
  • If you're moving quickly it can be hard to Teleport to things. It needs a soft-targeting system that is very relaxed when moving quickly but very tight when stationary. That way you can quickly teleport to whatever is "over that way" when you're flying through the air at mach 2, but if stationary you can teleport very specifically.
  • Teleport also needs to be able to teleport to more things, namely anything that can be scanned, anything that can be picked up, and anything that can be interacted with, by Ash or anything. For example, Intercept's enemy hacking panels, power cells, lockdown hacking consoles, data masses, etc. The only reason I can think of for it to not be just "teleport to crosshair" is that there might be problems determining just where that point is (IE programmer stuff). Either way it needs a little relaxing.
  • I still feel like there still isn't enough synergy between abilities. The best one I can think of is to have anything affected by Smokescreen's stun to be temporarily Marked, allowing you to smokescreen a group and then kill them all. It gives another reason to build for Range, since that affects the radius of the poof.
  • Many many times I found myself casting Smokescreen, marking, and then using Bladestorm. By the time Bladestorm ended, I'd be out of stealth and vulnerable. Smokescreen shouldn't count down while in Bladestorm, simple as that.
  • Even used sparingly, Bladestorm gets tedious to watch. However, I'm not sure if Ash should be entirely removed from it. I think he should do a few attacks, max 2 or 3, but then leave the rest to his clones. Not for DPS or anything like that, purely for my sanity.
  • Otherwise, at least let us to type while in Bladestorm!
  • Bladestorm marking is just too imprecise. It could use the same type of soft-locking suggested for Teleport but still with a fair radius when stationary. This could be adjusted by range mods as well.
  • Get rid of the multi-marking, you'll never be able to use it accurately. Let the mark count be fixed, but scale with Duration. Low duration means high damage and one mark, high duration means lower damage with a max of 3 marks. This number would be behind the scenes, enemies would still display a single death-mark.
That's honestly all he needs. Some QoL with his combo counter, duration scaling for abilities, another ability synergy, and a relaxation of targeting for Teleport and Bladestorm.
submitted by FTC_Publik to Warframe [link] [comments]

2016.10.27 10:42 qrestlove Assange 10-26-16 Full Transcript

At someone's request. If anyone has anything to add, it is welcome. Enjoy:
JA:In Buenos Aires?
JA:Ok, We'll try and do this, um this is the uhh the first time that I have spoken to people outside the Embassy since my internet was cut off. It's a bit unusual for me to do an interview by telephone but I like a challenge so we're going to try and do it.
JA:First of all um thank you to the Computer Workers' Union who put this event together and organized it, I see that quite a lot of Universities involved in Argentina, uh it's interesting to see people here, quite nice actually, the support for the Free Software movement and the ideals that I have fought for a long time, by the government of Argentina and other institutions within Argentina.
Panel: Mr Julian Give us just a minute to explain to the Public here what is happening, exactly. Could you give us a minute?
JA:Ok Well
Panel: Thanks
JA:First of all let me, let me just introduce myself. Uh My name is Julian Assange I am the editor, founder and publisher uh of Wikileaks. I have uh a technical training, I taught myself programming when I was 13, I became a computer hacker, explorer of the world when I was quite young, uh, from Australia. And developed a lot of free software and different projects, became a systems administrator, started my own internet service in Australia, and Writing cryptography programs to protect people and their privacy from spying, written books about that type of thing and studied the NSA and eventually theoretical physics and decided that actually I wanted to try and bring about more education and justice in the world and the easiest way so .....
Panel: Bueno, --- etc
JA:(Static) Ok Uhh I'm instructed ... programmers behind it and the people and instutions ... courageous people uh ... and alot of conflict, we publish on average 1 million secret docs per year for the last 10 years and of that time, 6 years I've been detained without charge here in the UK and for 4 years in this embassy, the embassy in london where ecuador gave me asylum the idea being to then go to ecuador but the embassy was then surrounded by police--
Panel: Police--
JA: -- Under siege by the british of the embassy for the last 4 years, by that they say the've spent over $20m in spying equipment, that is outside the embassy, plainclothes police and so on.
JA: now just recently we started our series on the us election which is extremely interesting about how the power networks in DC operates particularly around HRC who has been there many many years because she was the wife of bill clinton and the lobbyists and campaigners that work for her like John Podesta. So our first big leak in that series was the DNC leaks, as a result of that publishing in JUly the top 5 officials of the Democratic Party resigned including its president Debbie Wasserman Schultz
JA: Uh the Democratic Primary election between HRC and Bernie Sanders principally had been rigged in favor of HRC by the committee that runs the US Democratic party in many different wasy including pushing out fake stories that Bernie Sanders supporters were trying to organize violence, making sure more of the money went to HRC and so on.
JA: When we released those 20k emails we did it in a way that we've become famous for which is to make a customized search engine to search them essentially quite hard to make a search engine to display and search through email because there's so many broken mail standards in mail programs so it's quite a lot of work and it encouraged all the people in the US and some outside the US who were interested in the election to sort through them. This punched a hole in the media censorship that exists in the US by the top TV networks and about 8 of the 9 major publications in the US are biased in favor of HRC.
JA: So in response there was many attacks and the US DC establishment which believe HRC will be the winner of the election tried to find different wasy to distract from our publication. They first of all tried to say that we supported Donald Trump because we were criticizing HRC. Then they tried to say that actually we were secretly working with RUssia to publish this material which was criticizing her and thsi was some kind of cyber warfare against the US.
JA: What I've heard from people with experience with these sort of attacks is the best way to deal with it is to never flinch, you neve rblink .You just keep on publishing because every day you publish is another day you have the initiave in the conflict.
JA: So we continued on publishing the emails of Hillary Clintons uh chief campaign manager which are even more politically interesting than the emails of the DNC. I have been exploring what was the connection between HRC and her campaign manager and the sale of 20% of all US uranium to RUssia through a company in the US called JEwel Limited and that was very interesting that we showed that uh clintons campaign manager had been lyhing about his investments in this Nuclear energy company and he's very closely connected with a big Canadian mining magnate and that he had 75,000 shares in this company and that he moved it into another company secretly controlled by his daughter and so on but much more important was that in the investigation we managed to get ahold of more than 50K emails related to HRC's chief campaign manager John Podesta.
JA: So this time we started a different strategy which was to write an algorithm called a Stochastic Terminator which is designed to be unpredictable and to adjust how much it publishes and what it selects based upon what we as human beings suggest to it but also based upon what it reads in the news. So it selects the emails to be published and publishes them each day and we started doing that on the 7th of October
JA: And this really whipped up a crazed hornets nest atmosphere in the HRC campaign and in all the establishment that are backing her. Now we always had the analysis that HRC would win for sure, we've had that analysis from more than 12 months ago but she has pooled around her every single establishment in the US. The inteliigence agencies, the neoconservatives that started the Iraq war, the weapons manufacturers, the big banks, invenstment companies like Goldman Sachs, most of the middle class and most of the media, and so, now we have all these people in these establishments trying to defend HRC from being exposed as having many corrupt relationships.
JA: So they started attacking our servers with DOS attacks, and attempted hacking attacks. There was a, there IS an amazing ongoing campaign where fake documents were put in the US and the British courts to accuse me of both being a Russian spy and a pedophile, a molester of children.
JA: You can look up that amazing story that we tracked down about how this hoax was made in the US and British courts to call me a Russian spy and a pedophile, by a front company in the US in Texas called Todd And Claire.
JA: But that wasn't enough so the pressure started to increase and started to pressure Ecuador, which some of the opposition parties in Ecuador were sympathetic to, perhaps because of their relationships with the US, and pressure, statements made to Ecuador at the political level and the intelligence level that I needed to be stopped or that there would be consequences.
JA: But um, Wikileaks is a global publisher, publishes 1m documents a year. We publish from France, Germany, several, Norway, Holland, several other countries and we have most of our lawyers and staff in the EU and the US. We don't publish from Ecuador, no particular reason, just the bandwidth is cheaper and the servers are cheaper than in Ecuador.
JA: So the US and Hillary, the US Government in the form of John Kerry, the Secretary of State, some other US officials and the HRC campaign, kept putting forth propaganda to say that our publications revealing various forms of corruption and scandal within HRC's network was in fact interference in the US electoral process.
JA: But this isn't interference in the electoral process, this is the DEFINITION of the electoral process. It is for media organizations and in fact everyone to publish the truth and their opinions about what is occurring.
JA: There cannot be a free and informed election unless we are free to inform.
JA: So you basically have the Obama administration taking control of parts of the goverment and using the government to try and shut down critical true information being revealed and analyzed by Wikileaks, uh, being read by the American population.
JA: So now let's look at it fro Ecuadorian point of view. While I disagree that they didn't give me any notice about what was occuring, I did not like the, how it was done, I am very sympathetic to the concern that the Ecuadorian state has.
JA: Ecuador, like most states that are not empires, has a policy of non intervention in the interior processes, including elections, of other states
JA: Now, it makes perfect strategic sense why small states should have such a policy, because if they do not have such a policy, larger states can use that as the excuse to intervene in their affairs or their elections.
JA: So here we have a dilemna on one hand Wikileaks is a publisher that doesn't publish from Ecuador. And it is a publisher, its duty and obligation is to publish everything and anything that's true that it can get its hands on about a very important election that's occuring right now in the US.
JA: On the other hand the TV networks in the US with the exception of Fox are controlled by clinton supporters and the US intelligence establishment which is also aligned to Clinton pushing statements before the public that Wikileaks publishing about the US elections is interference in the US elections which is false but nonetheless it is a claim that is being made very loudly in the US.
JA: And this claim, although false, could be used to legitimize the US interfering in Ecuador's election next year.
JA: Now of course we ACTUALLY publish from Germany, France, Holland, Norway and so on, the US has not as far as we're aware tried to apply significant country, pressure to those countries. But, I am a symbol as the ideological leader of Wikileaks, and that symbol is being protected as a political refugee by the state of Ecuador. So they think that they can go after the symbol and they think they can bully, or try to bully Ecuador because it is a state in Latin American that's not the size of Brazil.
JA: So we end up with a strategic position for Ecuador that the internet at the embassy is shut off until the end of the election so that Ecuador's policy of non-intervention cannot be mis-interpreted by actors in the US or even domestically in Ecuador
JA: Of course I don't agree with it but I understand it.
JA: And Ecuador has been strong, in otherwise in the first place and also continuing to resist quite strong pressure from the UK, US, and Sweden to cast me out into the streets to be arrested.
JA: And I just compare um what the government's position is, about half the opposition party's that's becoming the Ecuadorian legislation next year in February saying that they also would protect my asylum but about another half don't (Static) saying they would hand me over to be arrested despite the United Nations in February this year making a formal finding that i am legally correct in that I am being illegally detained by the UK
JA: But Wikileaks is a, you know you can ask what type of dog is a different company or an organization, and Wikileaks is one of these fighting dogs, that has a lot of energy, that runs around and loves to fight, does nothing more than fight. So when my internet was cut off of course we had long ago made contingency plans for exactly this situation so despite bombs raining down on us from statements from high officials, media and so on this is exactly the sort of situation we enjoy and there was not even a 1 day pause in publishing the next day even though I was cut off from my team.
(Questions translated by yksinm)
Question 1: we will make questions that we receive via twitter, first lets give julian an applause for being able to come here even in dificult conditions...
JA: Thank you very very much
Panel: I don't know if the translator will make the questions to Julian or if Julian is listening to us phonetically(?)...
Question 2: en relacion al contenido de los emails de hillary clinton revelados por assange, si es posible que se pueda deducir el pensamiento de la candidata democratica hacia latinoamerica en su conjunto y en particular hacia la argentina/ relating to the hillary clintons email content, is it posible that we can deduct the thinking of the candidate towards latinoamerica and in particular to argentina?
JA: Uh as I said that it has long been our analysis that HRC will win the election because she has all the establishment on her side and we can see that in terms of polling that someone like Donald Trump has a great many problems I'm sure you're all aware of it but if he managed to get up near the 48-50% level, the polling, which he has just on two occasions crossed on different polls, united them immediately those big media networks and their funders get together and smash him back down. So I don't think there's any, any chance of Donald Trump winning the election. That would probaby be bad inside the US, it would probably be good outside the US, but even with the amazing material that we are publishing and will continue to publish. Because even though that we publish it and there's a lot of people on the internet reading it directly, that most of the media organizations in the US are very strongly aligned with HRC, Um for 2 reasons really a lot of them are owned by big businesses which are owned by big banks, which like HRC. And the other is a class reason, most journalists and media workers are very middle class and Donald Trump represents in their mind "white trash" and so to be, doing anything that looks like it supports Donald Trump, looks like it supports the trash, as it means to those rivals that they have within their class, that they are white trash and lowers their social status, which is a very dangerous thing to do in an institution, have your social status lowered, because someone else might get your job or the job you want to have within the institution. So there's a lot of conformity and a lot of fear about criticizing HRC in any way at all, so it reduces the impact of even very significant material that is released. But what is the impact for Latin America, why, I think it is extremely positive, because I think that this is the first time in US electoral history that we can see the power structure going into the new presidency so the various alliances and forces and influences of HRC and her team we are exposing day by day. And so that's going to shift understanding of the phenomenon that then everyone has to deal with, inside the US and out and it becomes more predictable and also the worst excesses of it are easier to contain.
Question 3 & 4: en estos momentos en argentina se esta discutiendo el voto electronico, una forma electoral donde hay un gran componente de tecnologia y eso se esta trasladando al voto electronico. hay empresas que estan involucradas que controlan y manejan los datos y por otro lado tambien esta el tema del facebook work. que es el facebook work para quienes no lo saben es la utilizacion de las herramientas de facebook en el estado administrada por supuesto bajo las leyes norteamericanas por que facebook no firma un contrato con el estado argentino con un desarrollo propietario, que opina sobre los dos temas, puntualmente, del voto electronico, si sirve si no sirve. cual es la opinion de el al respecto y del facebook artworks?/(q3) in this moment in argentina we are discusing electronic voting, an electoral process where there is a big amount of technology and there is companies involved that have acces and control data (q4)on the other hand there is the facebook work, what is facebook work? is the utilization of facebook tools by the state(of argentina) under US laws because facebook does not sign a contract with argentinian state.
JA: As a security expert or former security expert and someone who's had to continue to understand that in order to protect Wikileaks and our sources, I think electronic voting is completely crazy. The electronic aspect of it, even if there is cryptography, maybe especially if there's cryptography makes it so complex that individual peoples and communities can't assess whether it's doing what it says that it's doing. So it's become easy to manipulate. Now even if there are rules concerning sophisticated audits, external auditors, auditing that's being done, we all know the reality that once those rules are set up for auditors, gradually they are defunded or the auditors get lazy, and gradually they start to disappear and those people who want to manipulate systems understand the ability and limitations of the auditors more and more as time goes by. So I think electronic voting is completely crazy for national elections. Another thing that (static) when there's REAL power involved, I think this is mad.
JA: On the second part of that question about overseas processing data in the US and elsewhere, obviously information in, jurisdiction is acceptable to US authorities, Now with that said it might even be more accessible if it's not in US jurisdiction because they hack it and steal it anyway. So this issue of the breakdown in areas of jurisdiction or areas of (servility?) a much broader issue, which is causing the disappearance of effective borders, a blending in or a merging in of different states with each other. There's a lot of benefits to that, on the other hand it seems quite likely that the largest most powerful electronic state like the US, maybe like China in a few years, will be able to hold and gather together critically important functions of other countries , and then will be able to squeeze these functions, both in terms of data from them but possibly more importantly in terms of demanding fees, court cases, or simply cutting off access.
Question 5: bueno sabemos ya que nos estamos quedando sin tiempo, estamos en los plazos acordados para ir terminando quisiera julian si nos podrias dar un mensaje a los trabajadores informaticos a los trabajadores de las tecnologias y cual es la sugerencia que nos... que nos.. que opina el y nos pueda trasmiti we are runing out of time so we would like if julian could give us a message, opinion and sugestion for the informatic workers.
JA: Ok. The power structures of the whole world, are becoming computerized, that shouldn't be any surprise to anyone in this room. And therefore we, as technological workers, can have a unique ability to shape the power to become and not simply be useful idiots, which is how politicians in general and company executives think of most technical workers. Rather the intelligent, skilled technicians that understand not just about our technical labors but understand how our technical labors interface and facilitate the evolving structure of international civilization and of course within our country. Now if it's to establish our own rules and our own culture, in say the Free Software community, have produced really quite important advances. But at the same time, some of those advances like Free software are also being treated as a common and being gobbled up by ever larger corporations like Google or ever more abusive mega government instituions like the NSA which uses Linux and free software all over the place. It's nothing to be proud of that the fruits of our mind is being used in that way. Rather it's something to be ashamed of that the fruits of our mind can be taken and repurposed in a way to make the world we live in less free and less humane. So Wikileaks is the vision I had for using my technical skills to do something about some of these problems but there's many other ways in which one can do it. I think it's important is to kind of look at what is happening in the world as the rest of the world's power structures coming into our domain and try, thereby exercise some influence over the situation rather than seeing our domain as something that is being gobbled up by the existing power structures.
Question 6: bueno sabemos que el tiempo convenido con mr assange esta expirado pero es tanto el volumen de preguntas que nos han llegado a travez de los hashtags habilitados al efecto que nos atrevemos a pedirle una ultima pregunta muy especial, puedes trasladarle por favor la consulta. julian:ok. translator:si si adelante. ok en ese caso es la siguiente: desde ecuador el amigo sebastian naver nos pregunta, cuando vamos a tener wikileaks sobre los diarios como la nacion o clarin fuertemente vinculados a la politica y la dictadura de nuestro pais/ we ran out of time but we got so many questions that we dare to ask you answer one last special question. our friend from equador asks when will be the time for wikileaks to be asociated with newspapers like "la nacion" or "clarin" that are strongly linked to the politics and dictatorship of out country.
JA: Hm. That is a very important question. One of the major power elements in society, one which shapes our thinking about the problems that we have, and the solutions to our problems can only be as good as the clarity of our thinking, is of course the media, the mass media. And we're also shifting into control from social, the way social media and internet publishing has broken through a lot of the censorship on behalf of various establishments that the mainstream media has been performing. At the same time there is consolidation in the owners of social media that is leading to various forms of censorship. There is a great book that's been published in Argentina, it's definitely in Spanish, called Wiki Media Leaks, and that is an analysis of the Latin American media, looking at the cables that Wikileaks published showing the relationships between the US State Department and the various media oligarchs in Latin America. Now why did a separate book have to be published on that? Well because obviously the Clarin Group was not reporting about the Clarin Group. And there also exists a type of truce between the different media owners and even amongst journalists not to report critical information about these groups or individuals that you would think would be rivals but they're too scared to get in a media war with each other so they tend to censor news that is critical of the media. Now in the, one of the things most remarked on by our recent publications about the DNC and HRC's campaign is how many unethical journalists were exposed, Journalists who were checking in to make sure that Hillary Clinton was, the campaign manager, was proving to throw private parties with 65 different journalists where they didn't report anything that happened at the parties, HRC or campaign manager John Podesta cooking together and so on. But you're right, the full archives of the NYT or Clarin Group or CNN would make a very big difference to peoples opinions and help them understand those power networks. We did it for the Sony corporation, while the Sony corporation is not a news organization it is a media organization. And that showed very interesting things, for example that Sony tried to do a deal with UK prime minister david Cameraon, at the time the scottish referendum, in 2014, to not air a TV series which was pro-Scottish until after the referendum. They had met with DAvid Cameraon that was their stratgegy going into the meeting, they wanted to do that, and what could they get from cameron, well they could get some tax provisions from the prime minister in exchange for killing off this Tv series about scotland which would increase scottish nationalism. So that's the games that are played in all the big media groups.
submitted by qrestlove to WikiLeaks [link] [comments]

2016.10.24 20:15 841067 Friendly reminder that is still greatly struggling. If you can help out, it helps us all...

The comrades at Riseup run a fantastic email service for the anti-capitalist community, and do so under great duress. While the funding crisis that occurred in September was averted, they are by no means out of the woods yet. What follows is the text of a recent mail (10/18/16) Riseup sent updating users on the situation:
[en] English - Crisis averted! [de] Deutsch - Krise abgewendet! [pt] Português - Crise evitada! [es] Castellano - ¡Crisis superada! [fr] Français - Une crise évitée [it] Italiano - Crisi evitata!

[en] English

Crisis averted!

Thanks again to all the people who contributed in September in response to our urgent appeal. Your generous response was overwhelming and inspiring.
Many people grew alarmed after reading our last newsletter, and wrote us to ask how serious our situation actually is. Yes, our financial situation has been dire. It is also true that Riseup has weathered lightning strikes, melting computers, internal conflict, illness, national borders, and a car crash. We cannot confirm the alien abduction. Riseup is a quixotic project: the thing we do is persevere, against all reason.
Somehow it works, but this is not a sustainable way to operate. What would it look like if Riseup was run properly? Help tickets would be answered in a timely manner, our services would be more reliable and more secure, and you would not need a different account for each different service. Most importantly, Riseup would be more accountable and more responsive to the needs of the communities we seek to serve. Although your generous support has averted our current crisis, Riseup does not yet generate the donations or the volunteer labor needed for Riseup to thrive.
This means we are going to keep asking for your support! If you missed out, it is never too late to donate. Please visit

Quota increased

Back in June, we said we would put all donations received that month toward increasing quota. We received enough money to double quota, and we will be increasing quota again as soon as we can. A few things to remember about quota:

Security practices for everyone

Computer security is hard, and even big corporations get it wrong most of the time. What is an activist to do? There are four easy first steps that you should take to get started:
(1) Do not open email attachments. Honestly, just don't do it, ever. Email attachments are the single most common cause of security problems. If you must open an email attachment, first contact the sender and confirm that they sent it. In general, you can never trust the identity of the sender [1].
(2) Use a password manager. Some password managers are better than others, but what really matters is that you start using one. Let your beautiful brain fill up with something better than passwords. Remember one long password, and let the computer remember everything else.
(3) Keep your software and operating system up to date. The sad reality is that technology is a never ending treadmill of doom. If you are running old software, you are probably exposing yourself to all sorts of known vulnerabilities that an attacker can take advantage of.
(4) Check out our Better Web Browsing tutorial:
[1] Technical note: It is possible to verify the identity of the sender, if the message is signed with OpenPGP or S/MIME. Otherwise, even technically savvy people need to exercise extreme caution (for example, DKIM doesn't prevent domain name homograph attacks, a phishing method using similarly looking characters. Our help page on Phishing - - has more info).

[de] Deutsch

Krise abgewendet!

Danke nochmal an alle, die im September auf unseren dringenden Spendenaufruf reagierten. Eure großzügige Antwort war überwältigend und ermutigend.
Viele waren nach unserem letzten Newsletter aufgeregt und fragten uns, wie ernst die Situation im Moment ist. Ja, unsere finanzielle Situation war ernst. Auch ist es wahr, dass Riseup unter mehren Blitzeinschlägen, geschmolzenen Computern, internen Konflikten, Krankheit, nationalen Grenzen und einem Autounfall zu leiden hatte. Die Alien-Entführung können wir allerdings nicht bestätigen. Riseup ist ein überwältigendes Projekt: wir halten durch, unter allen Umständen.
Irgendwie funktioniert es, aber es ist keine nachhaltige Arbeitsweise. Wie würde es aussehen, wenn Riseup richtig laufen würde? Hilfe-Tickets würden zeitnah bearbeitet werden, unsere Dienste wären verlässlicher und sicherer und es wäre nicht nötig, getrennte Konten für jeden einzelnen Dienst zu haben. Insbesondere wäre Riseup verantwortlicher und würde besser auf die Wünsche aus der Gemeinschaft reagieren, der wir zu dienen versuchen. Auch wenn eure schnelle Unterstützung unsere aktuelle Krise abgewendet hat, generiert Riseup nicht genügend Spenden, oder freiwillige Mitarbeit, die nötig ist, um Riseup erblühen zu lassen.
Das bedeutet, dass wir weiterhin um eure Untstützung betteln müssen. Es ist nie zu spät zu spenden, bitte schaut auf

erhöhte Quota

Im Juni versprachen wir euch, alle Spenden in diesem Monat zur Erhöhung der Quota zu verwenden. Wir erhielten genug Geld, um euren Speicherplatz zu verdoppeln und sobald wir können, wird es mehr geben. Zur Erinnerung bezüglich Quota:

Sicherheitspraktiken für alle

Computersicherheit ist schwer und selbst große Unternehmen machen es die meiste Zeit falsch. Was gibt es für Aktivisti zu tun? Es gibt vier einfache Schritte um zu beginnen:
(1) Computersicherheit ist schwer und selbst große Unternehmen machen es die meiste Zeit falsch. Was ist für uns zu tun? Hier vier einfache Schritte um zu beginnen: [1].
(2) Benutze ein Passwortprogramm. Einige Passwort-Manager sind besser als andere, aber was wirklich zählt, ist dass du beginnst, einen zu benutzen. Fülle dein Gehirn mit wichtigeren Dingen als Passwörtern. Merke dir ein langes Passwort und lasse den Computer alles andere für dich merken.
(3) Halte dein System aktuell. Die traurige Wirklichkeit ist: Technologie bleibt eine verhängnisvolle Tretmühle. Wenn du alte Software benutzt, bist du vielen SIcherheitslücken ausgesetzt, von denen Angreifer profitieren können.
(4) Lest unsere Anleitung zu besserem Surfen:
[1] Technische Anmerkung: Es ist möglich, die Authentizität eines Senders zu verifzieren, wenn die Nachricht mit OpenPGP oder S/MIME unterzeichnet ist. Andernfalls müssen auch technisch versierte Menschen sehr vorsichtig sein (DKIM schützt nicht vor homographischen Domainnamen-Angriffen, einer Form des Phishing mit ähnlich aussehenden Schriftzeichen, Unsere Hilfeseite zu Phishing - - enthält weitere Infos darüber).

[pt] Português

Crise evitada!

Gratidão novamente a todas as pessoas que contribuiram em setembro em resposta ao nosso apelo urgente. Sua resposta generosa foi impressionante e inspiradora.
Muitas pessoas ficaram alarmadas ao ler nosso último boletim, e nos escreveram para perguntar quão séria é de fato nossa situação. Sim, nossa situação financeira tem estado terrível. Também é verdade que Riseup resistiu a tempestades de relâmpagos, derretimento de computadores, conflitos internos, doenças, fronteiras nacionais, e uma batida de carro. Só não podemos confirmar mesmo a abdução alienígena. Riseup é um projeto quixotesco: o que fazemos é perseverar, contra o bom senso e a razão.
De alguma forma isso funciona, mas esta não é uma forma sustentável de operar. Como seria se Riseup fosse gerenciado de forma correta? Os tíquetes de ajuda seriam respondidos em tempo hábil, nossos serviços seriam mais confiáveis e mais seguros, e você não precisaria de uma conta diferente para cada serviço. Mais importante, Riseup seria mais responsável e teria melhor capacidade de resposta com relação às necessidades das comunidades que procuramos atender. Mesmo que sua ajuda generosa tenha evitado a crise atual, Riseup ainda não gera as doações ou o trabalho voluntário necessário para prosperar.
Isso significa que vamos continuar pedido sua ajuda! Se você ficou de fora, nunca é tarde demais para doar. Por favor visite

Cota aumentada

Lá atrás, em Junho, dissemos que direcionaríamos todas as doações recebidas naquele mês para aumentar as cotas. Recebemos dinheiro suficiente para dobrar as cotas, e vamos aumentar as cotas novamente assim que pudermos. Algumas coisas para se lembrar sobre cotas:

Práticas de segurança para [email protected]

Segurança computacional é difícil, e mesmo grandes corporações erram na maioria das vezes. O que ativistas devem fazer? Existem quatro primeiros passos simples que você deve dar para começar:
(1) Não abra anexos de email. Sério mesmo, simplesmente não os abra, nunca. Anexos de email são a causa mais comum de problemas de segurança. Se você precisa abrir um anexo de email, primeiro entre em contato com quem enviou para confirmar que a pessoa realmente o enviou. Em geral, você não pode nunca confiar na identidade de quem enviou [1].
(2) Use um gerenciador de senhas. Alguns gerenciadores de senhas são melhores que outros, mas o que realmente importa é que você comece a usar um. Deixe seu cérebro encher com algo melhor do que senhas. Lembre de apenas uma grande senha e deixe o computador lembrar de todo o resto.
(3) Mantenha seus programas e sistema operacional atualizados. A realidade triste é que a tecnologia é uma esteira infinita cheia de desgraças. Se você estiver usando programas velhos, você provavelmente está se expondo a todo tipo de vulnerabilidades conhecidas as quais um atacante pode tirar vantagem.
(4) Verifique nosso tutorial para melhorar sua navegação na rede:
[1] Nota técnica: É possível verificar a identidade de quem enviou, se a mensagem estiver assinada com OpenPGP ou S/MIME. De outra forma, mesmo pessoas tecnicamente experientes precisam ter um cuidado extremo (por exemplo, DKIM não evita ataques homográficos em nomes de domínios, um método de phishing que usa caracteres similares para confundir. Nossa página de ajuda sobre Phishing - - contém mais informações).

[es] Castellano

¡Crisis superada!

Gracias de nuevo a toda la gente que contribuyó en Septiembre en respuesta a nuestro llamada urgente. Vuestra generosa respuesta fue sobrecogedora e inspiradora.
Mucha gente se alarmó tras leer nuestro último boletín, y nos escribió para preguntarnos cómo de seria es nuestra situación. Es cierto, nuestra situación financiera ha sido desesperada. También es verdad que Riseup se ha curtido con rayos, ordenadores fundidos, conflictos internos, enfermedades, fronteras nacionales, y un accidente de coche. No podemos aún confirmar la abducción alienígena. Riseup es un proyecto quijotil: lo que hacemos es persistir, contra toda razón.
De alguna manera funciona, pero esta no es una forma sostenible de operar. ¿Cómo sería si Riseup funcionase adecuadamente? Los tickets de ayuda sería respondidos en buen tiempo, nuestros servicios serían más fiables y seguros, y no necesitarías una cuenta para cada diferente servicio. Más importante aún, Riseup sería más responsable y receptivo a las necesidades de las comunidades que buscamos servir. Aunque vuestro generoso apoyo ha evitado la crisis actual, Riseup no genera aún los donativos o el trabajo voluntario necesario para prosperar.
¡Eso significa que vamos a seguir pidiendo vuestro apoyo! Si perdiste la ocasión, nunca es demasiado tarde para donar. Por favor visita:

Aumento de cuota

En junio, anunciamos que invertiríamos todas las donaciones de ese mes en incrementar la cuota. Recibimos suficiente dinero para doblar la cuota, y volveremos a incrementar la cuota tan pronto como podamos. Algunas cosas para recordar sobre la cuota:

Prácticas securitarias para todas

La seguridad digital es difícil, e incluso las grandes corporaciones cometen errores la mayor parte del tiempo. ¿Qué puede hacer una activista? Hay cuatro pasos fáciles que deberías tomar para empezar:
(1) No habrás adjuntos. Honestamente, simplemente no lo hagas, nunca. Los adjuntos son la causa única más común de problemas securitarios. Si tienes que abrir un adjunto, primero contacta la remitente y confirma que lo enviaron. En general, nunca puedes confiar la identidad de la destinataria [1].
(2) Utiliza un gestor de contraseñas. Algunos gestores de contraseñas son mejores que otros, pero lo que realmente importa es que empieces a usar uno. Deja que tu cerebro se llene de cosas más hermosas que contraseñas. Memoriza una contraseña larga y deja que el ordenador recuerde todo lo demás.
(3) Mantén tu software y sistema operativo al día. La triste realidad es que la tecnología es una maldición sin fin. Si utilizas software viejo, probablemente estás exponiéndote a todo tipo de vulnerabilidades conocidas que un atacante puede utilizar.
(4) Consulta nuestro tutorial para Una Mejor Navegación: (sólo disponible en inglés por el momento)
[1] Nota técnica: es posible verificar la identidad de la remitente, si el mensaje está firmado con OpenPGP o S/MIME. Sino es así, incluso gente entrenada técnicamente tiene que tomar extremadas precauciones (por ejemplo, DKIM no evita ataques homográficos de nombre de dominio, un método phishing que utiliza caracteres de similar apariencia. Nuestra página en Phising – - tiene más información)

[fr] Français

Une crise évitée

Merci à toutes les personnes qui ont contribué en septembre après notre urgent appel aux contributions. La générosité de vos dons est à la fois frappante et inspirante.
Beaucoup d'entre vous ont été apeuré-e-s à la lecture de notre dernière lettre d'information et nous avez écrit pour nous demander à quel point notre situation était mauvaise. Oui, il est vrai que nos finances étaient critiques. Il est également vrai que Riseup a survécu à la foudre, à la destruction d'ordinateurs, aux conflits internes, à la maladie, aux frontières étatiques et à un accident de voiture. Nous ne pouvons pas confirmer l'enlèvement d'un-e des notres par des aliens. Riseup est un projet à la Don Quichotte: contre toute attente, nous persévérons.
Cela fonctionne d'une certaine manière, mais ce n'est pas un façon pérenne de fonctionner. À quoi ressemblerait Riseup si les choses fonctionnaient correctement? Nous réponderions aux tickets d'aide rapidement, nos services seraient plus stables et plus sécuritaires et vous n'auriez pas besoin d'un compte différent pour chaque service. Plus particulièrement, Riseup serait plus redevable et plus à l'écoute des besoins des communautés que nous aidons. Même si votre généreux support nous a aidé à traverser cette crise, Riseup n'as pas encore les ressources financières ou le travail bénévole pour s'épanouir complètement.
Cela veut donc dire que nous allons continuer à vous demander de l'aide! Si vous n'avez pas eu l'occasion de faire un don, il n'est pas trop tard! Allez faire un tour au

Des quotas plus grands

Nous vous avions annoncé que tous les dons reçus en juin allaient être utilisés pour augmenter les quotas. Nous avons reçu assez d'argent pour doubler les quotas et nous allons les augmenter encore dès que possible. Voici quelques trucs à se rappeler à propos des quotas:

Des pratiques sécuritaires pour tout le monde

La sécurité informatique est difficile et même les grandes compagnies se trompent la plupart du temps. Qu'est-ce qu'un-e activiste peut faire? Voici quatre étapes de base pour vous lancer:
(1) N'ouvrez pas les pièces-jointes dans les courriel. Pour de vrai, ne les ouvrez jamais. Les pièces-jointes sont la cause la plus importante de problèmes de sécurité informatique. Si vous devez ouvrir une pièce-jointe, prenez la peine de contacter la personne qui vous a envoyé le courriel en premier pour vérifier que c'est bien elle qui vous l'a envoyé. En général, vous ne pouvez jamais faire confiance en l'identité d'une personne qui vous envoie un courriel [1].
(2) Utilisez un gestionnaire de mots de passe. Certains gestionnaires sont meilleurs que d'autres, mais le plus important est d'en utiliser un. Laissez votre merveilleux cerveau se remplir d'autre choses que des mots de passe. Rappelez-vous d'un seul long mot de passe et laissez votre ordinateur se rappelez des autres.
(3) Gardez vos programmes et votre système d'exploitation à jour. La triste réalité est que la technologie est un tapis roulant de la mort sans fin. Si vous utilisez des vieux programmes, vous vous exposez à toutes sortes de vulnérabilités que des personnes malicieuses peuvent exploiter.
(4) Allez faire un tour sur notre tutoriel pour améliorer votre navigation sur le web:
[1] Note technique: Il est possible de vérifier l'identité d'une personne qui vous envoie un courriel si le message est signé par OpenPGP ou S/MIME. Sans cela, même les personnes qui s'y connaissent doivent faire preuve d'une grande précaution (par exemple, DKIM n'empêche pas les homographes de noms de domaines, une méthode qui utilise des caractères similaires. Plus d'infos sur notre page d'aide sur l'hameçonnage (phishing) - ).

[it] Italiano

Crisi evitata!

Grazie ancora a tutte le persone che hanno contribuito nel mese di settembre in risposta al nostro appello urgente. La vostra generosa risposta è stata travolgente e motivante.
Dopo aver letto l'ultima newsletter, molte persone si sono allarmate e ci hanno scritto chiedendoci quanto la situazione fosse effettivamente grave. Sì, la nostra situazione finanziaria è stata disastrosa. E' anche vero che Riseup è stata colpita da scioperi a sorpresa, computer che si sono fusi, conflitti interni, malattie, confini nazionali e un incidente d'auto. Non possiamo confermare un rapimento da parte degli alieni. Riseup è un progetto visionario, idealista e romantico: quello che facciamo è perseverare contro qualsiasi raziocinio.
In qualche modo funziona, ma questa non è una maniera sostenibile di operare. Come sarebbe Riseup se le cose funzionassero bene? I ticket di richiesta di supporto riceverebbero risposte in breve tempo, i nostri servizi sarebbero più affidabili e sicuri e voi non avreste bisogno di usare account differenti per i vari servizi. E ancora più importante, Riseup sarebbe più responsabile e reattivo alle necessità delle comunità alle quali cerchiamo di dare servizio. Sebbene il vostro generoso aiuto ha evitato la crisi attuale, Riseup non genera ancora le donazioni o il lavoro volontario necessari a per prosperare.
Questo significa che stiamo per chiedere di nuovo il tuo supporto! Se ti sei fatto sfuggire l'occasione, sappi non è mai troppo tardi per fare una donazione. Visita

Spazio per la posta aumentato

In giugno, dicemmo che avremmo voluto usare le donazioni ricevute nel corso di quel mese per aumentare il limite massimo di spazio per la posta elettronica. Abbiamo ricevuto abbastanza denaro per raddoppiare lo spazio e l'aumenteremo di nuovo appena possibile. Un po' di cose da ricordare riguardo lo spazio disponibile per la posta:

Pratiche di sicurezza per tutti

La sicurezza informatica è un tema difficile ed anche le grandi aziende spesso sbagliano. Cosa può fare un attivista? Per iniziare ci sono quattro facili passi che devi fare:
(1) Non aprire gli allegati dei messaggi di posta elettronica. Davvero, non farlo, mai. Gli allegati delle email sono la causa più comune dei problemi di sicurezza. Se proprio devi aprire un allegato, prima contatta il mittente e chiedi conferma che l'abbia realmente mandato. In generale, non devi mai fidarti dell'identità del mittente [1].
(2) Usa un password manager. Alcuni sono migliori di altri, ma quello che è più importante è iniziare ad usarne uno. Lascia che il tuo splendido cervello si riempia di cose migliori delle password. Ricorda solo una password molto lunga e lascia che il computer si ricordi tutte le altre cose.
(3) Mantieni il software ed il sistema operativo aggiornato. La triste realtà è che la tecnologia è un tragico tran tran senza fine. Se usi software vecchio, ti stai probabilmente esponendo a tutte le possibili vulnerabilità conosciute delle quali si potrebbe servire un possibile aggressore.
(4) Dai un'occhiata al nostro tutorial Better Web Browsing:
[1] Nota tecnica: è possibile verificare l'identità del mittente se il messaggio è firmato con OpenPGP o S/MIME. Diversamente, anche le persone più sagge dal punto di vista tecnico devono esercitare la massima cautela (per esempio, DKIM non impedisce gli attacchi omografici sui nomi dei domini, un metodo di phishing che viene fatto attraverso l'uso di caratteri simili nel costruire i nomi dei domini. La nostra pagina di help sul Phishing - - ha ulteriori informazioni).
submitted by 841067 to Anarchism [link] [comments]

2016.04.11 09:02 atk5m A moderately good CCA-oriented torpedo boat

Build Description
This build is mainly constructed to play in CCA, where it does reasonably well; it's hit 178k in a PUG. It's moderately well-equipped but as I'm more Space Bernie Sanders than Space Trump, it lacks a lot of fancy toys. It has no lobi consoles; no kemocite; no expensive and exotic duty officers; no Sheshar trait (it does use the Manticore veteran reward ship trait). Most of its equipment is not upgraded to epic status. This ship does far less well in ISA, partly because good groups kill everything before the torpedoes hit and bad groups cause this ship to pull threat and explode, but mostly because I'm a lousy pilot.
Ship Information
Basic Information Data
Ship Name USS Scepter
Ship Class Hestia
Ship Model Fleet Advanced Escort
Ship Beauty Shot
Captain Name Epsilon Thirteen
Captain Career Tactical
Captain Species Liberated Borg
Captain's Outfit
Primary Specialization Intel
Secondary Specialization Pilot
Ship Loadout
Slot Component Notes
Fore Weapons Enhanced Bio-Molecular Photon Torpedo Launcher Mk XIV [Acc] Makes for big high-yield hits. I upgraded it to ultra-rare at ruinous cost, only to find out that it just gets an [Acc] modifier. Nonetheless, it is possibly the single most important item in this build.
Neutronic Torpedo Launcher Mk XIV A hard-hitting, generally-good torpedo that doesn't kill me when I'm close to the target.
Terran Task Force Photon Torpedo Launcher Mk XIV I hoped that this weapon would be more useful against the crystalline entity, given its damage bonus against low-HP targets, but I haven't been too impressed by it, at least in CCA. That may be because it doesn't fire all that often.
Gravimetric Photon Torpedo Launcher Mk XIV [CrtH] Formerly my favorite torpedo, though a lot of that affection originates from the time when the mini grav wells were more powerful. After having killed myself with it numerous times by being too close to the target, I've disabused myself of my fondness for it.
Aft Weapons Terran Task Force Disruptor Beam Array Mk XIV Said to be the best beam array in the game, but it's loaded here solely for the set bonus. In ISA, I swap its position with the Neutronic Torpedo Launcher.
Omni-Directional Phaser Beam Array Mk XIV [Acc] [Arc] [Dmg] I need an omni-beam to generate Weapon System Synergy stacks.
Experimental Proton Weapon Purely for the set bonus; I don't even know what it looks like when it fires.
Deflector Adapted M.A.C.O. Positron Deflector Array Mk XIV Reasonably useful stats, but the Counter-Command deflector might be a better choice for this ship.
Impulse Engines Adapted M.A.C.O. Combat Impulse Engines Mk XIV Two pieces of the Adapted M.A.C.O set are virtually required for non-space sorcery torpedo boats.
Warp Core Iconian Resistance Hyper Injection Warp Core Mk XIV [AMP] Nearly-useless stats for this ship, as I just park and shoot, but the hot weapons restart is too useful to pass up in CCA. There are a number of good alternatives, including the Temporal warp core from Butterfly, or a fleet core with [WCap], which can also reactivate weapons.
Shields M.A.C.O. Resilient Shield Array Mk XIV The poor (Fed) man's plasmonic leech, and a leftover from when this ship was a DHC boat. Iconian or Adapted M.A.C.O. shields would be better choices.
Devices Battery: Kinetic Amplifier De rigueur.
I should put something useful here; maybe the Delta reinforcements thing.
Engineering Consoles Assimilated Module Mk XIV All of its stats, even the grav gens, are useful on this ship.
Ferrofluid Hydraulic Assembly Mk XIV The torpedo recharge time reduction is the most significant thing; the other stats are generally academic.
Proton Particle Stabilizer Mk XIV Slotted entirely for the Protonic Arsenal set bonus; this console is entirely lackluster on its own.
Science Consoles Exotic Particle Focuser Mk XII [+PartGen] [Grav] Mk XIV If I had a Bioneural Infusion Circuits console, it'd go here. It would have been better to swap the [Grav] and [PrtG] mods, but I have a fetish for big gravity wells.
Exotic Particle Focuser Mk XII [+PartGen] [Grav] Mk XIV If I had a Tachyokinetic Converter console, it'd go here. In ISA, I pull all three science consoles for embassy threat reduction consoles; it's the only way to give this ship a prayer of survival. I use the plasma explosion consoles but given the dearth of energy weapons on this build, either of the healing consoles would obviously be a better choice.
Temporal Disentanglement Suite Mk XIV If I had a Rule 62 Multipurpose Console, it'd go here. This ship runs high auxiliary power so the Temporal Disentanglement Suite is a decent - and very cheap - choice.
Tactical Consoles Vulnerability Locator Mk XIV [+Torp] Epic! Got lucky while upgrading.
Vulnerability Locator Mk XIV [+Torp] Also epic.
Vulnerability Locator Mk XIV [+Torp] The rest are ultra rare. Exploiters might be better as this ship gets a lot of CrtH from set bonuses.
Vulnerability Locator Mk XIV [+Torp]
Vulnerability Locator Mk XIV [+Torp]
Officers and Crew
CMDR Tactical (Superior Romulan Operative) Torpedo High Yield I This ship's primary attack in CCA.
Focused Assault I It's a Cat 2 damage buff as I understand it and I don't know if High Yield II is a significant improvement from the rank one version.
Attack Pattern Omega I In ISA, I'd put Torpedo Spread III here.
Attack Pattern Omega III A big buff to damage and there is no torpedo skill to place here.
LT Tactical (Superior Romulan Operative) Tactical Team I Pro forma.
Attack Pattern Beta I I'd really rather not buff the damage of my "teammates" in CCA, but most of the time they can't put out enough damage to capitalize on this or Focused Assault, anyway.
ENS Tactical (Superior Romulan Operative) Torpedo High Yield I Second copy.
LCDR Engineering/Command (Human) Emergency Power to Auxiliary I High auxiliary power benefits the gravity well and Temporal Disentanglement Suite.
Concentrate Firepower II Buffs kinetic damage, grants free Torpedo High Yield I shots to some lucky and parasitic player on my team, and resets torpedo cooldowns. Very useful to anyone who flies a torpedo boat.
Concentrate Firepower III Some hoser on my "team" always jacks the High Yield procs.
LCDR Science (Human, since I can't stand the idea of a walking potato on my bridge) Hazard Emitters I If I wanted to sell out for damage, I'd slot Subspace Vortex I here.
Transfer Shield Strength II If I wanted to sell out for damage, I'd slot Destabilizing Resonance Beam I here.
Gravity Well I Any ship I fly with a lieutenant commander science slot needs to carry a gravity well.
Projectile Weapons Officer (VR) Reduces cooldown on torpedoes by 6 seconds.
Projectile Weapons Officer (VR) Also reduces cooldown on torpedoes by 6 seconds.
Projectile Weapons Officer (VR) Possibly overkill?
Conn Officer (VR) Reduces cooldown on Tactical Team by 6 seconds.
Conn Officer (VR) Second copy.
Exocomp I don't really have anyone else to put in an active slot.
Other Information
Weapons 56
Shields 63
Engines 47
Auxiliary 82
SET BONUSES Set Description
Terran Task Force Munitions Bonus 13.3% torpedo damage, Secondary Torpedo Launchers.
Protonic Arsenal Bonus 26.6% photon damage, lots of CrtD and CrtH to photon torpedoes.
Adapted MACO set Bonus 25% torpedo damage, among other things.
Traits and Reputation
Active Personal Traits Notes
Anchored Like an anti-government protester in Idaho, I like to just sit in one place with my guns.
Blaze of Glory I've actually found a use for this trait. Because CCA matches end so quickly, I can simply eat the second feedback pulse the Entity casts (assuming it lives long enough to cast it), giving me ten seconds to finish it off. This trait has the drawback of making it glaringly and embarrassingly obvious when I've killed myself via high-yield explosion, though.
Kinetic Precision 10% shield penetration; R&D projectiles school level 15 trait.
Self-Modulating Fire 50% shield penetration for 10 seconds; relatively cheap the last time I checked, as it comes from a recent lockbox.
Particle Manipulator Big critical hit boost for science abilities, which helps this ship's grav well. R&D science school level 15 trait.
Psychological Warfare ... I honestly have no idea what this trait does, exactly. However, it does sound cool and as I said, I love big, powerful gravity wells. Lockbox trait and still relatively inexpensive, perhaps because nobody else knows precisely what it does, either.
Fleet Coordinator 2% damage bonus per teammate; an obvious choice for STFs.
Innocuous 1.5% CrtD and -25% threat, which really isn't enough to stay alive.
Projectile Training 5% projectile damage; default trait.
Reputation Space Passives Faction Notes
Torpedo Pre-Fire Sequence 12.5% more torpedo damage and 33% faster destructible torpedoes.
Auxiliary Power Configuration (Offense) This ship generally runs with high auxiliary power and so this trait is quite useful.
Omega Kinetic Shearing Absolutely mandatory for a torpedo boat; it's usually my second most-damaging ability.
Precision 4% CrtH
Advanced Targeting Systems 16% CrtD
Active Space Reputation Traits Notes
Deploy Sensor Interference Platform Sometimes it saves my life.
Refracting Tetryon Cascade Filler damage, for the most part.
Quantum Singularity Manipulation Makes for a bigger, more damaging grav well at the start of the fight.
Bio-Molecular Shield Generator A great ability that also helps in cheesing CCA scores.
Starship Traits Notes
All Hands on Deck Presidio trait; this doesn't actually get a lot of use in CCA since the match usually ends very quickly.
Numerical Superiority Hestia trait; only useful if people are actually attacking the Entity, but for some reason, I always see people charging into the Tholians and bukkake'ing lazers and then dying shortly afterwawrds.
Overwhelming Force Exchange-bought trait; does a decent (5k-ish) amount of damage and sends the Tholians flying, confusing everyone and hopefully inhibiting their performance (and thus enhancing my chance of winning).
Checkmate Yorktown trait; triggered by grav well.
Weapon System Synergy Manticore trait; stacked by the omni-phaser array.
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